Leuven: Peeters


Byzantion is an international peer reviewed journal founded in 1924; it is devoted to Byzantine culture and covers literature, history and art history, including the related disciplines. Every volume contains scholarly articles followed by a large bibliographical section. Byzantion highly contributes to the development of Byzantine Studies.

(Text from the editors)

The journal welcomes proposals for book reviews.


The Unity of Body and Soul

in Patristic and Byzantine Thought

Anna Usacheva, Jörg Ulrich & Siam Bhayro, Leiden: Brill, 2020


This volume explores the long-standing tensions between such notions as soul and body, spirit and flesh, in the context of human immortality and bodily resurrection. The discussion revolves around late antique views on the resurrected human body and the relevant philosophical, medical and theological notions that formed the background for this topic. Soon after the issue of the divine-human body had been problematised by Christianity, it began to drift away from vast metaphysical deliberations into a sphere of more specialized bodily concepts, developed in ancient medicine and other natural sciences. To capture the main trends of this interdisciplinary dialogue, the contributions in this volume range from the 2nd to the 8th centuries CE, and discuss an array of figures and topics, including Justin, Origen, Bardaisan, and Gregory of Nyssa.

(Text from the publisher)

Table of contents

Chapter 1 The Peculiar Merit of the Human Body: Combined Exegesis of Gen 1:26f. and Gen 2:7 in Second Century Christianity  p. 1–19

Author: Jörg Ulrich

Chapter 2 Rational Creatures and Matter in Eschatology According to Origen’s On First Principles  p.  20–37

Author: Samuel Fernández

Chapter 3 Origen on the Unity of Soul and Body in the Earthly Life and Afterwards and His Impact on Gregory of Nyssa  p. 38–77

Author: Ilaria L.E. Ramelli

Chapter 4 Gregory of Nyssa’s Trinitarian Anthropology: A Narrative  p. 78–108

Author: Ilaria Vigorelli

Chapter 5 The Body in the Ascetic Thought of Evagrius Ponticus  p. 109–121

Author: Kuo-Yu Tsui

Chapter 6 Resurrection, Emotion, and Embodiment in Egyptian Monastic Literature

Author: Andrew Crislip p. 122–143

Chapter 7 Christian Ensoulment Theories within Dualist Psychological Discourse  p. 144–169

Author: Anna Usacheva

Chapter 8 From Garments of Flesh to Garments of Light: Hardness, Subtleness and the Soul-Body Relation in Macarius-Symeon  p. 170–191

Author: Samuel Kaldas

Chapter 9 Patristic Views on Why There Is No Repentance after Death  p.  192–212

Author: David Bradshaw

Chapter 10 Treating the Body and the Soul in Late-Antique and Early-Medieval Syriac Sources: The Syro-Mesopotamian Context of Bardaiṣan and Sergius p. 213–228

Author: Siam Bhayro

Chapter 11 Christ the Healer of Human Passibility: The Passions, Apatheia, and Christology in Maximus the Confessor’s Quaestiones ad Thalassium  p. 229–244

Author: Andrew J. Summerson

Chapter 12 Maximus the Confessor’s View on Soul and Body in the Context of Five Divisions  p. 245–276

Author: Vladimir Cvetković



Savoirs prédictifs et techniques divinatoires

de l’Antiquité tardive à Byzance

Paul Magdalino, Andrei Timotin (eds), Seyssel,:La Palme d’Or, 2019, 510


Ce volume nous propose pour la première fois une étude sur les savoirs prédictifs et les techniques divinatoires de l’Antiquité tardive en relation avec leur diffusion dans le monde byzantin. Le livre comporte cinq volets : la divination comme objet de réflexion philosophique dans l’Antiquité tardive ; la récupération et la réinterprétation des oracles à la fin de l’Antiquité du côté païen et chrétien ; le discours sur les pratiques divinatoires dans le monde byzantin ; l’astrologie et sa place parmi les disciplines divinatoires dans le monde romain et byzantin ; l’onirocritique dans l’Antiquité tardive et ses prolongements dans le monde byzantin.

(Texte de la maison d’édition)

Table of contents


Divination et philosophie

Luc Brisson – Philosophie et oracles : la nouvelle alliance

Andrei-Tudor Man – Chrysippus’ Theory of Divination in Cicero, De divinatione

Andrei Timotin – Divination et providence dans le néoplatonisme tardif (Jamblique et Proclus)

Marilena Vlad – La divination du principe chez Damascius et le silence de Platon

Oracles païens et chrétiens

Aude Busine – Les Chrétiens face aux oracles d’Apollon, du rejet à l’adaptation. Retour sur quinze ans de recherche

Francesco Massa – Des démons et des cadavres autour des oracles : polémiques religieuses sur la divination au IVe siècle

Lucia Tissi – Interpréter et conceptualiser les oracles dans l’Antiquité tardive : le témoignage de la Théosophie de Tübingen

Les pratiques divinatoires à Byzance

Paul Magdalino – Prophecy, Divination and the Church in Byzantium

Jean-Cyril Jouette – La nécromancie dans l’Empire mésobyzantin

Florin Filimon – The Prediction Method by Means of the Holy Gospel and the Psalter: a Late Byzantine Case of a Reassigned Geomantic Text

L’astrologie de Rome à Byzance

Béatrice Bakhouche – L’astrologie entre religion et philosophie ou les contours flous de la divination

Victor Gysembergh – Théorie et pratique de la divination dans l’Antiquité et à Byzance : l’exemple des présages attribués à Eudoxe de Cnide

Adrian Pirtea – From Lunar Nodes to Eclipse Dragons: The Fundaments of the Chaldean Art (CCAG V/2, 131-40) and the Reception of Arabo-Persian Astrology in Byzantium

Oniromancie païenne et chrétienne

Elsa G. Simonetti – Prophetic (?) Dreams in Plutarch

Steven Oberhelman – How Popular Were the Byzantine Dreambooks? Divination and Byzantine Dreamers

Francesco Monticini – Les rêves et l’énigme : l’oniromancie dans les commentaires byzantins du traité Sur les songes de Synésios


Index thématique et de noms propres


Mental Illness in Ancient Medicine

From Celsus to Paul of Aegina

Chiara Thumiger and Peter Singer, Leiden: Brill, 2018


In Mental Illness in Ancient Medicine: From Celsus to Paul of Aegina a detailed account is given, by a range of experts in the field, of the development of different conceptualizations of the mind and its pathology by medical authors from the beginning of the imperial period to the seventh century CE. New analysis is offered, both of the dominant texts of Galen and of such important but neglected figures as Rufus, Archigenes, Athenaeus of Attalia, Aretaeus, Caelius Aurelianus and the Byzantine ‘compilers’. The work of these authors is considered both in its medical-historical context and in relation to philosophical and theological debates – on ethics and on the nature of the soul – with which they interacted.

(Text from the publisher)

Table of contents

Introduction. Disease Classification and Mental Illness: Ancient and Modern Perspectives – Chiara Thumiger and P. N. Singer

Broader Reflections on Mental Illness: Medical Theories in Their Socio-intellectual Context

Between Insanity and Wisdom: Perceptions of Melancholy in the Ps.-Hippocratic Letters 10–17 – George Kazantzidis

“Not a Daimōn, but a Severe Illness”: Oribasius, Posidonius and Later Ancient Perspectives on Superhuman Agents Causing Disease – Nadine Metzger

Individual Authors and Themes

Athenaeus of Attalia on the Psychological Causes of Bodily Health – Sean Coughlin

Archigenes of Apamea’s Treatment of Mental Diseases – Orly Lewis

Mental Perceptions and Pathology in the Work of Rufus of Ephesus – Melinda Letts

Mental Disorders and Psychological Suffering in Galen’s Cases – Julien Devinant

Galen on Memory, Forgetting and Memory Loss – Ricardo Julião

Stomachikon, Hydrophobia and Other Eating Disturbances: Volition and Taste in Late-Antique Medical Discussions – Chiara Thumiger

“A Most Acute, Disgusting and Indecent Disease”: Satyriasis and Sexual Disorders in Ancient Medicine – Chiara Thumiger

Mental Derangement in Methodist Nosography: What Caelius Aurelianus Had to Say – Anna Maria Urso

Mental Illnesses in the Medical Compilations of Late Antiquity: The Case of Aëtius of Amida – Ricarda Gäbel

Philosophy and Mental Illness

Making the Distinction: The Stoic View of Mental Illness – Marke Ahonen

Philosophical Psychological Therapy: Did It Have Any Impact on Medical Practice? – Christopher Gill

Galen’s Pathological Soul: Diagnosis and Therapy in Ethical and Medical Texts and Contexts – P. N. Singer