Hermès Trismégiste

Paralipomena. Volume V: Codex VI de Nag Hammadi – Codex Clarkianus 11 Oxoniensis – Definições herméticas – Diversos

Parution : 11/10/2019

Hermès Trismégiste est un auteur imaginaire. Son existence est insoutenable, ses œuvres apocryphes, leur rédacteur inconnu. Et pourtant, résistant à toutes les critiques, il a connu plusieurs renaissances. Aujourd’hui les spécialistes y trouvent l’expression d’authentiques idées égyptiennes et les historiens de la philosophie analysent ses exercices spirituels. Composés au début de notre ère, ces écrits philosophiques n’exposent pas un système, mais une voie, c’est-à-dire une progression mentale, où les valeurs s’affirment à chaque étape.
La fortune d’Hermès est due à l’idée qu’il incarne : la certitude que l’homme, loin d’avoir perdu la gloire du paradis, peut trouver, dans les mythes ancestraux, sa mémoire et les profondeurs de son esprit, la force de remonter jusqu’à l’intellect divin dont il est issu. Trismégiste est-il le troisième et le plus grand d’une lignée de sages ou est-ce le même qui s’est incarné trois fois pour enseigner les trois puissances divines ?
Les textes grecs et latins ont été publiés dans la CUF en 4 volumes, de 1941 à 1954, par A. D. Nock et A.-J. Festugière. Depuis, d’autres témoins ont été découverts, en grec, en copte, en arménien, en syriaque et en arabe. Parmi ces Paralipomènes, se révèlent quelques pierres angulaires de l’édifice hermétique.

I. – INTRODUCTION. Hermès Trismégiste et la voie d’immortalité

Chapitre 1 – Les Grecs, les Barbares et le temps : Sciences et histoire à l’âge hellénistique et dans le monde romain
Chapitre 2 – Hermès Trismégiste : astrologue, alchimiste, mage et philosophe des mystères
Chapitre 3 – Les trois étapes de la remontée
Chapitre 4 – La formation hermétique
Chapitre 5 – Le courant hermétique : du mythe à la pratique
Chapitre 6 – Le mystère de la régénération

Conclusion
L’hermétisme, un courant religieux spécifique
Sur la présente édition

II. – TEXTES
Rappel historique des nouveaux textes (1945-2006)
Principes éditoriaux

Chapitre 1 – HT
Hermès Trismégiste : vestiges textuels d’une personnalité imaginaire
Notice
HT 1 La triple grandeur d’Hermès
HT 2 La généalogie d’Hermès Trismégiste
HT 3 Hermès Trismégiste et les trois grandes Puissances (grec, syriaque, arménien)
HT 4 Hermès Trismégiste trois fois incarné
HT 5 Vie de Trismégiste ou des Hermès ?
HT 6 Vie des trois Hermès (arabe)

Chapitre 2 – OgdEnn NH VI
L’Ogdoade et l’Ennéade
Notice
Texte copte et traduction commentée

Chapitre 3 – PrAcGr NH VI
Prière d’action de grâces
Notice
Synopse gréco-copte et traduction commentée

Chapitre 4 – DP NH VI
Extrait du Discours Parfait
Notice
Texte copte, parallèles grecs et traduction commentée
I. L’homme et le divin
II. Prédiction sur l’Égypte et le monde
III. L’au-delà et le jugement des âmes

Chapitre 5 – DH
Définitions d’Hermès Trismégiste à Asclépius
Notice
Conspectus siglorum
Classement des manuscrits arméniens
Stemma codicum
Texte arménien, parallèles grecs et traduction annotée

Chapitre 6 – HO I-V
Hermetica Oxoniensia
Notice
Texte grec et traduction annotée

Chapitre 7 – HV 1-4
Hermetica Vindobonensia
Notice
HV 1 texte grec et traduction
HV 3 – 4 vestiges de texte grec
HV 2 texte grec et traduction
Commentaire

Chapitre 8 – HB
Hermetica Berolinensia
Notice
Texte grec et traduction HB 1

Chapitre 9 – Tchacos
Fragments hermétiques du Codex Tchacos
Notice

Chapitre 10 – FH 37-40
Fragmenta Hermetica

FH 37 Charisius
Ars grammatica
Texte et traduction
Commentaire

FH 38 a Didyme l’Aveugle
Commentaire sur l’Ecclésiaste
Papyrus grec de Toura III
Texte et traduction

FH 38 b Didyme l’Aveugle
Commentaire sur les Psaumes
Papyrus grec de Toura V
Texte et traduction

FH 39 Jamblique
Les mystères d’Égypte VIII, 2-3
Texte et traduction
Commentaire

FH 40 Fragment syriaque
Texte, traduction, commentaire

III. – QUELQUES COMPLÉMENTS OU OBSERVATIONS
sur le texte et la traduction d’A. D. Nock et A.-J. Festugière

https://www.lesbelleslettres.com/livre/4084-paralipomenes-tome-v-codex-vi-de-nag-hammadi-codex-clarkianus-11-oxoniensis-definitions-hermetiques-divers

(Texte de l’éditeur)

Origène et la fonction révélatrice du Verbe incarné

 

7 Juin 2019

Publié en 1958, ce livre de Marguerite Harl marque un progrès majeur dans les études sur Origène. Embrassant l’ensemble des oeuvres connues du grand maître chrétien, il révèle les méthodes suivies dans ses recherches par l’Alexandrin, à partir de l’analyse des textes eux-mêmes, sans préjugés dogmatiques ni apologétiques. Ce livre met en valeur la carrure intellectuelle d’Origène, son attention aux débats philosophiques de son époque ainsi que son recours à la raison jusque dans l’analyse de l’aspiration mystique. Enfin, Marguerite Harl insiste sur la rigueur de sa science exégétique de bibliste, la force de sa pensée engagée dans une quête perpétuelle de clarté, des homélies aux traités en passant par les Commentaires des Écritures.
Ce livre a été en son temps salué par la critique comme une contribution capitale au renouveau des connaissances sur Origène, sur les Pères de l’Église et sur l’Antiquité tardive mené dans un cadre universitaire sous l’impulsion et à l’exemple de Henri-Irénée Marrou, Henri-Charles Puech et André-Jean Festugière. Il reste aujourd’hui, soixante plus tard, un ouvrage de référence. Le portrait qu’il donne d’Origène au travail n’a pas pris une ride et constitue l’introduction savante la plus sûre à ses œuvres.

https://halldulivre.com/livre/9782251449517-origene-et-la-fonction-revelatrice-du-verbe-incarne-marguerite-harl/

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The Gospel of Thomas and Plato

A Study of the Impact of Platonism on the “Fifth Gospel”

2018

Now available in Open Access thanks to the support of the University of Helsinki. In The Gospel of Thomas and Plato, Ivan Miroshnikov contributes to the study of the earliest Christian engagements with philosophy by offering the first systematic discussion of the impact of Platonism on the Gospel of Thomas, one of the most intriguing and cryptic works among the Nag Hammadi writings. Miroshnikov demonstrates that a Platonist lens is indispensable to the understanding of a number of the Thomasine sayings that have, for decades, remained elusive as exegetical cruces. The Gospel of Thomas is thus an important witness to the early stages of the process that eventually led to the Platonist formulation of certain Christian dogmata.

https://brill.com/view/title/38096

(Editor’s text)

Philosophic Silence and the ‘One’ in Plotinus

Publication date: March 2018

Plotinus, the greatest philosopher of Late Antiquity, discusses at length a first principle of reality – the One – which, he tells us, cannot be expressed in words or grasped in thought. How and why, then, does Plotinus write about it at all? This book explores this act of writing the unwritable. Seeking to explain what seems to be an insoluble paradox in the very practice of late Platonist writing, it examines not only the philosophical concerns involved, but the cultural and rhetorical aspects of the question. The discussion outlines an ancient practice of ‛philosophical silence’ which determined the themes and tropes of public secrecy appropriate to Late Platonist philosophy. Through philosophic silence, public secrecy and silence flow into one another, and the unsaid space of the text becomes an initiatory secret. Understanding this mode of discourse allows us to resolve many apparent contradictions in Plotinus’ thought.

 

Introduction pp 1-16

PART I – The Cultural Roots of Platonist Philosophic Silence pp 17-18

1 – De philosophorum Græcorum silentio mystico: Preliminaries pp 19-40

2 – The Silent Philosopher pp 41-85

3 – Perennial Wisdom and Platonist Tradition pp 86-124

4 – Plotinus and ‘The Ancients’: Tradition, Truth and Transcendence pp 125-144

 

PART II – The Transcendent Absolute, the Ineffable and Plotinian Poetics of Transcendence pp 145-146

5 – The Development of the Transcendent Absolute in the Middle Platonist Milieu pp 147-175

6 – The Transcendent Absolute and the Ineffability of Reality in Plotinus pp 176-210

7 – The Poetics of Transcendence in Plotinus pp 211-240

 

Conclusion pp 241-250

Appendices pp 251-252

Appendix A – The Plotinian Idea of Tradition and ‘Platonism’ pp 253-256

Appendix B – Esoteric Hermeneutics, Plato and Aristotle in Plotinus pp 257-260

Appendix C – Some Useful Notes on Plotinian Metaphysics pp 261-265

Appendix D – Modern Theories of Philosophic Silence pp 266-273

Select Primary Bibliography pp 274-275

Secondary Bibliography pp 276-295

Index pp 296-299

https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/philosophic-silence-and-the-one-in-plotinus/144FDD8D6A57E4F1F03B1247EDEFBFE0#fndtn-information

 

(Publisher’s text)

Christians, Gnostics and Philosophers

in Late Antiquity

Gnosticism, Christianity and late antique philosophy are often studied separately; when studied together they are too often conflated. These articles set out to show that we misunderstand all three phenomena if we take either approach. We cannot interpret, or even identify, Christian Gnosticism without Platonic evidence; we may even discover that Gnosticism throws unexpected light on the Platonic imagination. At the same time, if we read writers like Origen simply as Christian Platonists, or bring Christians and philosophers together under the porous umbrella of « monotheism », we ignore fundamental features of both traditions. To grasp what made Christianity distinctive, we must look at the questions asked in the studies here, not merely what Christians appropriated but how it was appropriated. What did the pagan gods mean to a Christian poet of the fifth century? What did Paul quote when he thought he was quoting Greek poetry? What did Socrates mean to the Christians, and can we trust their memories when they appeal to lost fragments of the Presocratics? When pagans accuse the Christians of moral turpitude, do they know more or less about them than we do? What divides Augustine, the disenchanted Platonist, from his Neoplatonic contemporaries? And what God or gods await the Neoplatonist when he dies?

Table of Contents

Contents: Preface; Part I Christians and Pagans in Dispute: Quoting Aratus: Acts 17.28; Some early Christian immoralities; Justin’s logos and the word of God; Satire and verisimilitude: Christianity in Lucian’s Peregrinus; Xenophanes Christianus?; Pagan and Christian monotheism in the age of Constantine; Notes on the date and venue of the Oration to the Saints; Dracontius the African and the fate of Rome. Part II Gnostic Thought and its Milieu: Gnostics and Valentians in the church fathers; Neglected texts in the study of Gnosticism; Pauline Platonism: the myth of Valentinus; The tale of Cupid and Psyche; Porphyry’s Cave of the Nymphs and the Gnostic controversy. Part III Christianity and the Platonic Tradition: Socrates and the early Church’ Origen’s Platonism: questions and caveats; Ammonius, teacher of Origen; Birth, death and divinity in Porphyry’s Life of Plotinus; Porphyry and the intelligible triad; The figure of love in Augustine and in Proclus the neoplatonist; Index.

https://www.routledge.com/Christians-Gnostics-and-Philosophers-in-Late-Antiquity/Edwards/p/book/9781138115682

 

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Religious Platonism

The Influence of Religion on Plato and the Influence of Plato on Religion

Published January 20, 2016

In Plato’s Laws is the earliest surviving fully developed cosmological argument. His influence on the philosophy of religion is wide ranging and this book examines both that and the influence of religion on Plato.

Central to Plato’s thought is the theory of forms, which holds that there exists a realm of forms, perfect ideals of which things in this world are but imperfect copies. In this book, originally published in 1959, Feibleman finds two diverse strands in Plato’s philosophy: an idealism centered upon the Forms denying full ontological status to the realm of becoming, and a moderate realism granting actuality equal reality with Forms. For each strand Plato developed a conception of religion: a supernatural one derived from Orphism, and a naturalistic religion revering the traditional Olympian deities

Introduction: Parrhesia

Part 1: Plato’s Religious Philosophy

  1. Plato’s Method
  2. Plato’s Two Philosophies
  3. The Greek Religious Inheritance
  4. The Influence of Orphism
  5. Plato’s Two Religions

Part 2: The Religious Influence of Plato

  1. Aristotle’s Religion
  2. Philo’s Philosophy of Religion
  3. Plotinus’ Philosophy of Religion
  4. Rivals and Substitutes for Platonism
  5. Early Neoplatonism
  6. Later Neoplatonism: The Middle Ages

https://www.routledge.com/Religious-Platonism-The-Influence-of-Religion-on-Plato-and-the-Influence/Feibleman/p/book/9781138985049

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Group Identity & Religious Individuality in Late Antiquity

2015

To understand the past, we necessarily group people together and, consequently, frequently assume that all of its members share the same attributes. In this ground-breaking volume, Eric Rebillard and Jörg Rüpke bring renowned scholars together to challenge this norm by seeking to rediscover the individual and to explore the dynamics between individuals and the groups to which they belong. Instead of taking religious groups as their point of departure, the authors in Group Identity and Religious Individuality in Late Antiquity address the methodological challenges attached to a rescaling of the analysis at the level of the individual. In particular, they explore the tension between looking for evidence about individuals and taking individuals into account when looking at evidence. Too often, the lack of direct evidence on individuals is used as a justification for taking the group as the unit of analysis. However, evidence on group life can be read with individuals as the focal point. What it reveals is how complex is the interaction of group identity and religious individuality. The questions examined by these authors include the complex relationships between institutional religions and religious individuals, the possibility of finding evidence on individual religiosity and exploring the multiplicity of roles and identities that characterizes every individual. Shifting the attention towards individuals also calls into question the assumption of groups and invites the study of group-making process. The result is a picture that makes room for dynamic tension between group identity and religious individuality.

https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt15zc8w0

(Editor’s text)

Universal Salvation in Late Antiquity

Porphyry of Tyre and the Pagan-Christian Debate

25 Jul 2015

This study offers an in-depth examination of Porphyrian soteriology, or the concept of the salvation of the soul, in the thought of Porphyry of Tyre, whose significance for late antique thought is immense. Porphyry’s concept of salvation is important for an understanding of those cataclysmic forces, not always theological, that helped convert the Roman Empire from paganism to Christianity. Porphyry, a disciple of Plotinus, was the last and greatest anti-Christian writer to vehemently attack the Church before the Constantinian revolution. His contribution to the pagan-Christian debate on universalism can thus shed light on the failure of paganism and the triumph of Christianity in late antiquity. In a broader historical and cultural context this study will address some of the issues central to the debate on universalism, in which Porphyry was passionately involved and which was becoming increasingly significant during the unprecedented series of economic, cultural, political, and military crises of the third century. As the author will argue, Porphyry may have failed to find one way of salvation for all humanity, he nonetheless arrived a hierarchical soteriology, something natural for a Neoplatonist, which resulted in an integrative religious and philosophical system. His system is examined in the context of other developing ideologies of universalism, during a period of unprecedented imperial crises, which were used by the emperors as an agent of political and religious unification. Christianity finally triumphed over its competitors owing to its being perceived to be the only universal salvation cult that was capable of bringing about this unification. In short, it won due to its unique universalist soteriology. By examining a rival to Christianity’s concept of universal salvation, this book will be valuable to students and scholars of ancient philosophy, patristics, church history, and late antiquity.

 

Part I Porphyry of Tyre and the Quest for a Pagan Counterpart to Christian Universalism

1 Porphyry of Tyre

2 Contextualizing a Porphyrian Soteriology

3 De Philosophia ex oraculis

4 The Contra Christianos in the Context of Universalism

5 Eusebius and Porphyry

Part II The Historical and Cultural Context of Universalism

6 The Meaning of Salvation in a Greco-Roman Milieu

7 The Philosophia ex oraculis

8 Porphyry and Iamblichus

9 Eschatological Salvation

10 Historical Context

11 Religious Universalism

12 Conclusions

https://www.amazon.fr/dp/0190202394/ref=cm_sw_em_r_mt_dp_SC3xFbAMXNAZ5

(Editor’s text)

Cosa è un’idea? L’intelligenza nell’ultimo Platone

 

2015

Le idee, nel loro complesso, il mondo intellegibile e il rapporto che esso intrattiene con il mondo sensibile, rappresentano il punto di partenza di tutto il sistema filosofico di Platone, dall’ontologia all’etica e all’epistemologia.

The Routledge Handbook of Neoplatonism

Publication date:  April 2014

The Routledge Handbook of Neoplatonism is an authoritative and comprehensive survey of the most important issues and developments in one of the fastest growing areas of research in ancient philosophy. An international team of scholars situates and re-evaluates Neoplatonism within the history of ancient philosophy and thought, and explores its influence on philosophical and religious schools worldwide. Over thirty chapters are divided into seven clear parts:

The Routledge Handbook of Neoplatonism is a major reference source for all students and scholars in Neoplatonism and ancient philosophy, as well as researchers in the philosophy of science, ethics, aesthetics and religion.

Chapter  1:  Introduction: Neoplatonism today

Chapter  2:  Platonist curricula and their influence

Chapter  3:  The Alexandrian classrooms excavated and sixth-century philosophy teaching

Chapter  4:  Middle Platonism and its relation to Stoicism and the Peripatetic tradition

Chapter  5:  Plotinus and the Gnostics: opposed heirs of Plato

Chapter  6:  Plotinus and the Orient: aoristos dyas

Chapter  7:  Aristotelian commentary tradition

Chapter  8:  The non-commentary tradition

Chapter  9:  Plotinus’ style and argument

Chapter  10:  Proclus’ geometrical method

Chapter  11:  Metaphysics: the origin of becoming and the resolution of ignorance

Chapter  12:  The metaphysics of the One

Chapter  13:  Number in the metaphysical landscape

Chapter  14:  Substance

Chapter  15:  Matter and evil in the Neoplatonic tradition

Chapter  16:  The gift of Hermes: the Neoplatonists on language and philosophy

Chapter  17:  Neoplatonic epistemology: knowledge, truth and intellection

Chapter  18:  Iamblichus on soul

Chapter  19:  From Alexander of Aphrodisias to Plotinus

Chapter  20:  Metaphysics of soul and self in Plotinus

Chapter  21:  Perceptual awareness in the ancient commentators

Chapter  22:  Physics and metaphysics

Chapter  23:  Neoplatonism and medicine

Chapter  24:  Humans, other animals, plants and the question of the good: the Platonic and Neoplatonic traditions

Chapter  25:  Plotinus on metaphysics and morality

Chapter  26:  Plotinus on founding freedom in Ennead VI.8[39]

Chapter  27:  Freedom, providence and fate

Chapter  28:  Action, reasoning and the highest good

Chapter  29:  Political theory

Chapter  30:  Plotinus’ aesthetics: in defence of the lifelike

Chapter  31:  Neoplatonism and Christianity in the West

Chapter  32:  Neoplatonism and Christianity in the East: philosophical and theological challenges for bishops

Chapter  33:  Islamic and Jewish Neoplatonisms

Bibliography

Contributors

Index of Passages Cited

General Index

https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/doi/10.4324/9781315744186#.X19319iKo-4.gmail

(Editor’s text)