Der Mittelplatonismus 

by Clemens Zintzen (Editor), 1981


Comme les autres volumes de la collection, celui-ci reproduit des études de divers auteurs qui étaient disséminées dans plusieurs ouvrages on revues et qui, réunies, présentent les divers aspects d’une question. Il s’agit dans le cas présent de l’histoire du platonisme depuis le Ie. siècle avant J.-C. jusqu’au IIe. après. Toutes sont en allemand, qu’elles aient été écrites dans cette langue ou traduites pour la circonstance.  Le choix de Cl. Zintzen est intéressant: les travaux qu’il a retenus comptent effectivement parmi les meilleurs ou les plus significatifs sur le sujet; ils concernent Eudore (J. M. Dillon); Philon (P. Boyancé et W. Theiler); Gaios (K. Praechter); Albinos (H. Cherniss, J. H. Loenen, H. A. Wolfson, J. M. Whittaker, R. M. Jones, A. N. M. Rich, J. M. Rist); Apulée (Cl. Morechini, R. Mortley, G. Barra); le commentaire anonyme sur le Théétète (K. Praechter); Justin et le platonisme chrétien (C. Andresen, N. Hyldahl, J. C. M. van Winden, J. H. Waszink); Numénius et Ammonius Saccas (H. Ch. Puech, R. Dodds). Suivent quelques indications bibliographiques et des index. Un livre utile.

(Text by P. Nautin)

Classical Mediterranean Spirituality: Egyptian, Greek, Roman

(World Spirituality) 


A. Hilary Armstrong (Editor), 1987




I: Histories:

  1. J. Gwyn Griffiths’s « The Faith of the Pharaonic Period »;
  2. Griffiths’s « The Great Egyptian Cults of Oecumenical Spiritual Significance »;
  3. 3.A.H. Armstrong’s « The Ancient and Continuing Pieties of the Greek World »;
  4. J.B. Skemp’s « The Spirituality of Socrates and Plato »;
  5. Patrick Atherton’s « Aristotle »;
  6. A.A. Long’s « Epicureans and Stoics »;
  7. John Pinsent’s « Roman Spirituality »;
  8. H.D. Saffrey’s « The Piety and Prayers of Ordinary Men and Women in Late Antiquity »;
  9. J.M. Dillon’s « Plutarch and Second Century Platonism »;
  10. Neoplatonist Spirituality: Pierre Hadot’s « Plotinus and Porphyry » and Saffrey’s « From Iamblichus to Proclus, and Damascius »


II: Themes:

  1. John Peter Kenney’s « Monotheistic and Polytheistic Elements in Classical Mediterranean Spirituality »;
  2. Werner Beierwaltes’s « The Love of Beauty and the Love of God »;
  3. Atherton’s « The City in Ancient Religious Experiences »;
  4. Frederick M. Schroeder’s « The Self in Ancient Religious Experience »;
  5. K. Corrigan’s « Body and Soul in Ancient Religious Experience »;
  6. Peter Manchester’s « The Religious Experience of Time and Eternity »;
  7. Jean Pepin’s « Cosmic Piety »;
  8. I. Hadot’s « The Spiritual Guide »;
  9. R.T. Wallis’s « The Spiritual Importance of Not Knowing »;
  10. Patricia Cox Miller’s « In Praise of Nonsense »

Philosophy and Salvation in Greek Religion


Ed. by Adluri, Vishwa


Ever since Vlastos’ “Theology and Philosophy in Early Greek Thought,” scholars have known that a consideration of ancient philosophy without attention to its theological, cosmological and soteriological dimensions remains onesided. Yet, philosophers continue to discuss thinkers such as Parmenides and Plato without knowledge of their debt to the archaic religious traditions. Perhaps our own religious prejudices allow us to see only a “polis religion” in Greek religion, while our modern philosophical openness and emphasis on reason induce us to rehabilitate ancient philosophy by what we consider the highest standard of knowledge: proper argumentation. Yet, it is possible to see ancient philosophy as operating according to a different system of meaning, a different “logic.” Such a different sense of logic operates in myth and other narratives, where the argument is neither completely illogical nor rational in the positivist sense. The articles in this volume undertake a critical engagement with this unspoken legacy of Greek religion. The aim of the volume as a whole is to show how, beyond the formalities and fallacies of arguments, something more profound is at stake in ancient philosophy: the salvation of the philosopher-initiate.


(Text by the editor)




Vishwa Adluri – Philosophy, Salvation, and the Mortal Condition

Miguel Herrero de Juregui – Salvation for the Wanderer: Odysseus, the Gold Leaves, and Empedocles

Arbogast Schmitt – Self-Determination and Freedom: The Relationship of God and Man in Homer. Translated by Joydeep Bagchee

Walter Burkert – Parmenides’ Proem and Pythagoras’ Descent. Translated by Joydeep Bagchee

Alberto Bernabé – Ὁ Πλάτων παρωιδεῖ τὰ Ὀρφέως Plato’s Transposition of Orphic Netherworld Imagery

Barbara Sattler – The Eleusinian Mysteries in Pre-Platonic Thought: Metaphor, Practice and Imagery for Plato’s Symposium

Stephen Menn – Plato’s Soteriology ?

Vishwa Adluri & John Lenz – From Politics to Salvation through Philosophy: Herodotus’ Histories and Plato’s Republic

John Bussanich – Rebirth Eschatology in Plato and Plotinus

Luc Brisson – Memory and the Soul’s Destiny in Plotinus. Translated by Michael Chase

Svetla Slaveva-Griffin – Between the Two Realms: Plotinus’ Pure Soul

John Finamore – Iamblichus, Theurgy, and the Soul’s Ascent

About the Contributors


Index of terms

Dreams as Divine Communication in Christianity: From Hermas to Aquinas


Series : Studies in the History and Anthropology of Religion, 3

Editor : Koet B.J., 2012


In the book presented here, one encounters dreams and visions from the history of Christianity. Faculty members of the Tilburg School of Theology (TST; Tilburg University, The Netherlands) and other (Dutch and Flemish) experts in theology, Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages present a collection of articles examining the phenomenon of dreaming in the Christian realm from the first to the thirteenth century. Their aim is to investigate the dream world of Christians as a source of historical theology and spirituality. They try to show and explain the importance and function of dreams in the context of the texts discussed, meanwhile making these texts accessible and understandable to the people of today. By contextualizing those dreams in their own historical imagery, the authors want to give the reader some insight into the fascinating dream world of the past, which in turn will inspire him or her to consider the dream world of today.

(Text by the editor)




Notes on Contributors

B.J. KOET, Introducing Dreaming from Hermas to Aquinas

J. VERHEYDEN AND M. GRUNDEKEN, The Spirit Before the Letter: Dreams and Visions as the Legitimation of the Shepherd of Hermas. A Study of Vision

K. DE BRABANDER, Tertullian’s Theory of Dreams (De anima 45-49): Some Observations towards a Better Understanding

V. HUNINK, ‘With the Taste of Something Sweet Still in my Mouth’: Perpetua’s Visions

B.J. KOET, Jerome’s and Augustine’s Conversion to Scripture through the Portal of Dreams (Ep. 22 and Conf. 3 and 8)

G. DE NIE, ‘A Smiling Serene Face’: Face-to-Face Encounters in Early Christian Dream Visions

A. SMEETS, The Dazzle of Dawn: Visions, Dreams and Thoughts on Dreams by Gregory the Great

W. VERBAAL, Mysteria somniorum: Bernard of Clairvaux and the Pedagogic of Dreaming

K. PANSTERS, Franciscus somnians: Dreams in Late Medieval Franciscan Biography

G.P. FREEMAN, Clare of Assisi’s Vision of Francis: On the Interpretation of a Remarkable Vision

H. GORIS, Thomas Aquinas on Dreams

List of Abbreviations

Index of names, subjects and passages

Plutarch in the Religious and Philosophical Discourse of Late Antiquity

(Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition #14)


Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta (Editor), Israel Muñoz Gallarte (Editor), 2012


The works of Plutarch, notably his Moralia, provide us with exceptional evidence to reconstruct the spiritual and intellectual atmosphere of the first centuries CE. As a priest of Apollo at Delphi, Plutarch was a first range witness of ancient religious experience; as a Middle Platonist, he was also actively involved in the developments of the philosophical school. Besides, he also provided a more detached point of view both regarding numerous religious practices and currents that were permeating the building of ancient pagan religion and the philosophical views of other schools. His combining the insider and the sensitive observer s perspectives make Plutarch a crucial starting point for the understanding of the religious and philosophical discourse of Late Antiquity.

(Text by the editors)




Preliminary Material – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta and Israel Muñoz Gallarte

Introduction: Plutarch at the Crossroads of Religion and Philosophy – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta

Plutarch on the Sleeping Soul and the Waking Intellect and Aristotle’s Double Entelechy Concept – Abraham P. Bos

The Doctrine of the Passions: Plutarch, Posidonius and Galen – Francesco Becchi

The Adventitious Motion of the Soul (Plu., De Stoic. repugn. 23, 1045B–F) and the Controversy between Aristo of Chios and the Middle Academy – Raúl Caballero

Plutarch and “Pagan Monotheism” – Frederick E. Brenk

Socrates and Alcibiades: A Notorious σχάυδαλου in the Later Platonist Tradition – Geert Roskam

Salt in the Holy Water: Plutarch’s Quaestiones Naturales in Michael Psellus’ De omnifaria doctrina – Michiel Meeusen

Iacchus in Plutarch – Ana Isabel Jiménez San Cristóbal

Plutarch’s Idea of God in the Religious and Philosophical Context of Late Antiquity – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta

Plutarch as Apollo’s Priest at Delphi – Angelo Casanova

Plutarch’s Attitude towards Astral Biology – Aurelio Pérez Jiménez

“Cicalata sul fascino volgarmente detto jettatura”: Plutarch, Quaestio convivalis 5.7 – Paola Volpe Cacciatore

The Eleusinian Mysteries and Political Timing in the Life of Alcibiades – Delfim F. Leão

Mυτηριώδης θεολοΥία: Plutarch’s fr. 157 Sandbach between Cultual Traditions and Philosophical Models – Rosario Scannapieco

A Non-Fideistic Interpretation of « pistis » in Plutarch’s Writings: The Harmony Between « pistis » and Knowledge – George van Kooten

The Colors of the Souls – Israel Muñoz Gallarte

Bibliography – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta and Israel Muñoz Gallarte

Index locorum – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta and Israel Muñoz Gallarte

Index rerum – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta and Israel Muñoz Gallarte

Index nominum – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta and Israel Muñoz Gallarte

Iamblichus and the Foundations of Late Platonism

(Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition #13)


Eugene Afonasin, John M. Dillon and John F. Finamore (Editors), 2012


Iamblichus of Chalcis (c. 240-c. 325 C.E.), successor to Plotinus and Porphyry, gave new life to Neoplatonism with his many philosophical and religious refinements. Once regarded as a religio-magical quack, Iamblichus is now seen as a philosophical innovator who harmonized not only Platonic philosophy with religious ritual but also Platonism with the ancient philosophical and religious tradition. Building on recent scholarship on Iamblichean philosophy, the ten papers in this volume explore various aspects of Iamblichus’ oeuvre. These papers help show that Iamblichus re-invented Neoplatonism and made it the major school of philosophy for centuries after his death.

(Text by the editors)




Front Matter – Eugene Afonasin, John Dillonand John F. Finamore

Introduction – Eugene Afonasin, John Dillon and John F. Finamore

The Pythagorean Way of Life in Clement of Alexandria and Iamblichus – Eugene Afonasin

Chapter 18 of the De Communi Mathematica Scientia Translation and Commentary – Luc Brisson

The Letters of Iamblichus: Popular Philosophy in a Neoplatonic Mode – John Dillon

Iamblichus: The Two-Fold Nature of the Soul and the Causes of Human Agency – Daniela P. Taormina

Iamblichus on Mathematical Entities – Claudia Maggi

The Role of Aesthesis in Theurgy – Gregory Shaw

Iamblichus on the Grades of Virtue – John F. Finamore

The Role of Divine Providence, Will and Love in Iamblichus’ Theory of Theurgic Prayer and Religious Invocation – Crystal Addey

Iamblichus’ Exegesis of Parmenides’ Hypotheses and His Doctrine of Divine Henads – Svetlana Mesyats

Iamblichus and Julian’s “Third Demiurge”: A Proposition – Adrien Lecerf

Index – Eugene Afonasin, John Dillon and John F. Finamore

Death and Immortality in Late Neoplatonism: Studies on the Ancient Commentaries on Plato’s Phaedo

(Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition #12)

Sebastian Ramon Philipp Gertz, 2011
The belief in the immortality of the soul has been described as one of the twin pillars of Platonism and is famously defended by Socrates in Plato s Phaedo. The ancient commentaries on the dialogue by Olympiodorus and Damascius offer a unique perspective on the reception of this belief in the Platonic tradition. Through a detailed discussion of topics such as suicide, the life of the philosopher and arguments for immortality, this study demonstrates the commentators serious engagement with problems in Plato’s text as well as the dialogue’s importance to Neoplatonic ethics. The book will be of interest to students of Plato and the Platonic tradition, and to those working on ancient ethics and psychology.
(Text by the author)

Preliminary Material


I. Olympiodorus On Suicide

II. Politics And Purification In Socrates’ Second Defence (Phd. 63b–69e)

III. Syrianus And Damascius: Two Interpretations Of The Argument From Opposites In Plato’s Phaedo (Phd. 69e–72d)

IV. Memory, Forgetfulness And Recollection In The Commentaries On Plato’s Phaedo

V. The Affinity Argument In Plato’s Phaedo

VI. The Final Argument In Plato’s Phaedo

VII. After Death: The Phaedo Myth And Its Neoplatonic Interpreters

General Conclusions


Index Rerum

Index nominum Veterum et Recentiorum

Index Locorum Potiorum

Plotinus in Dialogue with the Gnostics

(Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition #11)


Jean-Marc Narbonne, 2011


The point of view put forth in the following pages differs greatly from the common perspective according to which the treatises 30 to 33 constitute a single work, a Grossschrift, and this single work, Plotinus essential response to the Gnostics. Our perspective is that of an ongoing discussions with his Gnostic yet Platonizing friends, which started early in his writings (at least treatise 6), developed into what we could call a Grosszyklus (treatises 27 to 39), and went on in later treatises as well (e. g. 47-48, 51). The prospect of an ongoing discussion with the Gnostics bears an additional virtue, that of allowing for a truly dynamic understanding of the Plotinian corpus.

(Text by the author)




Preliminary Material


Study One.The Controversy over the Generation of Matter in Plotinus:The Riddle Resolved?

Study Two.The Riddle of the Partly Undescendend Soul in Plotinus: The Gnostic/Hermetic Path of the ὁμοούσιος

Study Three. A Doctrinal Evolution in Plotinus? The Weakness of the Soul in Its Relation to Evil

Study Four. A New Sign of the Impact of the Quarrel against the Gnostics on Plotinus’Thought: Two Modes of Reascent in  (VI ) and  (VI )

Study Five. A New Type of Causality: Plotinian Contemplative Demiurgy

Study Six. New Reflections on God as CAUSA SUI in Plotinus and Its Possible Gnostic Sources

Works Consulted

Index Nominum

The Teachings of Syrianus on Plato’s Timaeus and Parmenides

(Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition #10)


Sarah Klitenic Wear, 2011


Although it has long been established that Syrianus, the teacher of Proclus, was the source of much of his student’s metaphysics, it is not known precisely what in Proclus’ thought can be attributed to Syrianus. The problem is compounded by the fact that Syrianus wrote very little and there is uncertainty as to whether written commentaries ever existed of his teaching on Plato’s Timaeus and Parmenides, the most important sources for Platonic metaphysics. This work attempts to re-construct the major tenets of Syrianus’ philosophical teachings on the Timaeus and Parmenides based on the testimonia of Proclus, as found in Proclus’ commentaries on Plato’s Timaeus and Parmenides and, Damascius, as reported in his On First Principles and commentary on Plato’s Parmenides.

(Text by the author)





Abbreviations Of Works Frequently Cited


Index Of Philosophical Terms And Names

Index Of Passages From Ancient Authors

The Afterlife of the Platonic Soul: Reflections of Platonic Psychology in the Monotheistic Religions

(Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition #9)


Maha Elkaisy-Friemuth and John Dillon (Editors), 2009


Plato’s doctrine of the soul, its immaterial nature, its parts or faculties, and its fate after death (and before birth) came to have an enormous influence on the great religious traditions that sprang up in late antiquity, beginning with Judaism (in the person of Philo of Alexandria), and continuing with Christianity, from St. Paul on through the Alexandrian and Cappadocian Fathers to Byzantium, and finally with Islamic thinkers from Al-kindi on. This volume, while not aspiring to completeness, attempts to provide insights into how members of each of these traditions adapted Platonist doctrines to their own particular needs, with varying degrees of creativity.

(Text by the editors)





A. Early Period

Philo Of Alexandria And Platonist Psychology – John Dillon

St. Paul On Soul, Spirit And The Inner Man – George H. Van Kooten


B. Christian Tradition

Faith And Reason In Late Antiquity: The Perishability Axiom And Its Impact On Christian Views About The Origin And Nature Of The Soul – Dirk Krausmüller

The Nature Of The Soul According To Eriugena – Catherine Kavanagh


C. Islamic Tradition

Aristotle’s Categories And The Soul: An Annotated Translation Of Al-Kindī’S That There Are Separate Substances – Peter Adamson and Peter E. Pormann

Private Caves And Public Islands: Islam, Plato And The Ikhwān Al-Ṣafāʾ – Ian Richard Netton

Tradition And Innovation In The Psychology Of Fakhr Al-Dīn Al-Rāzī – Maha Elkaisy-Friemuth


D. Judaic Tradition

The Soul In Jewish Neoplatonism: A Case Study Of Abraham Ibn Ezra And Judah Halevi – Aaron W. Hughes

Maimonides, The Soul And The Classical Tradition – Oliver Leaman


E. Later Medieval Period

St. Thomas Aquinass Concept Of The Human Soul And The Influence Of Platonism – Patrick Quinn

Intellect As Intrinsic Formal Cause In The Soul According To Aquinas And Averroes – Richard C. Taylor


Index Of Names

Index Of Concepts And Places