Soutenance de thèse d’Adrian Mihai intitulée : Ὁ ἐν οὐρανῷ ᾍδης. La naissance du Purgatoire dans l’Antiquité.

Le mardi 2 juillet à 9 h 30, EPHE, Immeuble le France, salle 123.

L’objectif de sa thèse a été de montrer que l’Hadès ouranien, comme un des lieux de l’au-delà, durant la période hellénistique et romaine, était surtout un lieu purgatoire, et n’a aucun rapport avec le soi-disant « Enfer céleste » duquel les spécialistes nous parlent depuis presqu’un siècle.

Sa thèse, structurée en quatre parties, présente deux parties qui nous intéressent particulièrement : la troisième partie, consacrée à la doctrine du Purgatoire selon Cicéron et Virgile et chez leurs interprètes néoplatoniciens, ainsi que dans l’hermétisme et le gnosticisme ; et la quatrième partie, où il est abordé la doctrine du Purgatoire dans le Oracles chaldaïques et dans les écrits de Proclus, particulièrement dans son Commentaire sur la République de Platon.

Pour une lecture de sa position de thèse : Position_de_thèse_Mihai

Les impondérables de l’hellénisation. Littérature d’hiérogrammates 

 

Derchain P., 2000

 

Table des matières :

Préface

I. Les impondérables de l’hellénisation

Les règles du jeu

Un conseiller de la première heure

Le zèle d’un néophyte ?

Un provincial hellénisé à la Cour de Philadelphe

Épigramme pour la mort d’un enfant

Pour finir

 

II. Littérature d’hiérogrammates

Traduction des témoignages

 

Éthique de la traduction

L’inscription du conseiller

L’inscription d’Horembeb

Les inscriptions de Sesoucheri

La statue de Qous

La statue de Coptos

L’épigramme de Pétosiris

Annexe : la stèle d’Isemkhetés

Notes

 

III. Textes hiéroglyphiques

Vienne 20 (d’après CAA)

CGC 1230 (D’après Borchardt/Daressy)

BM 1668 (avec l’autorisation gracieuse des Trustees du British Museum)

CGC 70031 (d’après Petrie)

Pétosiris 56 (d’après Lefebvre)

Philosophy and Salvation in Greek Religion

 

Ed. by Adluri, Vishwa

 

Ever since Vlastos’ “Theology and Philosophy in Early Greek Thought,” scholars have known that a consideration of ancient philosophy without attention to its theological, cosmological and soteriological dimensions remains onesided. Yet, philosophers continue to discuss thinkers such as Parmenides and Plato without knowledge of their debt to the archaic religious traditions. Perhaps our own religious prejudices allow us to see only a “polis religion” in Greek religion, while our modern philosophical openness and emphasis on reason induce us to rehabilitate ancient philosophy by what we consider the highest standard of knowledge: proper argumentation. Yet, it is possible to see ancient philosophy as operating according to a different system of meaning, a different “logic.” Such a different sense of logic operates in myth and other narratives, where the argument is neither completely illogical nor rational in the positivist sense. The articles in this volume undertake a critical engagement with this unspoken legacy of Greek religion. The aim of the volume as a whole is to show how, beyond the formalities and fallacies of arguments, something more profound is at stake in ancient philosophy: the salvation of the philosopher-initiate.

 

(Text by the editor)

 

Contents

 

Vishwa Adluri – Philosophy, Salvation, and the Mortal Condition

Miguel Herrero de Juregui – Salvation for the Wanderer: Odysseus, the Gold Leaves, and Empedocles

Arbogast Schmitt – Self-Determination and Freedom: The Relationship of God and Man in Homer. Translated by Joydeep Bagchee

Walter Burkert – Parmenides’ Proem and Pythagoras’ Descent. Translated by Joydeep Bagchee

Alberto Bernabé – Ὁ Πλάτων παρωιδεῖ τὰ Ὀρφέως Plato’s Transposition of Orphic Netherworld Imagery

Barbara Sattler – The Eleusinian Mysteries in Pre-Platonic Thought: Metaphor, Practice and Imagery for Plato’s Symposium

Stephen Menn – Plato’s Soteriology ?

Vishwa Adluri & John Lenz – From Politics to Salvation through Philosophy: Herodotus’ Histories and Plato’s Republic

John Bussanich – Rebirth Eschatology in Plato and Plotinus

Luc Brisson – Memory and the Soul’s Destiny in Plotinus. Translated by Michael Chase

Svetla Slaveva-Griffin – Between the Two Realms: Plotinus’ Pure Soul

John Finamore – Iamblichus, Theurgy, and the Soul’s Ascent

About the Contributors

Bibliography

Index of terms

Il est désormais disponible en ligne le PhilBrasil.

Il s’agit d’un répertoire bibliographique des travaux en philosophie inspiré du PhilPapers. Son principal objectif est de répertorier la philosophie brésilienne ainsi que les travaux sur l’histoire de la philosophie produite par des philosophes brésiliens et des travaux traduits en langue portugaise. Il est possible de faire une recherche par auteur, mot-clé, titre de l’article ou de la revue.

Plusieurs travaux sont déjà répertoriés dans la rubrique « Historia da Filosofia », onglet « Filosofia Antiga » : http://philbrasil.com.br/referencias/?idc=5&t=Filosofia antiga.

 

Mystical Monotheism: A Study in Ancient Platonic Theology

 

John Peter Kenney, 2010

 

In this engaging and provocative study, John Peter Kenney examines the emergence of monotheism within Greco-Roman philosophical theology by tracing the changing character of ancient realism from Plato through Plotinus. Besides acknowledging the philosophical and theological significance of such ancient thinkers as Plutarch, Numenius, Alcinous, and Atticus, he demonstrates the central importance of Plotinus in clarifying the relation of the intelligible world to divinity. Kenney focuses especially on Plotinus’s novel concept of deity, arguing that it constitutes a type of mystical monotheism based upon an ultimate and inclusive divine One beyond description or discursive knowledge.

Presenting difficult material with grace and clarity, Kenney takes a wide-ranging view of the development of ancient Platonic theology from a philosophical perspective and synthesizes familiar elements in a new way. His is a revisionist thesis with significant implications for the study of Greco-Roman, Jewish, and Christian thought in this period and for the history of Western religious thought in general.

(Text by the author)

 

Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

 

I The Foundations of Hellenic Monotheism

1 Degrees of Reality

2 Divine Ideas

3 The Emergence of Hellenic Monotheism

4 The Demiurgic Theology of Plutarch

5 Early Platonic Theism

 

II The Demotion of the Demiurge

1 Numenius and the Degrees of Divinity

2 The Didaskalikos of Alcinous

3 The Exemplarism of the Athenian School

4 Middle Platonic Theology

 

III The Mystical Monotheism of Plotinus

1 Divine Simplicity

2 Intellect and Ideas

3 Hid Divinity

 

Conclusion: Mystical Monotheism

Notes

Bibliography

Index

Religion in the Ancient Greek City 

 

Louise Bruit Zaidman  (Author), Pauline Schmitt Pantel (Author), Paul Cartledge (Translator), 2000

 

This book is an English translation of the French work La Religion Grecque. Its purpose is to consider how religious beliefs and cultic rituals were given expression in ancient Greece. The chapters cover first ritual and then myth, rooting the account in the practices of the classical city while also taking seriously the world of the imagination. For this edition the bibliography has been substantially revised to meet the needs of a mainly student, English-speaking readership. The book is enriched throughout by illustrations, and by quotations from original sources.

(Text by the authors)

 

Contents

List of illustrations

Author’s preface to the English translation

Translator’s introduction

List of sources

PART I – Introduction: How should we study Greek civic religion?

1 – The necessity of cultural estrangement

2 – Some fundamental notions

3 – Sources of evidence

PART II – Cult-practices

4 – Rituals

5 – Religious personnel

6 – Places of cult

7 – Rites of passage

8 – Settings of religious life

9 – Religion and political life

10 – The festival system: the Athenian case

11 – The Panhellenic cults

PART III – Systems for representing the divine

12 – Myths and mythology

13 – A polytheistic religion

14 – Forms of imaginative projection

PART IV – Envoi

15 – Concluding reflections

Appendixes

I – The classical Greek temple

II – The monuments of the Athenian Akropolis

Bibliography

Index

« Pagans and Christians in the Late Roman Empire : New Evidence, New Approches (4th-6th Centuries) »

Il aura lieu du 7 au 10 mars 2013 le colloque international  organisé par Marianne Sághy à l’University of Pécs.

Voici le programme :

Thursday March 7, 2013

CEU Budapest, Nádor utca 9, Popper Room

10:00-10:30 am  Marianne Sághy (Budapest) Welcome and Introductory Remarks: What’s new pagans and Christians? 

10:30-12:30 pm Cities, Sophists, Bishops
Chair:  Rita Lizzi Testa (Perugia)

Josef Rist (Bochum): Conversion in a late antique city: The Life of Bishop Porphyry of Gaza by Mark the Deacon
Raffaella Cribiore (New York): The sophist Libanius as a grey pagan
Wolf Liebeschuetz (Nottingham): A view from Cyrrhus: Theodoret’s ‘Affectionum graecarum curatio’
Samuel Provost (Nancy): Living side by side in a changing urban landscape: Christians, Pagans and Jews in Philippi (4th-6th centuries)

12:30-1:30 lunch break

1:30-3:00 pm  Religion and Philosophy
Chair: Marianne Sághy (Budapest)

Luciana Gabriela Soares Santoprete (Paris): Relations between philosophical and religious traditions at the beginning of the Christian era : two new digital research tools
Róbert Somos (Pécs): Sentences as elements of philosophia moralis: Adaptations of a pagan literary form in the Works of Rufinus of Aquileia
Maël Goarzin (Lausanne): Pagan and Christian biography in late antiquity: On the importance of practical life for pagan and Christian philosophers

3-3:30 Coffee break

3:30-5:00 pm Cohabitation and/or Conversion
Chair: Michele R. Salzman (Riverside)

Zsófia Buzádi-Sallai (Budapest): A pagan who converted and became bishop
Margarita Vallejo-Girvés (Alcalá): Empress Verina among the pagans
Miriam Adan Jones (Amsterdam): Conversion as convergence: Understanding Gregory the Great’s attitude toward pagan and Jewish influences in Anglo-Saxon Christianity

5:30-6:30 pm keynote lecture
CEU,  Budapest, Nádor utca 9, Auditorium

Chair: Wolf Liebeschuetz

Alan Cameron (New York): Were pagans afraid to speak their mind?

7:00 pm Buffet dinner

Friday March 8 CEU Budapest

10:00 -12:00 a.m Parallel sessions

Historical Perceptions
Popper Room

Chair: Hartwin Brandt (Bamberg)

Mar Marcos (Cantabria): Eusebius and Maximinus Daia
Anna Tóth (Budapest):  John Lydus as pagan and Christian
Juana Torres (Cantabria): Rhetoric and historical deformation: Marcus of Arethusa, heretic and martyr
Ecaterina Lung (Bucharest): Religious identity as seen by 6th-century historians and chroniclers

Pagan and Christian Burials
Gellner Room

Chair: Dino Milinovic (Zagreb)

Ivan Basic (Split): From Sepulcrum divi Diocletiani to Ecclesia gloriosae Virginis: New propositions on the Christianisation of Diocletian’s mausoleum in Spalato
Monica Hellström (Providence): Circiform funerary basilicas in Rome in the context of previous burial places
Olivér Gábor (Pécs): Pagan and Christian burial customs in Sopianae
Elizabeth O’Brien (Dublin): Impact beyond the Empire: Burial practices in Ireland (4th – 8th centuries)

Posters:

Claudia-Maria Behling (Vienna): Pagan garden to Christian paradise: Early Christianity in the eastern Transdanubian Region
Stefanie Hofbauer (Vienna): Finger rings from Antiquity to Christianity

12:00-1:00 pm lunch break

1:00 pm-3:00 pm: Religious Profiling
Popper Room

Chair: Maijastina Kahlos (Helsinki)

Jerome Lagouanère (Paris): The figure of ‘Paganus’ in the Works of Augustine of Hippo
Linda Honey (Calgary): Religious profiling in the Miracles of St. Thekla
Monika Pesthy Simon (Budapest): Martyres versus Pharmakoi
Volker Menze (Budapest): The dark side of holiness: Fear, punishment, death and Barsaumo ‘the Roasted’

3:00 pm-3:30 pm Coffee break

3:30-5:30 Social and Economic Relations – Civic Life
Popper Room

Chair: Josef Rist (Bochum)

Joseph Grzywaczewski (Paris): Sidonius Apollinaris’s pagan vision of Roma bellatrix in Christian Rome
Lucy Grig (Edinburgh): Late antique popular culture and the creation of “paganism”: the Case of the Kalends of January
Sofie Remijsen (Leuven): Christianizing the rhythm of life? Sundays in late antique papyri
Jaclyn Maxwell (Ohio): Social relations and status anxiety across religious divides in late antiquity

5:30 pm-6:00 pm Coffee break

6:00-8:00 pm Pagans, Christians and Material Culture:  Artistic Crossovers
Popper Room

Chair: Lucy Grig (Edinburgh)

Rita Lizzi Testa (Perugia): The Economy of pagan temples and Christian churches
Edward M. Schoolman (Nevada): Religious images and contexts: “Christian” and “pagan” terracotta lamps
Dino Milinović (Zagreb): Pagan, Christian, or “secular”? The problem of the silver plate
Steven D. Smith (New York): Pagan literary mimésis in Christian Constantinople: The devotional epigrams of Agathias’ s Cycle

Saturday March 9, 2013

Pécs/Sopianae, Late Antique Cemetery
Cella Septichora Visitor Center (Pécs, Szent István tér) 

1:00-3:00 pm The Archaeology of Christianisation
Chair: Zsolt Visy (Pécs)

Mustafa Şahin (Bursa): Myndos Rabbit Island (Tavşan Adası): from pagan sanctuary to Christian monastery
Branka Migotti (Zagreb): The cult of Sol Invictus and early Christianity in Southern Pannonia
Hristo Preshlenov (Sofia): Pagans and Christianisation along the South-West Black Sea Coast in the provinces of Scythia, Moesia Secunda and Haemimontos
Roy Flechner (Dublin): Economic change and conversion to Christianity in early medieval Britain and Ireland: consequence or coincidence?

3:00-4:00 pm Coffee break and poster exhibition

Zsolt Visy (Pécs): Sopianae and Valeria in the late Roman period
Levente Nagy (Pécs): Christian objects from Pannonia
István Lovász (Pécs): The northern cemetery of Sopianae in 3D
Marijana Vuković (Budapest/Oslo): Saint Irenaeus of Sirmium
Ferenc Fazekas (Pécs) – Antal Szabó (Paks): “Pagan” and Christian culture in Lussonium
Réka Neményi (Pécs): Early Christian cross-bow brooches
Francesca Diosono (Perugia): Pagani and peasants: the rural site of Villa San Silvestro di Cascia
Alessandra Bravi – Silvia Margutti (Perugia): Transformation of sacred spaces:  Constantinople and the Eastern Empire
Roy Flechner (Dublin): Converting the Isles

4:00-5:00 pm Concluding remarks
Chair: Danielle Slootjes (Nijmegen)

Michele R. Salzman (Riverside)

5:00-6:30 pm The Late Antique Cemetery of Sopianae
with guides Zsolt Visy, Levente Nagy and Olivér Gábor

6:30-7:30 pm closing lecture
Chair: Alan Cameron (New York)

Hartwin Brandt (Bamberg): Constantine and Rome – between pagans and Christians

8:00 pm Dinner
Restaurant Pezsgőház, Pécs, Szent István tér

Conference coordinators:
Johanna Rákos-Zichy: eruntale@gmail.com
Andrea-Bianka Znorovszky: Znorovszky_Andrea-Bianka@ceu-budapest.edu.

Special thanks to Attila Üveges and the Zsolnay Örökségkezelő Nonprofit Kft. Pécs

Greek Thought

A Guide to Classical Knowledge

 

Edited by Jacques Brunschwig and Geoffrey E. R. Lloyd; Translated by Catherine Porter, 2000

 

Ancient Greek thought is the essential wellspring from which the intellectual, ethical, and political civilization of the West draws and to which, even today, we repeatedly return. In more than sixty essays by an international team of scholars, this volume explores the full breadth and reach of Greek thought — investigating what the Greeks knew as well as what they thought about what they knew, and what they believed, invented, and understood about the conditions and possibilities of knowing. Calling attention to the characteristic reflexivity of Greek thought, the analysis in this book reminds us of what our own reflections owe to theirs.

In sections devoted to philosophy, politics, the pursuit of knowledge, major thinkers, and schools of thought, this work shows us the Greeks looking at themselves, establishing the terms for understanding life, language, production, and action. The authors evoke not history, but the stories the Greeks told themselves about history; not their poetry, but their poetics; not their speeches, but their rhetoric. Essays that survey political, scientific, and philosophical ideas, such as those on Utopia and the Critique of Politics, Observation and Research, and Ethics; others on specific fields from Astronomy and History to Mathematics and Medicine; new perspectives on major figures, from Anaxagoras to Zeno of Elea; studies of core traditions from the Milesians to the various versions of Platonism: together these offer a sense of the unquenchable thirst for knowledge that marked Greek civilization—and that Aristotle considered a natural and universal trait of humankind. With thirty-two pages of color illustrations, this work conveys the splendor and vitality of the Greek intellectual adventure.

(Text by the editors)

 

Contents:

 

Translators’ Note

Introduction: On Home Ground in a Distant Land

Maps

Philosophy

The Philosopher

Images of the World

Myth and Knowledge

The Question of Being

Epistemology

Ethics

Politics

The Statesman As Political Actor

Inventing Politics

Utopia and the Critique of Politics

The Sage and Politics

The Pursuit of Knowledge

Schools and Sites of Learning

Observation and Research

Demonstration and the Idea of Science

Astronomy

Cosmology

Geography

Harmonics

History

Language

Logic

Mathematics

Medicine

Physics

Poetics

Rhetoric

Technology

Theology and Divination

Theories of Religion

Major Figures

Anaxagoras

Antisthenes

Archimedes

Aristotle

Democritus

Epicurus

Euclid

Galen

Heraclitus

Herodotus

Hippocrates

Parmenides

Plato

Plotinus

Plutarch

Polybius

Protagoras

Ptolemy

Pyrrhon

Socrates

Thucydides

Xenophon

Zeno

Currents of Thought

The Academy

Aristotelianism

Cynicism

Hellenism and Christianity

Hellenism and Judaism

The Milesians

Platonism

Pythagoreanism

Skepticism

Sophists

Stoicism

Chronology

Contributors

Illustration Sources

Index

Ancient Mediterranean Philosophy. An Introduction

 

Stephen Clark, 2013

 

Although the Greeks were responsible for the first systematic philosophy of which we have any record, they were not alone in the Mediterranean world and were happy to draw inspiration from other traditions; traditions that are now largely neglected by philosophers and scholars. This book tells the story of ‘Greek Philosophy’, paying due attention to its historical context and the contributions made by Egyptians, Hebrews, Persians and even barbarians from northern Europe. Stephen Clark provides a narrative history of the philosophical traditions that took shape over several centuries in the Mediterranean world and offers a comprehensive survey of this crucial period in the history of philosophy.

The book includes a thorough historical and philosophical overview of all the key thinkers, events and ideas that characterized the period and explores in detail central themes such as the contest of gods and giants, the contrast between the reality and appearance, and the idea of the philosopher. Ideal for undergraduate students, this concise and accessible book provides a comprehensive guide to a fascinating period in the history of philosophy.

(Text by the author)

 

Table of contents

 

Preface

Acknowledgements

Map

1. Beginnings

2. Influence from Outside

3. Inspired Thinkers

4. Travellers and Stay-at-Homes

5. Divine Plato

6. The Aristotelian Synthesis

7. Living the Philosophical Life

8. Ordinary and Supernatural Lives

9. Late Antiquity

10. An End and a Beginning

Endnotes

Recommended Reading

Works Cited

Index

Christians, Gnostics and Philosophers in Late Antiquity

 

Mark Edwards, 2012

 

Gnosticism, Christianity and late antique philosophy are often studied separately; when studied together they are too often conflated. These articles set out to show that we misunderstand all three phenomena if we take either approach. We cannot interpret, or even identify, Christian Gnosticism without Platonic evidence; we may even discover that Gnosticism throws unexpected light on the Platonic imagination. At the same time, if we read writers like Origen simply as Christian Platonists, or bring Christians and philosophers together under the porous umbrella of « monotheism », we ignore fundamental features of both traditions. To grasp what made Christianity distinctive, we must look at the questions asked in the studies here, not merely what Christians appropriated but how it was appropriated. What did the pagan gods mean to a Christian poet of the fifth century? What did Paul quote when he thought he was quoting Greek poetry? What did Socrates mean to the Christians, and can we trust their memories when they appeal to lost fragments of the Presocratics? When pagans accuse the Christians of moral turpitude, do they know more or less about them than we do? What divides Augustine, the disenchanted Platonist, from his Neoplatonic contemporaries? And what God or gods await the Neoplatonist when he dies?

(Text by the author)

 

Contents:

 

Preface

Part I Christians and Pagans in Dispute: Quoting Aratus: Acts 17.28

Some early Christian immoralities

Justin’s logos and the word of God

Satire and verisimilitude: Christianity in Lucian’s Peregrinus

Xenophanes Christianus?

Pagan and Christian monotheism in the age of Constantine

Notes on the date and venue of the Oration to the Saints

Dracontius the African and the fate of Rome.

Part II Gnostic Thought and its Milieu: Gnostics and Valentians in the church fathers

Neglected texts in the study of Gnosticism

Pauline Platonism: the myth of Valentinus

The tale of Cupid and Psyche

Porphyry’s Cave of the Nymphs and the Gnostic controversy

Part III Christianity and the Platonic Tradition: Socrates and the early Church’ Origen’s Platonism: questions and caveats

Ammonius, teacher of Origen

Birth, death and divinity in Porphyry’s Life of Plotinus

Porphyry and the intelligible triad

The figure of love in Augustine and in Proclus the neoplatonist

Index