The Oxford Handbook of Hellenic Studies


de George Boys-Stones (Sous la direction de), Barbara Graziosi (Sous la direction de), Phiroze Vasunia  (Sous la direction de)


The Oxford Handbook of Hellenic Studies is a unique collection of some seventy articles which together explore the ways in which ancient Greece has been, is, and might be studied. It is intended to inform its readers, but also, importantly, to inspire them, and to enable them to pursue their own research by introducing the primary resources and exploring the latest agenda for their study. The emphasis is on the breadth and potential of Hellenic Studies as a flourishing and exciting intellectual arena, and also upon its relevance to the way we think about ourselves today. The book provides comprehensive guidance in areas such as epigraphy, numismatics, and manuscript studies.

(Text by the editors)




Front Matter

The Oxford Handbook of Hellenic Studies



List of Contributors



Part I – Hellenes and Hellenisms


Hellenism and Modernity – James I. Porter

Indigenous Hellenisms/Indigenous Modernities: Classical Antiquity, Materiality, and Modern Greek Society – Yannis Hamilakis

Near Eastern Perspectives on the Greeks – Robert Rollinger

Colonies and Colonization – De Angelis Franco

The Athenian Empire – Low Polly

Alexander the Great – Briant Pierre

Hellenistic Culture – Susan Stephens

Roman Perspectives on the Greeks – Barchiesi Alessandro

Greece and Rome – Whitmarsh Tim

Hebraism and Hellenism – Gruen Erich S.

The Greek Heritage in Islam – Strohmaier Gotthard

Hellenism in the Renaissance – Celenza Christopher S.

Hellenism in the Enlightenment – Cartledge Paul

Ideologies of Hellenism – Canfora Luciano


Part II – The Polis


The Polis – Redfield James

Civic Institutions – Forsdyke Sara

Economy and Trade – Von Reden Sitta

War and Society – Hunt Peter

Urban Landscape and Architecture – Osborne Robin

The City as Memory – Ma John

Ancient Concepts of Personal Identity – Gill Christopher

The Politics of the Sumposion – Hobden Fiona

Coming of Age, Peer Groups, and Rites of Passage – Calame Claude

Friendship, Love, and Marriage – Cantarella Eva

Sexuality and Gender – McClure Laura

Slavery – Dubois Page

Ethnic Prejudice and Racism – Isaac Benjamin

Maritime Identities – Ayodeji Kim

Travel and Travel Writing – Pretzler Maria

Religion – Kindt Julia

Games and Festivals – König Jason

Just Visiting: The Mobile World of Classical Athens – Dougherty Carol

Greek Political Theory – Rowe Christopher


Part III – Performance and Texts


Performance and Text in Ancient Greece – Nagy Gregory

Books and Literacy – Rösler Wolfgang

Epic Poetry – Haubold Johannes

Lyric Poetry – Capra Andrea

Tragedy – Taplin Oliver

Comedy – Konstan David

Historiography – Dewald Carolyn

Oratory – Rubinstein Lene

Low Philosophy – Desmond William D.

High Philosophy – Baltzly Dirk

Magic – Collins Derek

Medicine – Holmes Brooke

Music – Rocconi Eleonora

The Exact Sciences – Netz Reviel

Hellenistic Poetry – Sens Alexander

Biography – Pelling Christopher

The Novel – Nimis Stephen A.

Performance, Text, and the History of Criticism – Ford Andrew L.


Part IV – Methods and Approaches


Comparative Approaches to the Study of Culture – Lloyd G. E. R.

Postcolonialism – Greenwood Emily

Demography and Sociology – Scheidel Walter

Myth, Mythology, and Mythography – Bremmer Jan N.

Gender Studies – Skinner Marilyn B.

Comparative Philology and Linguistics – Probert Philomen

Epigraphy – Rhodes P. J.

Archaeology – Whitley James

Numismatics – Meadows Andrew

Manuscript Studies – Tchernetska Natalie

Papyrology – Armstrong David

Textual Criticism – Battezzato Luigi

Commentaries – Graziosi Barbara

Psychoanalysis – Bowlby Rachel

Translation Studies – Lianeri Alexandra

Film Studies – Michelakis Pantelis

Reception – Leonard Miriam


End Matter

Name Index

Subject Index

The Origins of the Platonic System

Platonisms of the Early Empire and their Philosophical Contexts


Editors:  Bonazzi M., Opsomer J., 2009


From the 1st century BC onwards followers of Plato began to systematize Plato’s thought. These attempts went in various directions and were subjected to all kinds of philosophical influences, especially Aristotelian, Stoic, and Pythagorean. The result was a broad variety of Platonisms without orthodoxy. That would only change with Plotinus. This volume, being the fruit of the collaboration among leading scholars in the field, addresses a number of aspects of this period of system building with substantial contributions on Antiochus and Alcinous and their relation to Stoicism; on Pythagoreanising tendencies in Platonism; on Eudorus and the tradition of commentaries on Aristotle’s Categories; on the creationism of the Jewish Platonist Philo of Alexandria; on Ammonius, the Egyptian teacher of Plutarch; on Plutarch’s discussion of Socrates’ guardian spirit. The contributions are in English, French, Italian and German.

(Text by the editors)





Mauro Bonazzi, Jan Opsomer


Thomas BÉNATOUÏL, Qewría et vie contemplative du stoïcisme au platonisme: Chrysippe, Panétius, Antiochus et Alcinoos

Mauro BONAZZI, Antiochus’ Ethics and the Subordination of Stoicism

Gregor STAAB, Das Kennzeichen des neuen Pythagoreismus innerhalb der kaiserzeitlichen Platoninterpretation: „Pythagoreischer“ Dualismus und Einprinzipienlehre im Einklang

Riccardo CHIARADONNA, Autour d’Eudore: Les débuts de l’exégèse des Catégories dans le Moyen Platonisme

Franco TRABATTONI, Philo, De opificio mundi, 7-12

Jan OPSOMER, M. Annius Ammonius, a Philosophical Profile

Pierluigi DONINI, Il silenzio di Epaminonda, i demoni e il mito: il platonismo di Plutarco nel De genio Socratis




The Ascent to the Good


Edited by Franciso L. Lisi, 2007.


Praised and condemned by totalitarians and democrats, liberals, fascists and communists, progressives and conservatives, Plato’s Republic is one of the most influential writings in the history of political ideas. In its central books the philosopher puts in the mouth of Socrates the principles of its challenging political construction.

The defense of the philosophical government in Plato’s Republic reveals the necessity of distinguishing true philosophers from false ones. This issue leads to the central question of the Good, the principle that constitutes the foundation of philosophical knowledge and of political activity. Once this principle has been introduced, the subsequent question turns on the education of the philosophers, which occupies Book VII.

The present volume contains contributions to the main issues developed in Books V-VII of the Republic, on which the attention of scholarship in the past 100 years has focused, practical philosophy, metaphysics, dialectics, and the question of the Good.

(Text by the editor)





  1. The foundations of politics in the central books of the Republic – Francisco L. Lisi


Part I Philosophical Government and Education

  1. Politici e filosofi sulla nave della città – Silvia Gastaldi
  2. Elementi di una fenomenologia della massa nella Repubblica di Platone – Marco Russo
  3. Physis in Republic V 471c – VII 541b – Gottfried Heinemann
  4. Cultivating Intellectual Virtue in Plato’s Philosopher-Rulers – John Cleary
  5. L’innovazione platonica nell’allegoria della caverna – Silvia Campese


Part II Being and Dialectics

  1. ΕΙΝΑΙ, ΟΥΣΙΑ e ΟΝ nei libri centrali della Repubblica – Francesco Fronterotta
  2. Glaucone e i misteri della dialettica – Mario Vegetti


Part III The Good

  1. L’analogia solare del VI libro della Repubblica – Francesca Calabi
  2. La potenza del “Buono” – Franco Ferrari
  3. The Form of the Good – Francisco L. Lisi
  4. El sembrador divino (phutourgós) – Luc Brisson
  5. L’interpretazione del Bene nella Dissertazione XI del Commento alla Repubblica di Proclo – Michelle Abbatte



Index locorum

Body and Soul in Ancient Philosophy


Ed. by Frede, Dorothea / Reis, Burkhard, 2009


The problem of body and soul has a long history that can be traced back to the beginnings of Greek culture. The existential question of what happened to the soul at the moment of death, whether and in what form there is life after death, and of the exact relationship between body and soul was answered in different ways in Greek philosophy, from the early days to Late Antiquity. The contributions in this volume not only do justice to the breadth of the topic, they also cover the entire period from the Pre-Socratics to Late Antiquity. Particular attention is paid to Plato, Aristotle and Hellenistic philosophers, that is the Stoics and the Epicureans.






1. Presocratics


Carl Huffman – The Pythagorean conception of the soul from Pythagoras to Philolaus

Christian Schäfer – Das Pythagorasfragment des Xenophanes und die Frage nach der Kritik der Metempsychosenlehre

Brad Inwood – Empedocles and metempsychüsis: The critique of Diogenes of Oenoanda

Anthony A. Long – Heraclitus on measure and the explicit emergence of rationality

Georg Rechenauer – Demokrits Seelenmodell und die Prinzipien der atomistischen Physik


2. Plato

David Sedley – Three kinds of Platonic immortality

Michael Erler – „Denn mit Menschen sprechen wir und nicht mit Göttern“. Platonische und epikureische epimeleia tês psychês

Gyburg Radke-Uhlmann – Die energeia des Philosophen – zur Einheit von literarischem Dialog und philosophischer Argumentation in Platons Phaidon

Jan Szaif – Die aretê des Leibes: Die Stellung der Gesundheit in Platons Güterlehre


3. Aristotle

Günther Patzig – Körper und Geist bei Aristoteles – zum Problem des Funktionalismus

Christopher Shields – The priority of soul in Aristotle’s De anima: Mistaking categories?

David Charles – Aristotle on desire and action

Friedemann Buddensiek – Aristoteles’ Zirbeldrüse? Zum Verhältnis von Seele und pneuma in Aristoteles’ Theorie der Ortsbewegung der Lebewesen

Ursula Wolf – Aporien in der aristotelischen Konzeption des Beherrschten und des Schlechten


4. Academy

John Dillon – How does the soul direct the body, after all? Traces of a dispute on mind-body relations in the Old Academy


5. Hellenism

Keimpe Algra – Stoics on souls and demons: Reconstructing Stoic demonology

Tad Brennan – Stoic souls in Stoic corpses

Christopher Gill – Galen and the Stoics: What each could learn from the other about embodied psychology

Martha C. Nussbaum – Philosophical norms and political attachments: Cicero and Seneca


6. Philosophers of Early Christianity

Jonathan Barnes – Anima Christiana

Therese Fuhrer – Der Geist im vollkommenen Körper. Ein Gedankenexperiment in Augustins De civitate dei 22

Theo Kobush – Die Auferstehung des Leibes


Plutarch in the Religious and Philosophical Discourse of Late Antiquity

(Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition #14)


Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta (Editor), Israel Muñoz Gallarte (Editor), 2012


The works of Plutarch, notably his Moralia, provide us with exceptional evidence to reconstruct the spiritual and intellectual atmosphere of the first centuries CE. As a priest of Apollo at Delphi, Plutarch was a first range witness of ancient religious experience; as a Middle Platonist, he was also actively involved in the developments of the philosophical school. Besides, he also provided a more detached point of view both regarding numerous religious practices and currents that were permeating the building of ancient pagan religion and the philosophical views of other schools. His combining the insider and the sensitive observer s perspectives make Plutarch a crucial starting point for the understanding of the religious and philosophical discourse of Late Antiquity.

(Text by the editors)




Preliminary Material – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta and Israel Muñoz Gallarte

Introduction: Plutarch at the Crossroads of Religion and Philosophy – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta

Plutarch on the Sleeping Soul and the Waking Intellect and Aristotle’s Double Entelechy Concept – Abraham P. Bos

The Doctrine of the Passions: Plutarch, Posidonius and Galen – Francesco Becchi

The Adventitious Motion of the Soul (Plu., De Stoic. repugn. 23, 1045B–F) and the Controversy between Aristo of Chios and the Middle Academy – Raúl Caballero

Plutarch and “Pagan Monotheism” – Frederick E. Brenk

Socrates and Alcibiades: A Notorious σχάυδαλου in the Later Platonist Tradition – Geert Roskam

Salt in the Holy Water: Plutarch’s Quaestiones Naturales in Michael Psellus’ De omnifaria doctrina – Michiel Meeusen

Iacchus in Plutarch – Ana Isabel Jiménez San Cristóbal

Plutarch’s Idea of God in the Religious and Philosophical Context of Late Antiquity – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta

Plutarch as Apollo’s Priest at Delphi – Angelo Casanova

Plutarch’s Attitude towards Astral Biology – Aurelio Pérez Jiménez

“Cicalata sul fascino volgarmente detto jettatura”: Plutarch, Quaestio convivalis 5.7 – Paola Volpe Cacciatore

The Eleusinian Mysteries and Political Timing in the Life of Alcibiades – Delfim F. Leão

Mυτηριώδης θεολοΥία: Plutarch’s fr. 157 Sandbach between Cultual Traditions and Philosophical Models – Rosario Scannapieco

A Non-Fideistic Interpretation of « pistis » in Plutarch’s Writings: The Harmony Between « pistis » and Knowledge – George van Kooten

The Colors of the Souls – Israel Muñoz Gallarte

Bibliography – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta and Israel Muñoz Gallarte

Index locorum – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta and Israel Muñoz Gallarte

Index rerum – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta and Israel Muñoz Gallarte

Index nominum – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta and Israel Muñoz Gallarte

The Middle Platonists: 80 B.C. to A.D. 220 


John M. Dillon  (Author), 1977


Table of Contents

1 The Old Academy and the Themes of Middle Platonism
2 Antiochus of Ascalon: The Turn to Dogmatism
3 Platonism at Alexandria: Eudorus and Philo
4 Plutarch of Chaeroneia and the Origins of Second-Century Platonism
5 The Athenian School in the Second Century A.D.
6 The ‘School of Gaius’: Shadow and Substance
7 The Neopythagoreans
8 Some Loose Ends
General Index
Index of Platonic Passages
Modern Authorities Quoted

Dans un précédant billet, Helmut Seng a annoncé le colloque sur les Oracles Théologiques à Frankfurt en juillet 2012. Un compte-rendu de ce colloque est sorti le 25/07/2012 dans le Frankfurter Allgemeinen Zeitung.

Pour lire le reportage cliquez ici : Orakel_25_07_12

Platonism and Forms of Intelligence


Ed. by Dillon, John / Zovko, Marie-Elise, 2012


The volume contains a collection of papers presented at the International Symposium, which took place in Hvar, Croatia, in 2006. In recent years there has been an upsurge of interest in the study of Plato, Platonism and Neoplatonism. Taking the position that it is of vital importance to establish an ongoing dialogue among scientists, artists, academics, theologians and philosophers concerning pressing issues of common interest to humankind, this collection of papers endeavours to bridge the gap between contemporary research in Platonist philosophy and other fields where insights gained from the study of Plato and Platonist philosophy can be of consequence and benefit.

(Text by the editors)




  1. Platonism and the Physical and Sensible Conditions of Intelligence.

The Origin and Nature of Intelligence – Doner, Jonathan

Embodying Intelligence: Animals and Us in Plato’s Timaeus – Carpenter, Amber

The Question of Platonic Division and Modern Epistemology – Kaldis, Byron

Intelligenza e Intelligibilità nel Timeo di Platone – Ferrari, Franco


  1. Platonism and the Ethical Nature of Intelligence.

Irony and the Care of the Soul in Plato’s Early Dialogues – Zovko, Jure

Stepping into the Same Rivers: Consciousness, Personal Identity and the Metaphysical Foundations for Global Ethics – / Kolak, Daniel


  1. Platonism on the Intelligent Conditions of Intelligence and Intelligibility.

Thinking about Thought. An Inquiry into the Life of Platonism – de Haas, F. A. J.

Zum Begriff des ‚Geistes‘ in der Frühen Neuzeit. Überlegungen am Beispiel Francesco Patrizi da Chersos – Leinkauf, Thomas

Reminiscence in Plato – Brisson, Luc

Platonismo e scienze della mente: cosa è l’intuizione? – Fronterotta, Francesco


  1. Platonism on Intellect, Infinity, and the Intelligibility of Concepts of God.

The Notion of Infinity in Plotinus and Cantor – Mentzeniotis, Dionysis / Stamatellos, Giannis

Nous: Unity in Difference – Beierwaltes, Werner

The One of the Soul and the ‘Flower of the Intellect’. Models of Hyper-intellection in Later Neoplatonism – Dillon, John

The Influence of Platonism on St. Thomas Aquina’s Concept of Mind – Quinn, Patrick

Liberté divine chez Plotin et Jamblique (Traité 39 [VI 8] 7, 11-15 et De mysteriis III, 17-20) – Narbonne, Jean-Marc


  1. Platonism and Forms of Intelligence in Art and Education.

Intelligible Beauty and Artistic Creation: The Renaissance Platonism of Judah Abravanel – Hughes, Aaron

La liberté est dans la mémoire: Zur Notwendigkeit des auswendigen Spiels am Beispiel der Werke von Alexander Skrjabin – Stoupel, Vladimir

The Way Up and the Way Back is the Same: The Ascent of Cognition in Plato’s Analogies of the Sun, the Line and the Cave and the Path Intelligence Takes – Zovko, Marie-Élise

Panel « Neoplatonism and Gnosticism » at the International Society of Neoplatonic Studies Tenth International Conference

Du 20 au 24 juin 2012 s’est tenu le ISNS Tenth International Conference à l’Università di Cagliari, Facoltà di Lettere e Filosofia, en Italie (pour les informations concernant le colloque :

Le panel « Neoplatonism and Gnosticism » dirigé par Dylan Burns ( et Luciana Soares ( a été consacré exclusivement à la thématique de ce carnet. Voici l’argumentaire de ce panel : « Any paper that deals with the relationship between Neoplatonic and Gnostic thought will be considered. Sample topics could include the influence of Neoplatonic ideas and terminology on Gnostic literature (or Gnostic influence on Neoplatonism), clash and controversy between Platonic and Gnostic thinkers, comparison of Neoplatonic theurgy and Gnostic divinization, comparison of Gnostic and Neoplatonic approaches to myth, etc. Papers on ‘Gnosis’ in its wider sense, covering a range of esoteric Platonism (e.g. Hermetica, Chaldaean Oracles, etc.), are also welcome ».

Speakers’ name, affiliation, and paper title:

    1. Luciana Gabriela Soares Santoprete(LabEx HASTEC/CNRS-Centre Jean Pépin, Paris), “Comprendre les liens entre philosophie et gnosticisme : l’apport de nouvelles ressources numériques.” 
    2. John D. Turner (U.Nebraska,Lincoln), “Prenoetic and Hypernoetic Interhypostatic Processes in the Metaphysics of the Chaldaean Oracles and Select Gnostic Sources.”
  1. Email addresses of the speakers:
  2. Abstracts:

1. Luciana Gabriela Soares Santoprete:

Dans cette communication nous visons présenter le projet « Philosophie et gnosticisme : base de données et répertoire bibliographique » qui depuis novembre dernier est en cours d’élaboration sous ma direction dans le cadre du CNRS – Centre Jean Pépin avec le soutien du LabEX – HASTEC. Ce projet vise à résoudre les problèmes épistémologiques de la recherche actuelle concernant les rapports entre les pensées plotinienne et gnostiques en réalisant une base de données et un répertoire bibliographique où seront rassemblés l’ensemble des travaux afférents, explorés systématiquement les parallèles thématiques et lexicaux entre ces pensées, analysés les principaux termes, thèmes et textes jusqu’à présent étudiés, la reprise et/ou l’originalité des arguments des spécialistes au cours de l’histoire intellectuelle et les raisons historiques de leurs approches. Ces deux instruments de travail inédits fourniront ainsi une « cartographie » de l’histoire des études sur les liens entre philosophie et gnosticisme et offriront à la communauté scientifique la possibilité de réaliser des recherches croisées entre les corpus philosophiques et gnostiques portant sur le vocabulaire, les doctrines etla bibliographie. Ilscontribueront donc à faire avancer les recherches et à ouvrir également des nouvelles perspectives dans la recherche philosophique sur le débat qui animait non-chrétiens et chrétiens dans l’Antiquité.

2. John D. Turner:

This paper will examine the phenomenon of transcendental acts of knowing in the ontogenetic deployment from and contemplative reintegration of phenomenal reality (and the human self) into its precosmic origin as presented in the Chaldaean Oracles, the anonymous Parmenides Commentary, the Sethian Platonizing treatises and other select Gnostic sources such as Eugnostos the Blessed and the Simonian Megalʼ Apophasis. Specific topics of examination will be the notion of the « flowers » of fire and of mind in the Oracles, the ingenerate « fire » of the Apophasis, and, in the Sethian treatises and the Anonymous Commentary, the noetic triad and the phenomenon of « pre-thinking. » It will also be suggested that these phenomena may be speculative developments from pre-Socratic theories about primordial fire and cosmogenesis through primordial fission, condensation and rarefaction, and later Stoic theories about tensile motion.

Malheureusement Adrian Mihai, EPHE/UdeM, Paris/Montreal (Le concept de tolma chez Plotin et les gnostiques) et Izabela Jurasz, Centre Leon Robin (UMR 8061), Paris (Courants philosophiques dans les Discours contre Bardesane d’Ephrem le Syrien), initialement inscrits pour ce panel n’ont pas pu nous rejoindre.

Un autre panel qui nous a intéressé directement a été celui de Kevin Corrigan et Jean-Marc Narbonne intitulé « Plotinus and the Gnostics » qui a eu pour argumentaire : « This panel welcomes all contributions concerning the connection of the philosophy of Plotinus and Gnostic sources. We especially encourage any contributions that highlight the philosophical and textual aspects of this connection, with reference to particular passages and intellectual developments, but will also readily accept any broader perspective concerning its cultural or social dimensions. ».

Philosophy as a Rite of Rebirth: From Ancient Egypt to Neoplatonism 


Algis Uzdavinys (Author), 2008


Philosophy as a Rite of Rebirth challenges our understanding of philosophy – indeed it challenges many centuries of assumptions which have reduced othodox philosophy to a shadow of its original.Uzdavinys returns to the very roots of philosophy in Ancient Egypt, and shows why the Greeks revered that land of pyramids and priest-kings as the source of divine wisdom. Bringing his understanding of many great traditions of philosophy – Indian, Islamic, Greek, and others – he presents the case for considering philosophy as a human participation in a theophany, or divine drama. Casting aside the unnatural limitations of modern philosophy, as well as the grave misunderstandings of Egyptologists, radical and exciting possibilities emerge for the serious philosopher. These possibilities will certainly change our view of the universe in general, but most particularly our view of ourselves. The Rebirth of the title is one that implies an expansion of consciousness both upwards towards the divine heights of reality, and outwards to embrace the whole of creation as a living image of the gods. The exercises of philosophy thus move from the rational to the intuitive, onward to pure contemplation and, ultimately, to a god-like energy in the divine drama.

(Text by the author)


Table of Contents





  1. Philosophy and the Eternal Wonder
  2. Learning to Live and Learning to Die
  3. Ancient Practices of Wisdom
  4. The True Ancient Philosophy and the Way of Pious Living
  5. Understanding of Ancient Philosophy by Porphyry and Augustine
  6. From the Egyptian Soil to Hellas
  7. Translatability of Divine Names in Ancient Civilizations
  8. Heracles and Philosophical Ascent
  9. From Akhenaten to Thales
  10. Thales and the Egyptian Myths
  11. Water as Metaphysical Principle and Divine Substance
  12. Metaphysical Meaning of Ancient Mythologies
  13. Pythagorean Numbers and their Paradigms
  14. Standing on the Solar Barque
  15. Celestial Nile as the Cause of Geometry
  16. The Apollonian Road to Rebirth
  17. Philosophy as Divine Mystagogy and Beneficial Madness
  18. Philosophy and the Power of Faith: Towards the Final Union



  1. On the Back of the Heavenly Cow
  2. Proteus and the Egyptian Wisdom
  3. Allegorical Myths and Philosophy in the Temples
  4. Porphyry De abstinentia IV.6-9
  5. Sacred Animals, Philosophers, and Cosmic Numbers
  6. Hieratic Powers and Symbols of the Ineffable Father
  7. Philosophical Life of the Egyptian Priests
  8. Proximity of the Gods and the Bau of Amun
  9. Perfumes, Images, and Contemplations
  10. Divine Knowledge and Paradigms for Philosophical Mysteries
  11. Priests and Spiritual Guides
  12. Egyptian Scribes and the Way of Imhotep
  13. Amenhotep and Theology of Amun



  1. The Ramesside Icon and Three Hypostases of Plotinus
  2. Back to One‟s Native Star
  3. Archetypal Foundation of Hieroglyphic Signs and Colours
  4. Divine Ideas and Symbols
  5. Symbolic Interpretation of Hieroglyphic Script
  6. Return to the Golden Age and Paradigms to be Imitated
  7. Hieratic Myths and Symbols
  8. All Things and All Hieroglyphs
  9. Ancient Theories of Ideas
  10. Proclus ‟ Conception of Divine Forms and Unities



  1. From Eidology to Metaphysics of Being and Beyond-Being
  2. Hierarchy of Priority and Posteriority
  3. Indivisible and Divisible Being
  4. The One as Foundation of Being
  5. Incomprehensible Divine Unities
  6. Images of Divine Light
  7. The One and Many according to Egyptians
  8. Levels of Being and Non-being
  9. The Lord of Totality and His Magic
  10. Cosmogonical and Ontological Principles
  11. Invisible God and His Theophanies



  1. Depreciation of Hieratic Rites
  2. Rituals and Sacred Masks
  3. Climbing to the Divine State
  4. Cosmos and the Sacred Harmony of Strings
  5. On the Wing of Thoth: the Theurgic Way of Ra
  6. Divine Triads in Egyptian and Neoplatonic Thought
  7. Theurgic Assimilation to the Gods
  8. Deification through the Eye of Horus
  9. Spiritual Teachers and Sacred Masters
  10. Radiant Power of Names and Flight to the Throne
  11. Theurgic Union with the Divine Principle
  12. Intellect of the Father and His Cosmic Drama
  13. Elevating Powers in the Pharaonic State-Body
  14. The Perfect Man who Slew the Lords
  15. Theurgic Rites and Sacramental Theologies



  1. Sacred Images and Idols
  2. Vehicles of Divine Forces
  3. The Living Images of Everlasting Gods
  4. Animation as Ritual of Union with the Descending Rays of Ra
  5. Opening of the Mouth and Awakening to Light
  6. The Sacramental Birth of Statues in Mesopotamia and Egypt
  7. The Way of the Golden Falcon
  8. When the Womb-like Tomb is Opened
  9. Divine Beauty and the Inner Golden Statue: From Egyptian Theology to Plotinus



  1. Philosophy in the Tomb-Sanctuary
  2. The Tomb as a Threshold of Light
  3. Sacrificial Alchemy of Tombs and Altars
  4. Alchemical Passage through Death
  5. Mummification and Dialectic
  6. Musicians, Lovers, and Philosophers
  7. Divine Knowledge and Theurgic Prayers
  8. Intellect as the Spirit of Light
  9. The Osirian Initiation and Separation from the Mortal Body
  10. Resurrection of the Golden Phoenix
  11. Two Ways of theAmduat 
  12. The Union of Osiris and Ra
  13. The Inner Alchemical Work and Return to Itself
  14. Metaphysics of the Heart
  15. Understanding of Soul and Body
  16. The Homecoming of Odysseus
  17. From the Homeric Ghost to the Immortal Soul of Plato
  18. Reawakening of Intellect and Rehabilitation of Images