The Enigmatic Reality of Time: Aristotle, Plotinus, and Today

(Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition #7)


Michael F. Wagner, 2008

The nature and existence of time is a fascinating and puzzling feature of human life and awareness. This book integrates interdisciplinary work and approaches from such fields as physics, psychology, biology, phenomenology, and technology studies with philosophical analyses and considerations to explain a number of facets of the perennial question of time’s nature and existence, both in contemporary and in its initial classical Greek context; and it then explores and explains two of the most influential investigations of time in classical Western thought: Aristotle’s, as presented in his Physics, and the (neo)Platonist Plotinus’ in his treatise On Time and Eternity. Original interpretative perspectives are argued in both cases, and special attention is paid to Plotinus as partly responding to and critiquing Aristotle’s account.

(Text by the author)





Chapter One – Is Time Real?

Chapter Two – Eleaticism, Temporality, And Time

Chapter Three – The Makings Of A Temporal Universe

Chapter Four – Parmenidean Time And The Impossible Now

Chapter Five – Cosmic Motion And The Speed Of Time

Chapter Six – Temporal Cognition And The Return Of The Now

Chapter Seven – Real Temporality In An Aristotelian World

Chapter Eight – Does Aristotle Refute Eleaticism?

Chapter Nine – Temporality, Eternality, And Plotinus’ New Platonism

Chapter Ten – Plotinus’ Critique Of Aristotelian Motion

Chapter Eleven – Indefinite Temporality And The Measure Of Motion

Chapter Twelve – Plotinus’ Neoplatonic Account Of Time



Die Übersetzungen der Elementatio Theologica des Proklos und Ihre Bedeutung für den Proklostext

(Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition #6)


Hans-Christian Günther, 2007


The present book presents for the first time a detailed study of selected passages of the most important Georgian translation of a text of Greek philosophy: the translation of Proklos’ Elementatio Theologica by the most eminent philosopher of the Georgian middle ages, Ioane Petrizi, who not only translated Proklos’ text, but also provided it with an extensive commentary. The book discusses the paragraphs which are also extant in an Arabic translation of the early 9th century. The main scope of the book is to establish the relevance of the Georgian and Arabic translations for the history of the constitution of the text, but it provides also important insights in Petrizi’s method of translation and the philosophical significance of his commentary.

(Text by the author)




Vorläufige material

Kapitel 1 – Einige Vorläufige Bemerkungen zur Bedeutung von Petrizis Übersetzung der Elementatio für die Textkonstitution

Kapitel 2 – Einige Propositionen der Elementatio im Licht der älteren Übersetzungen

Kapitel 3 – Freie Übersetzungen und Mißverständnisse in der Übersetzung Ioane Petrizis

Kapitel 4 – Einige Schlußfolgerungen für den Text der Elementatio

Kapitel 5 – Eine Paraphrasierende Interpretation des von Unechten Zusätzen Gereinigten Textes der Propositionen 1–6

Kapitel 6 – Zusammenfassung und Ausblick

Appendix I – Ioane Petrizis Übersetzung der Behandelten Zwanzig Propositionen der Elementatio Theologica

Appendix II – Die Proposition 128a

Appendix III – Die Arabische Übersetzung der Zwanzig Propositionen der Elementatio Theologica

Appendix IV – Glossar


Order from Disorder: Proclus’ Doctrine of Evil and Its Roots in Ancient Platonism

(Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition #5)


John Phillips, 2007


This study places the doctrine of the evil of the Neoplatonist Proclus in its proper context, the exegetical tradition as it developed within the various schools of ancient Platonism, from Middle Platonism to early Neoplatonism. With regard to the evil of the body, there are chapters on the various interpretations of Plato’s notion of a pre-cosmic disorderly motion as the source of corporeal evil and on the role of what Platonists referred to as an irrational Nature in the origin of that motion. As for evil of the soul, there are chapters dealing with the concept of an evil World Soul and with the view that the evil that is ascribed to the human soul is a form of psychological weakness.

(Text by the author)




Preliminary material


Chapter One – Proclus’ doctrine of evil

Chapter Two – Evil as privation

Chapter Three – Evil as a disorderly motion

Chapter Four – Irrational nature

Chapter Five – The evil world soul

Chapter Six – Evil as weakness of the human soul




Platonisms: Ancient, Modern, and Postmodern

(Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition #4)

Kevin Corrigan and John D. Turner (Editors), 2007
The present volume argues that Plato and Platonism should be understood not as a series of determinate doctrines or philosophical facts to be pinned down once and for all, but rather as an inexhaustible mine of possible trajectories. The book examines in this light different strands of Platonic thinking from the dialogues themselves through later Antiquity and the Medieval World into Modernity and Post-Modernity with new essays ranging from Descartes, Kant, Hegel, and Natorp to Yeats, Levinas and Derrida. And also suggests the possibility of reading the dialogues and the whole tradition resonating in and through them in new, unexpected ways.
(Text by the editors)


Preliminary Material – K. Corrigan and J.D. Turner

Introduction. Plato And Platonisms – Kevin Corrigan and John D. Turner

The Individual Contributions To The Volume – K. Corrigan and J.D. Turner

Platonic Dialectic: The Path And The Goal – T .A Szlezák

What Is A God According To Plato? – Luc Brisson

Victorinus, Parmenides Commentaries And The Platonizing Sethian Treatises – John D. Turner

Proclus And The Ancients – Steven Strange

Virtue, Marriage, And Parenthood In Simplicius’ Commentary On Epictetus’ ‘Encheiridion’ – G. Reydams-Schils

How To Apply The Modern Concepts Of Mathesis Universalis And Scientia Universalis To Ancient Philosophy, Aristotle, Platonisms, Gilbert Of Poitiers, And Descartes – Gerald Bechtle

Real Atheism And Cambridge Platonism: Men Of Latitude, Polemics, And The Great Dead Philosophers – Douglas Hedley

The Language Of Metaphysics Ancient And Modern – Robert Berchman

The Platonic Forms As Gesetze: Could Paul Natorp Have Been Right? – John Dillon

Crying In Plato’S Teeth—W.B. Yeats And Platonic Inspiration – Anthony Cuda

The Face Of The Other: A Comparison Between The Thought Of Emmanuel Levinas, Plato, And Plotinus – Kevin Corrigan

Derrida Reads (Neo-) Platonism – Stephen Gersh

Bibliography – K. Corrigan and J.D. Turner

General Index – K. Corrigan and J.D. Turner

Neoplatonism After Derrida: Parallelograms

 (Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition #3)


by Stephen Gersh, 2006


This volume deals with the relation between Jacques Derrida’s writing and Neoplatonism (ancient, patristic, medieval). Starting from the undeniable fact of Derrida’s continuous engagement with this tradition, the present study deals not only with the actual reading of the Neoplatonists by Derrida (« Derrida after Neoplatonism ») but also with a hypothetical reading of Derrida by Neoplatonism (« Neoplatonism after Derrida »). Thus, the intended audience is both philologists and philosophers interested in the encounter of ancient and contemporary thought. Separate chapters are devoted to a general study of Neoplatonism and Deconstruction, commentaries on three Derridean texts in which their ‘Neoplatonic’ implications are developed, and a treatment of the problem of non-discursive thought in which all Neoplatonic and Derridean perspectives are transcended.

(Text by the author)






Chapter One Derrida reads (Neo-) Platonism

Chapter Two What is Called “Negative Theology?”

Chapter Three Margins of Augustine

Chapter Four Remains to be Thought

4.1 Of the Abyss

4.2 From Ontology to Erasure

4.3 Of the Secret


Derridean Concordance

Index of Names

Index of Terms and Concepts

The Syntax of Time: The Phenomenology of Time in Greek Physics and Speculative Logic from Iamblichus to Anaximander

 (Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition #2)


by Peter Manchester, 2005


The fourth century Neoplatonist Iamblichus, interpreting Plotinus on the topic of time, incorporates a ‘diagram of time’ that bears comparison to the figure of double continuity drawn by Husserl in his studies of time. Using that comparison as a bridge, this book seeks a phenomenological recovery of Greek thought about time. It argues that the feature of motion that the word ‘time’ designates in Greek differs from what most modern scholarship has assumed, that the very phenomenon of time has been misidentified for centuries. This leads to corrective readings of Plotinus, Aristotle, Parmenides, and Heraclitus, all looking back to the final phrase of the fragment of Anaximander, from which this volume takes its title: « according to the syntax of time. »

(Text by the organizer)




Preface and Acknowledgments

Chapter One – Two-Dimensional Time in Husserl and Iamblichus

The Problem of the Flowing of Time

The Flux of Consciousness

The Transparency of the Flux

Time-Framing in Locke and Hume

The Dimensions of Transparency

Two-Dimensional Time in Husserl

The Figure of Double Continuity

The Double Intentionality of Disclosure Space

Two-Dimensional Time in Iamblichus

Time as the Sphere of the All


Chapter Two – Time and the Soul in Plotinus

Two-Dimensional Time in Neoplatonism

The Schema of Participation

The Silence of Time in Plotinus


Chapter Three – Everywhere Now: Physical Time in Aristotle

Soul and the Surface of Exoteric Time

The Spanning of Motion

The Scaling of Spans

The Unit of Disclosure Space

The Soul of Physical Time


Chapter Four – Parmenides: Time as the Now

Parmenides Thinks about Time

Signpost 1: Being Ungenerated and Unperishing

Signpost 2: Whole; Signpost 4: The Coherent One

Signpost 3: Now is All at Once and Entirely Total



Chapter Five – Heraclitus and the Need for Time

Review: The Path to Heraclitus

From Husserl to Heraclitus via Iamblichus

Time in Heraclitus: The Circular Joining of ἀεὶ and αἰών

Heraclitus as a Gloss on Anaximander


Appendix 1 – Physical Lectures on Time by Aristotle: A MinimalTranslation

Appendix 2 – Fragment 8 of the Poem of Parmenides: Text and Translation



Porphyry Against the Christians – (Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition #1)


by Robert M. Berchman, 2005


This volume is a translation of fragments and testimonia of Porphyry’s lost work « Against the Christians ». The first part of the work examines Author, Title, date of composition, and sources. The second part discusses the structure of « Against the Christians, » The third part focuses on the religious, philosophical, and cultural background of this text. The fourth section constitutes the translation of the fragments and testimonia of « Against the Christians, » This work is especially important for historians of religion, philosophy, and Biblical Studies for it is an excellent example of a pagan tradition of scriptural interpretation and criticism of Christianity.

(Text by the author)

Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition

Edited by Robert M. Berchman (Foro di Studi Avanzati Gaetano Massa. Roma and Bard College) and John. F. Finamore (University of Iowa).


Originally conceived, the series (2011 – ) covers studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition, which means it covers ancient philosophy in general but also the tradition in its medieval, modern, and post-modern « horizons. » This means that the subseries publishes works, historically and thematically, across the whole « Platonic tradition. »

(Text by the organizers)




Neoplatonic Demons and Angels – Editor(s): Luc Brisson, Seamus O’Neilland Andrei Timotin

Platonic Theories of Prayer – Editor(s): John M. Dillonand Andrei Timotin

Athenian and Alexandrian Neoplatonism and the Harmonization of Aristotle and Plato – By: Ilsetraut Hadot

Thinking Being: Introduction to Metaphysics in the Classical Tradition – By: Eric Perl

Being Different: More Neoplatonism after Derrida – By: Stephen E. Gersh

Studies on Plato, Aristotle and Proclus – The Collected Essays on Ancient Philosophy of John Cleary – By: John J. Cleary

Editor(s): John M. Dillon, Brendan O’Byrne and Fran O’Rourke

Plutarch in the Religious and Philosophical Discourse of Late Antiquity – Editor(s): Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta and Israel Muñoz Gallarte

Iamblichus and the Foundations of Late Platonism – Editor(s): Eugene V. Afonasin, John M. Dillon and John Finamore

Death and Immortality in Late Neoplatonism – Studies on the Ancient Commentaries on Plato’s Phaedo – By: Sebastian Ramon Philipp Gertz

Plotinus in Dialogue with the Gnostics – By: Jean-Marc Narbonne

The Teachings of Syrianus on Plato’sTimaeus andParmenides – By: Sarah Klitenic Wear

The Afterlife of the Platonic Soul – Reflections of Platonic Psychology in the Monotheistic Religions – Editor(s): Maha El-Kaisy and John Dillon

The Commentary of al-Nayrizi on Books II-IV of Euclid’sElements of Geometry – With a Translation of That Portion of Book I Missing from MS Leiden Or. 399.1 but Present in the Newly Discovered Qom Manuscript Edited by Rüdiger Arnzen – By: Anthony Lo Bello

The Enigmatic Reality of Time – Aristotle, Plotinus, and Today – By: Michael Wagner

Die Übersetzungen derElementatio Theologicades Proklos und Ihre Bedeutung für den Proklostext – By: Hans-Christian Günther

Order From Disorder. Proclus’ Doctrine of Evil and its Roots in Ancient Platonism – By: John Phillips

Platonisms: Ancient, Modern, and Postmodern – Editor(s): Kevin Corrigan and John Turner

Neoplatonism after Derrida – Parallelograms – By: Stephen Gersh

The Syntax of Time – The Phenomenology of Time in Greek Physics and Speculative Logic from Iamblichus to Anaximander – By: Peter Manchester

Porphyry Against the Christians – By: Robert Berchman