The Origins of the Platonic System

Platonisms of the Early Empire and their Philosophical Contexts

 

Editors:  Bonazzi M., Opsomer J., 2009

 

From the 1st century BC onwards followers of Plato began to systematize Plato’s thought. These attempts went in various directions and were subjected to all kinds of philosophical influences, especially Aristotelian, Stoic, and Pythagorean. The result was a broad variety of Platonisms without orthodoxy. That would only change with Plotinus. This volume, being the fruit of the collaboration among leading scholars in the field, addresses a number of aspects of this period of system building with substantial contributions on Antiochus and Alcinous and their relation to Stoicism; on Pythagoreanising tendencies in Platonism; on Eudorus and the tradition of commentaries on Aristotle’s Categories; on the creationism of the Jewish Platonist Philo of Alexandria; on Ammonius, the Egyptian teacher of Plutarch; on Plutarch’s discussion of Socrates’ guardian spirit. The contributions are in English, French, Italian and German.

(Text by the editors)

 

Contents

 

INTRODUCTION

Mauro Bonazzi, Jan Opsomer

 

Thomas BÉNATOUÏL, Qewría et vie contemplative du stoïcisme au platonisme: Chrysippe, Panétius, Antiochus et Alcinoos

Mauro BONAZZI, Antiochus’ Ethics and the Subordination of Stoicism

Gregor STAAB, Das Kennzeichen des neuen Pythagoreismus innerhalb der kaiserzeitlichen Platoninterpretation: „Pythagoreischer“ Dualismus und Einprinzipienlehre im Einklang

Riccardo CHIARADONNA, Autour d’Eudore: Les débuts de l’exégèse des Catégories dans le Moyen Platonisme

Franco TRABATTONI, Philo, De opificio mundi, 7-12

Jan OPSOMER, M. Annius Ammonius, a Philosophical Profile

Pierluigi DONINI, Il silenzio di Epaminonda, i demoni e il mito: il platonismo di Plutarco nel De genio Socratis

INDEX OF ANCIENT NAMES

INDEX OF MODERN NAMES

INDEX LOCORUM

The Ascent to the Good

 

Edited by Franciso L. Lisi, 2007.

 

Praised and condemned by totalitarians and democrats, liberals, fascists and communists, progressives and conservatives, Plato’s Republic is one of the most influential writings in the history of political ideas. In its central books the philosopher puts in the mouth of Socrates the principles of its challenging political construction.

The defense of the philosophical government in Plato’s Republic reveals the necessity of distinguishing true philosophers from false ones. This issue leads to the central question of the Good, the principle that constitutes the foundation of philosophical knowledge and of political activity. Once this principle has been introduced, the subsequent question turns on the education of the philosophers, which occupies Book VII.

The present volume contains contributions to the main issues developed in Books V-VII of the Republic, on which the attention of scholarship in the past 100 years has focused, practical philosophy, metaphysics, dialectics, and the question of the Good.

(Text by the editor)

 

Contents

 

Introduction

  1. The foundations of politics in the central books of the Republic – Francisco L. Lisi

 

Part I Philosophical Government and Education

  1. Politici e filosofi sulla nave della città – Silvia Gastaldi
  2. Elementi di una fenomenologia della massa nella Repubblica di Platone – Marco Russo
  3. Physis in Republic V 471c – VII 541b – Gottfried Heinemann
  4. Cultivating Intellectual Virtue in Plato’s Philosopher-Rulers – John Cleary
  5. L’innovazione platonica nell’allegoria della caverna – Silvia Campese

 

Part II Being and Dialectics

  1. ΕΙΝΑΙ, ΟΥΣΙΑ e ΟΝ nei libri centrali della Repubblica – Francesco Fronterotta
  2. Glaucone e i misteri della dialettica – Mario Vegetti

 

Part III The Good

  1. L’analogia solare del VI libro della Repubblica – Francesca Calabi
  2. La potenza del “Buono” – Franco Ferrari
  3. The Form of the Good – Francisco L. Lisi
  4. El sembrador divino (phutourgós) – Luc Brisson
  5. L’interpretazione del Bene nella Dissertazione XI del Commento alla Repubblica di Proclo – Michelle Abbatte

 

Bibliography

Index locorum

Body and Soul in Ancient Philosophy

 

Ed. by Frede, Dorothea / Reis, Burkhard, 2009

 

The problem of body and soul has a long history that can be traced back to the beginnings of Greek culture. The existential question of what happened to the soul at the moment of death, whether and in what form there is life after death, and of the exact relationship between body and soul was answered in different ways in Greek philosophy, from the early days to Late Antiquity. The contributions in this volume not only do justice to the breadth of the topic, they also cover the entire period from the Pre-Socratics to Late Antiquity. Particular attention is paid to Plato, Aristotle and Hellenistic philosophers, that is the Stoics and the Epicureans.

 

Contents

 

Introduction

 

1. Presocratics

 

Carl Huffman – The Pythagorean conception of the soul from Pythagoras to Philolaus

Christian Schäfer – Das Pythagorasfragment des Xenophanes und die Frage nach der Kritik der Metempsychosenlehre

Brad Inwood – Empedocles and metempsychüsis: The critique of Diogenes of Oenoanda

Anthony A. Long – Heraclitus on measure and the explicit emergence of rationality

Georg Rechenauer – Demokrits Seelenmodell und die Prinzipien der atomistischen Physik

 

2. Plato

David Sedley – Three kinds of Platonic immortality

Michael Erler – „Denn mit Menschen sprechen wir und nicht mit Göttern“. Platonische und epikureische epimeleia tês psychês

Gyburg Radke-Uhlmann – Die energeia des Philosophen – zur Einheit von literarischem Dialog und philosophischer Argumentation in Platons Phaidon

Jan Szaif – Die aretê des Leibes: Die Stellung der Gesundheit in Platons Güterlehre

 

3. Aristotle

Günther Patzig – Körper und Geist bei Aristoteles – zum Problem des Funktionalismus

Christopher Shields – The priority of soul in Aristotle’s De anima: Mistaking categories?

David Charles – Aristotle on desire and action

Friedemann Buddensiek – Aristoteles’ Zirbeldrüse? Zum Verhältnis von Seele und pneuma in Aristoteles’ Theorie der Ortsbewegung der Lebewesen

Ursula Wolf – Aporien in der aristotelischen Konzeption des Beherrschten und des Schlechten

 

4. Academy

John Dillon – How does the soul direct the body, after all? Traces of a dispute on mind-body relations in the Old Academy

 

5. Hellenism

Keimpe Algra – Stoics on souls and demons: Reconstructing Stoic demonology

Tad Brennan – Stoic souls in Stoic corpses

Christopher Gill – Galen and the Stoics: What each could learn from the other about embodied psychology

Martha C. Nussbaum – Philosophical norms and political attachments: Cicero and Seneca

 

6. Philosophers of Early Christianity

Jonathan Barnes – Anima Christiana

Therese Fuhrer – Der Geist im vollkommenen Körper. Ein Gedankenexperiment in Augustins De civitate dei 22

Theo Kobush – Die Auferstehung des Leibes

Bibliography

Plutarch in the Religious and Philosophical Discourse of Late Antiquity

(Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition #14)

 

Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta (Editor), Israel Muñoz Gallarte (Editor), 2012

 

The works of Plutarch, notably his Moralia, provide us with exceptional evidence to reconstruct the spiritual and intellectual atmosphere of the first centuries CE. As a priest of Apollo at Delphi, Plutarch was a first range witness of ancient religious experience; as a Middle Platonist, he was also actively involved in the developments of the philosophical school. Besides, he also provided a more detached point of view both regarding numerous religious practices and currents that were permeating the building of ancient pagan religion and the philosophical views of other schools. His combining the insider and the sensitive observer s perspectives make Plutarch a crucial starting point for the understanding of the religious and philosophical discourse of Late Antiquity.

(Text by the editors)

 

Contents

 

Preliminary Material – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta and Israel Muñoz Gallarte

Introduction: Plutarch at the Crossroads of Religion and Philosophy – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta

Plutarch on the Sleeping Soul and the Waking Intellect and Aristotle’s Double Entelechy Concept – Abraham P. Bos

The Doctrine of the Passions: Plutarch, Posidonius and Galen – Francesco Becchi

The Adventitious Motion of the Soul (Plu., De Stoic. repugn. 23, 1045B–F) and the Controversy between Aristo of Chios and the Middle Academy – Raúl Caballero

Plutarch and “Pagan Monotheism” – Frederick E. Brenk

Socrates and Alcibiades: A Notorious σχάυδαλου in the Later Platonist Tradition – Geert Roskam

Salt in the Holy Water: Plutarch’s Quaestiones Naturales in Michael Psellus’ De omnifaria doctrina – Michiel Meeusen

Iacchus in Plutarch – Ana Isabel Jiménez San Cristóbal

Plutarch’s Idea of God in the Religious and Philosophical Context of Late Antiquity – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta

Plutarch as Apollo’s Priest at Delphi – Angelo Casanova

Plutarch’s Attitude towards Astral Biology – Aurelio Pérez Jiménez

“Cicalata sul fascino volgarmente detto jettatura”: Plutarch, Quaestio convivalis 5.7 – Paola Volpe Cacciatore

The Eleusinian Mysteries and Political Timing in the Life of Alcibiades – Delfim F. Leão

Mυτηριώδης θεολοΥία: Plutarch’s fr. 157 Sandbach between Cultual Traditions and Philosophical Models – Rosario Scannapieco

A Non-Fideistic Interpretation of « pistis » in Plutarch’s Writings: The Harmony Between « pistis » and Knowledge – George van Kooten

The Colors of the Souls – Israel Muñoz Gallarte

Bibliography – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta and Israel Muñoz Gallarte

Index locorum – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta and Israel Muñoz Gallarte

Index rerum – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta and Israel Muñoz Gallarte

Index nominum – Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta and Israel Muñoz Gallarte

The Middle Platonists: 80 B.C. to A.D. 220 

 

John M. Dillon  (Author), 1977

 

Table of Contents

Preface
Abbreviations
1 The Old Academy and the Themes of Middle Platonism
2 Antiochus of Ascalon: The Turn to Dogmatism
3 Platonism at Alexandria: Eudorus and Philo
4 Plutarch of Chaeroneia and the Origins of Second-Century Platonism
5 The Athenian School in the Second Century A.D.
6 The ‘School of Gaius’: Shadow and Substance
7 The Neopythagoreans
8 Some Loose Ends
Bibliography
Afterword
General Index
Index of Platonic Passages
Modern Authorities Quoted

Platonism and Forms of Intelligence

 

Ed. by Dillon, John / Zovko, Marie-Elise, 2012

 

The volume contains a collection of papers presented at the International Symposium, which took place in Hvar, Croatia, in 2006. In recent years there has been an upsurge of interest in the study of Plato, Platonism and Neoplatonism. Taking the position that it is of vital importance to establish an ongoing dialogue among scientists, artists, academics, theologians and philosophers concerning pressing issues of common interest to humankind, this collection of papers endeavours to bridge the gap between contemporary research in Platonist philosophy and other fields where insights gained from the study of Plato and Platonist philosophy can be of consequence and benefit.

(Text by the editors)

 

Contents:

 

  1. Platonism and the Physical and Sensible Conditions of Intelligence.

The Origin and Nature of Intelligence – Doner, Jonathan

Embodying Intelligence: Animals and Us in Plato’s Timaeus – Carpenter, Amber

The Question of Platonic Division and Modern Epistemology – Kaldis, Byron

Intelligenza e Intelligibilità nel Timeo di Platone – Ferrari, Franco

 

  1. Platonism and the Ethical Nature of Intelligence.

Irony and the Care of the Soul in Plato’s Early Dialogues – Zovko, Jure

Stepping into the Same Rivers: Consciousness, Personal Identity and the Metaphysical Foundations for Global Ethics – / Kolak, Daniel

 

  1. Platonism on the Intelligent Conditions of Intelligence and Intelligibility.

Thinking about Thought. An Inquiry into the Life of Platonism – de Haas, F. A. J.

Zum Begriff des ‚Geistes‘ in der Frühen Neuzeit. Überlegungen am Beispiel Francesco Patrizi da Chersos – Leinkauf, Thomas

Reminiscence in Plato – Brisson, Luc

Platonismo e scienze della mente: cosa è l’intuizione? – Fronterotta, Francesco

 

  1. Platonism on Intellect, Infinity, and the Intelligibility of Concepts of God.

The Notion of Infinity in Plotinus and Cantor – Mentzeniotis, Dionysis / Stamatellos, Giannis

Nous: Unity in Difference – Beierwaltes, Werner

The One of the Soul and the ‘Flower of the Intellect’. Models of Hyper-intellection in Later Neoplatonism – Dillon, John

The Influence of Platonism on St. Thomas Aquina’s Concept of Mind – Quinn, Patrick

Liberté divine chez Plotin et Jamblique (Traité 39 [VI 8] 7, 11-15 et De mysteriis III, 17-20) – Narbonne, Jean-Marc

 

  1. Platonism and Forms of Intelligence in Art and Education.

Intelligible Beauty and Artistic Creation: The Renaissance Platonism of Judah Abravanel – Hughes, Aaron

La liberté est dans la mémoire: Zur Notwendigkeit des auswendigen Spiels am Beispiel der Werke von Alexander Skrjabin – Stoupel, Vladimir

The Way Up and the Way Back is the Same: The Ascent of Cognition in Plato’s Analogies of the Sun, the Line and the Cave and the Path Intelligence Takes – Zovko, Marie-Élise

Philosophy as a Rite of Rebirth: From Ancient Egypt to Neoplatonism 

 

Algis Uzdavinys (Author), 2008

 

Philosophy as a Rite of Rebirth challenges our understanding of philosophy – indeed it challenges many centuries of assumptions which have reduced othodox philosophy to a shadow of its original.Uzdavinys returns to the very roots of philosophy in Ancient Egypt, and shows why the Greeks revered that land of pyramids and priest-kings as the source of divine wisdom. Bringing his understanding of many great traditions of philosophy – Indian, Islamic, Greek, and others – he presents the case for considering philosophy as a human participation in a theophany, or divine drama. Casting aside the unnatural limitations of modern philosophy, as well as the grave misunderstandings of Egyptologists, radical and exciting possibilities emerge for the serious philosopher. These possibilities will certainly change our view of the universe in general, but most particularly our view of ourselves. The Rebirth of the title is one that implies an expansion of consciousness both upwards towards the divine heights of reality, and outwards to embrace the whole of creation as a living image of the gods. The exercises of philosophy thus move from the rational to the intuitive, onward to pure contemplation and, ultimately, to a god-like energy in the divine drama.

(Text by the author)

 

Table of Contents

 

PREFACE

INTRODUCTION

I – UNDERSTANDING ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY 

  1. Philosophy and the Eternal Wonder
  2. Learning to Live and Learning to Die
  3. Ancient Practices of Wisdom
  4. The True Ancient Philosophy and the Way of Pious Living
  5. Understanding of Ancient Philosophy by Porphyry and Augustine
  6. From the Egyptian Soil to Hellas
  7. Translatability of Divine Names in Ancient Civilizations
  8. Heracles and Philosophical Ascent
  9. From Akhenaten to Thales
  10. Thales and the Egyptian Myths
  11. Water as Metaphysical Principle and Divine Substance
  12. Metaphysical Meaning of Ancient Mythologies
  13. Pythagorean Numbers and their Paradigms
  14. Standing on the Solar Barque
  15. Celestial Nile as the Cause of Geometry
  16. The Apollonian Road to Rebirth
  17. Philosophy as Divine Mystagogy and Beneficial Madness
  18. Philosophy and the Power of Faith: Towards the Final Union

 

II – ETERNAL MEASURES AND SYMBOLS OF EGYPTIAN SAGES 

  1. On the Back of the Heavenly Cow
  2. Proteus and the Egyptian Wisdom
  3. Allegorical Myths and Philosophy in the Temples
  4. Porphyry De abstinentia IV.6-9
  5. Sacred Animals, Philosophers, and Cosmic Numbers
  6. Hieratic Powers and Symbols of the Ineffable Father
  7. Philosophical Life of the Egyptian Priests
  8. Proximity of the Gods and the Bau of Amun
  9. Perfumes, Images, and Contemplations
  10. Divine Knowledge and Paradigms for Philosophical Mysteries
  11. Priests and Spiritual Guides
  12. Egyptian Scribes and the Way of Imhotep
  13. Amenhotep and Theology of Amun

 

III – IN THE REALM OF DIVINE SEMIOTICS 

  1. The Ramesside Icon and Three Hypostases of Plotinus
  2. Back to One‟s Native Star
  3. Archetypal Foundation of Hieroglyphic Signs and Colours
  4. Divine Ideas and Symbols
  5. Symbolic Interpretation of Hieroglyphic Script
  6. Return to the Golden Age and Paradigms to be Imitated
  7. Hieratic Myths and Symbols
  8. All Things and All Hieroglyphs
  9. Ancient Theories of Ideas
  10. Proclus ‟ Conception of Divine Forms and Unities

 

IV – BEING IN ANCIENT EGYPTIAN AND NEOPLATONIC THOUGHT 

  1. From Eidology to Metaphysics of Being and Beyond-Being
  2. Hierarchy of Priority and Posteriority
  3. Indivisible and Divisible Being
  4. The One as Foundation of Being
  5. Incomprehensible Divine Unities
  6. Images of Divine Light
  7. The One and Many according to Egyptians
  8. Levels of Being and Non-being
  9. The Lord of Totality and His Magic
  10. Cosmogonical and Ontological Principles
  11. Invisible God and His Theophanies

 

V – RITUALS OF DEIFICATION AND THEURGIC ASCENT 

  1. Depreciation of Hieratic Rites
  2. Rituals and Sacred Masks
  3. Climbing to the Divine State
  4. Cosmos and the Sacred Harmony of Strings
  5. On the Wing of Thoth: the Theurgic Way of Ra
  6. Divine Triads in Egyptian and Neoplatonic Thought
  7. Theurgic Assimilation to the Gods
  8. Deification through the Eye of Horus
  9. Spiritual Teachers and Sacred Masters
  10. Radiant Power of Names and Flight to the Throne
  11. Theurgic Union with the Divine Principle
  12. Intellect of the Father and His Cosmic Drama
  13. Elevating Powers in the Pharaonic State-Body
  14. The Perfect Man who Slew the Lords
  15. Theurgic Rites and Sacramental Theologies

 

VI – ANIMATION OF STATUES IN ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS  AND NEOPLATONISM 

  1. Sacred Images and Idols
  2. Vehicles of Divine Forces
  3. The Living Images of Everlasting Gods
  4. Animation as Ritual of Union with the Descending Rays of Ra
  5. Opening of the Mouth and Awakening to Light
  6. The Sacramental Birth of Statues in Mesopotamia and Egypt
  7. The Way of the Golden Falcon
  8. When the Womb-like Tomb is Opened
  9. Divine Beauty and the Inner Golden Statue: From Egyptian Theology to Plotinus

 

VII – TELESTIC TRANSFORMATION AND PHILOSOPHICAL REBIRTH 

  1. Philosophy in the Tomb-Sanctuary
  2. The Tomb as a Threshold of Light
  3. Sacrificial Alchemy of Tombs and Altars
  4. Alchemical Passage through Death
  5. Mummification and Dialectic
  6. Musicians, Lovers, and Philosophers
  7. Divine Knowledge and Theurgic Prayers
  8. Intellect as the Spirit of Light
  9. The Osirian Initiation and Separation from the Mortal Body
  10. Resurrection of the Golden Phoenix
  11. Two Ways of theAmduat 
  12. The Union of Osiris and Ra
  13. The Inner Alchemical Work and Return to Itself
  14. Metaphysics of the Heart
  15. Understanding of Soul and Body
  16. The Homecoming of Odysseus
  17. From the Homeric Ghost to the Immortal Soul of Plato
  18. Reawakening of Intellect and Rehabilitation of Images

 

GLOSSARY

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

CATALOGUE

Christian Metaphysics and Neoplatonism: by Albert Camus

 

Albert Camus  (Author), Ronald D. Srigley (Translator, Introduction), 2008

 

Contemporary scholarship tends to view Albert Camus as a modern, but he himself was conscious of the past and called the transition from Hellenism to Christianity the true and only turning point in history. For Camus, modernity was not fully comprehensible without an examination of the aspirations that were first articulated in antiquity and that later received their clearest expression in Christianity. These aspirations amounted to a fundamental reorientation of human life in politics, religion, science, and philosophy. Understanding the nature and achievement of that reorientation became the central task of Christian Metaphysics and Neoplatonism. Primarily known through its inclusion in a French omnibus edition, it has remained one of Camus’ least-read works, yet it marks his first attempt to understand the relationship between Greek philosophy and Christianity as he charted the movement from the Gospels through Gnosticism and Plotinus to what he calls Augustine’s second revelation of the Christian faith. Ronald Srigley’s translation of this seminal document helps illuminate these aspects of Camus’ work. His freestanding English edition exposes readers to an important part of Camus’ thought that is often overlooked by those concerned primarily with the book’s literary value and supersedes the extant McBride translation by retaining a greater degree of literalness. Srigley has fully annotated Christian Metaphysics to include nearly all of Camus’ original citations and has tracked down many poorly identified sources. When Camus cites an ancient primary source, whether in French translation or in the original language, Srigley substitutes a standard English translation in the interest of making his edition accessible to a wider range of readers. His introduction places the text in the context of Camus’ better-known later work, explicating its relationship to those mature writings and exploring how its themes were reworked in subsequent books. Arguing that Camus was one of the great critics of modernity through his attempt to disentangle the Greeks from the Christians, Srigley clearly demonstrates the place of Christian Metaphysics in Camus’ oeuvre. As the only stand-alone English version of this important work–and a long-overdue critical edition–his fluent translation is an essential benchmark in our understanding of Camus and his place in modern thought.

(Text by the editor)

 

Contents

 

Acknowledgements

Translator’s Introduction

 

Introduction

  1. Evangelical Christianity
  2. Gnosis
  3. Mystic Reason
  4. Augustine

 

Conclusion

Bibliography

Index

Philosophy and Theurgy in Late Antiquity 

 

Algis Uzdavinys (Author), John Finamore (Foreword), jan/2010

 

The Ancient Philosophy, in its original Orphico-Pythagorean and Platonic form, is not simply a way of life in accordance with the divine or human intellect (nous), but also the way of alchemical transformation and mystical illumination achieved through initiatic “death” and subsequent restoration at the level of divine light. As a means of spiritual reintegration and unification, ancient philosophy is inseparable from the hieratic rites. The theurgic “animation” of statues appears to be among the main keys for understanding how various royal and priestly practices, related to the daily ritual service and encounter with the divine presence in the temples, developed into the Neoplatonic mysticism of late antiquity.

(Text by the author)

 

Contents

 

Foreword

Introduction

  1. The origins and meaning of philosophy

Eidothea and Proteus: the veiled images of philosophy

The distinction between philosophical life and philosophical discourse

Standing face to face with immortality

Philosophy and the hieratic rites of ascent

The task of ‘Egyptian philosophy’: to connect the end to the beginning

The Kronian life of spectator: ‘to follow one’s heart in the tomb’

Thauma idesthai: ‘a wonder to behold’

The invincible warriors as models of philosophical lifestyle

The inward journey to the place of truth

To be like Osiris

The death which detaches form the inferior

Entering the solar barque of Atum-Ra

Philosophical initiations in the Netherworld

Self-knowledge and return to one’s innermost self

Recovered unity of Dionysus in ourselves

Philosophical mummification inside the cosmic tomb

Platonic dialectic: the science of purificarion and restoration of unity

Philosophy as a rite of becoming like God

The ancient logos and its sacramental function

Riddles of the cosmic Myth

Philosophy, magic, and laughter

 

  1. Voices of the fire : ancient theurgy and its tools

Definitions of theurgy in antiquity

Descending lights and animated cult images

Figures, names, and tokens of the divine speech

The prophet Bitys and the overwhelming Name of God

The descending and ascending paths of Heka

The Silence beforer the gods and its creative magic

Hekate’s golden ball as a rotating ‘vocal image’ of the Father

The Sounding breaths of the All-Working Fire

The Elevating rays of the resounding light

The rites of hieratic invocation and ascent

The Tantric alchemy and the Osirian mummification

Golden seeds of the noetic Fire

Theurgic speech of the birds and solar knowledge

Tongues of the gods and their songs

Back to the life-giving wombs and the ineffable Silence

Chanting out the universe by the Name of everything

When Orontes flowed into Tiber: the revived tradition

 

  1. Sacred images and animated statues in antiquity

Myth and symbol: what makes the impossible happen?

Metaphysics of creation and its images in pharaonic Egypt

Theogonic appearances and animated stones

Theology of images and its esoteric dimension

Privileged habitations for the immortal gods

Beholding the ineffable beauties

Divine bodies and representations in Indian Tantrism

Sense perception and intellection in Neoplatonism

Divine light and luminous vehicle of the soul

Divine presence in images

Living images of the Egyptian gods

To be made into a spirit of light

Rites of alchemical transformation

The opening of the statue’s mouth

Mystical union with the noetic Sun

Revelation of the divine face

Divine statues and their sacred gifts

Salvation as return to the divine

 

  1. Metaphysical symbols and their function in theurgy

Symbols as ontological traces of the divine

The anagogic power of secret names and tokens

Animated theurgic hieroglyphs of the hidden Amun

Neoplatonic rites of metaphysical reversion

The ineffable statues of trancendent light

 

  1. Divine rites and philosophy in neoplatonism.

Ritual and cosmic order

The aim of philosophy

Different aspects of divine acts

Theurgy and spiritual hermeneutics

Hieratic rites of ascent

The common metaphysical background

Philosophers as sacred statues

To be reborn into the solar world

The cosmic theatre of sacrificial fires

Golden cords of Apollo

The shining forth like a god

 

Appendix: The limits of Speculation in Neoplatonism

The Hermeneutical program of reading Neoplatonism

Non-discursive divine presence and relational transcendence

Masks and tongues of the ineffable

The distinction between looking up at the Sun and looking down at reflections

Modes of intellection and union

To live means to read

Golden cords of Apollo

The shining forth like a god

 

Bilbiography of works on Philosophy&Theurgy

Glossary of terms

Biographical note

Approaching Late Antiquity

The Transformation from Early to Late Empire

 

Edited by Simon Swain and Mark Edwards, 2006

 

What factors already present in the society of the High Roman Empire developed and expanded into the world of Late Antiquity? What was distinct in this period from what went before? The answers to these complex and fascinating questions embrace the fields of cultural history, politics, ideas, art, philosophy, pagan religion, Christian church, Greek and Latin literature, the army, the law, the provinces, settlement, and the economy. Approaching Late Antiquity is an illustrated collection of fifteen original essays on the later Roman world written by a galaxy of internationally known scholars.

(Text by the editors)

 

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction, Simon Swain
  2. Economic Change and the Transition to Late Antiquity, Richard Duncan Jones
  3. A New Golden Age? The Northern Praefactura Urbi from the Severans to Diocletian, Emanuele Papi
  4. Transition and Change in Diocletian’s Egypt: Province and Empire in the Late Third Century, Colin Adams
  5. Roman Law 200 to 400 AD: From Cosmopolis to Rechtstaat?, Tony Honoré
  6. Roman Citizenship and Roman Law in the Late Empire, Peter Garnsey
  7. Emperors and Armies, AD 235-395, Michael Whitby
  8. Romanitas and the Church of Rome, Mark Edwards
  9. Pagan and Christian Monotheism in the Age of Constantine, Mark Edwards
  10. The Transformations of Imperial Church going in the Fourth Century, Neil McLynn
  11. Late Antique Art: the Problem of the Concept and the Cumulative Aesthetic, Jas Elsner
  12. Painted Hellenes: Mummy Portraits from Late Roman Egypt, Susan Walker
  13. Poetry and Literary Culture in Late Antiquity, Alan Cameron
  14. Sophists and Emperors: the Case of Libanius, Simon Swain
  15. Philosophy as a Profession in Late Antiquity, John Dillon