Religion in the Roman Empire

 

Volume 4 (2018)

 

Religion in the Roman Empire (RRE) is bold in the sense that it intends to further and document new and integrative perspectives on religion in the Ancient World combining multidisciplinary methodologies. Starting from the notion of « lived religion » it will offer a space to take up recent, but still incipient, research to modify and cross the disciplinary boundaries of History of Religion, Archaeology, Anthropology, Classics, Ancient History, Jewish History, Rabbinics, New Testament, Early Christianity, Patristics, Coptic Studies, Gnostic and Manichean Studies, Late Antiquity and Oriental Languages. We hope to stimulate the development of new approaches that can encompass the local and global trajectories of the multidimensional pluralistic religions of antiquity.

Each volume consists of three issues a year, each of approximately 130 pages in length. It includes an editorial, five to seven main articles, and book reviews. All articles and contributions that exceed 8 pages in length are double-blind peer-reviewed. All articles and contributions are in English.

The first issues deal with « Lived Religion: Appropriations of Religion and Meanings in Situations, » « Understanding Objects in Religious Contexts » and with « Practices and Groups, » bringing together studies on textual and archaeological material from all areas of the Mediterranean.

(Text by the editors)

 

Table of Contents

 

Ascetism in the Late Roman Empire

Roberto Alciati – Introduction: The Ascetic Use of the Body

Catherine Hezser – Self-Control in a World Controlled By Others: Palestinian Rabbinic ‘Asceticism’ in Late Antiquity

Andrea Piras – Sealing the Body: Theory and Practices of Manichaean Asceticism

Roberto Alciati – The Ascetic Knowledge: The Importance of Sense-Perception in Ancient Christian Asceticism

 

Open Submissions

Brandon Walker – With Peter at the Games: Ritual Memory and the »Acts of Peter«

Petter Spjut – The Counterfeit Spirit and the Concept of Fate in the »Apocryphon of John« : An Analysis of the Narrative Structure in NH II 20:9–21:12 and NH II 27:33–28:32

 

Discussing Religious Change – A Panel of Jörg Rüpke’s « Pantheon: A New History of Roman Religion »

Jan N. Bremmer – Jörg Rüpke’s »Pantheon«

Corinne Bonnet – Coping with »Pantheon«

Judith M. Lieu – Jörg Rüpke’s »Pantheon«: Some Personal Reflections

Zsuzsanna Varhelyi – Jörg Rüpke’s »Pantheon«: A Comprehensive History of Lived Religion in Ancient Rome

Jörg Rüpke – Reflecting on Dealing with Religious Change

Platão

 

Cornelli, Gabriele (coord.); Lopes, Rodolfo (coord.), Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra, 2018

 

O que esperar de um compêndio a Platão em língua portuguesa? Antes de mais nada, que possa constituir-se em uma chave de entrada no vasto e profundo mar dos estudos platônicos com a marca da diversidade de abordagens que constituem hoje quiçá a característica mais marcante da scholarship lusófona, especialmente quando comparada com outras comunidades geopolíticas, mais marcadas por certa homogeneidade de estilos e hermenêuticas. O leitor encontrará nesta obra uma polifonia de metodologias e referências que desejam conduzi-lo a um olhar mais abrangente e generoso para com Platão e seus comentadores. A busca pela diversidade de abordagens levou os editores também a convidar para este projeto estudiosos não-lusófonos de primeira-linha. Ao mesmo tempo em que estes contribuem em sua totalidade com contribuições originais traduzidas para o português, a seleção de cada um deles teve como critério o seu histórico de cooperação com a comunidade de platonistas de língua portuguesa, notoriamente aberta a diálogos fecundos com as tradições mais variadas.

(Text by the authors)

 

SUMÁRIO

 

Vida – Fialho, Maria do Céu; Koike, Katsuzo

Academia– Cornelli, Gabriele

Doutrinas não-escritas– Mesquita, António Pedro

Ordenação dos Diálogos – Lopes, Rodolfo

 Pré-Socráticos – Bordoy, Francesc Casadesús

 Sofistas – McKirahan, Richard

 Sócrates – Benoit, Hector

 Linguagem – Santos, José Gabriel Trindade

 Dialética – Casertano, Giovanni

 Epistemologia – Fronterotta, Francesco

 Teoria das Ideias – Ferrari, Franco

 Cosmologia – Brisson, Luc

 Matemática – Puente, Fernando Rey

 Princípios – Perine, Marcelo

 Psicologia – Robinson, Tom

 Ética e política – Vegetti, Mario

 Gênero – Renaut, Olivier

 Medicina – Marino, Silvio

 Religião – Bernabé, Alberto

 Retórica – Lopes, Daniel Rossi Nunes

 Poética – Santoro, Fernando

 

Versão em PDF para download

The Tradition of Hermes Trismegistus.
The Egyptian Priestly Figure as a Teacher of Hellenized Wisdom

 

Christian H. Bull, 2018

Series: Religions in the Graeco-Roman World, Volume: 186

 

In The Tradition of Hermes Trismegistus, Christian H. Bull argues that the treatises attributed to Hermes Trismegistus reflect the spiritual exercises and ritual practices of loosely organized brotherhoods in Egypt. These small groups were directed by Egyptian priests educated in the traditional lore of the temples, but also conversant with Greek philosophy. Such priests, who were increasingly dispossessed with the gradual demise of the Egyptian temples, could find eager adherents among a Greek-speaking audience seeking for the wisdom of the Egyptian Hermes, who was widely considered to be an important source for the philosophies of Pythagoras and Plato. The volume contains a comprehensive analysis of the myths of Hermes Trismegistus, a reevaluation of the Way of Hermes, and a contextualization of this ritual tradition.

(Text by the author)

 

Contents:

 

Introduction

Who is Hermes Trismegistus?

The Myth of Hermes Trismegistus

The Primordial Egyptian Kings in the Hermetica

Conclusion to Part 1

What is the Way of Hermes?

Introduction to the Way of Hermes

The Ritual of Rebirth

Heavenly Ascent: The Discourse on the Eighth and the Ninth (NHC VI,6)

Conclusion to Part 2

Who Were the Hermetists?—Situating the Way of Hermes

The True Philosophy of Hermes

The Magician and the Temple

The Egyptian Priesthoods and Temples

Conclusion

Bibliography

Index of Ancient Sources

Plato Latinus. Aspects de la transmission de Platon en Latin dans l’Antiquité

 

Jean-Baptiste Guillaumin et Carlos Lévy (éd.), Turnhout, 2018.

 

Collection : Philosophie hellénistique et romaine

Recueil d’études sur la présence du platonisme dans la littérature latine antique.
Si Platon constitue, pour les auteurs latins, une autorité et une figure de référence, la philosophie “platonicienne” a connu, de l’époque tardo-républicaine à l’Antiquité tardive, de nombreuses adaptations et réinterprétations dans la littérature latine, de l’œuvre pionnière d’un Cicéron à la somme théorique léguée au Moyen Âge par un Boèce. De fait, durant cet intervalle de quelque six siècles, les auteurs qui se réclament de Platon adoptent successivement différentes attitudes philosophiques à l’égard du corpus platonicien et recourent à toute une gamme de genres et de formes littéraires pour en exposer les contours. Ils se sont montrés fidèles en cela à la tradition platonicienne qui, dès l’origine, a refusé de se figer dans une orthodoxie dogmatique. Sans prétendre à l’exhaustivité, les différentes contributions réunies dans ce volume cherchent à apporter des éclairages complémentaires sur les différents moments du platonisme latin et sur la variété des approches qui le caractérisent, mettant ainsi en évidence la richesse protéiforme du Plato Latinus.

(Text by the editors)

 

Table of Contents

C. Lévy & J.-B. Guillaumin, Présentation
T. Reinhardt, Antiochus of Ascalon on Epistemology in the Academic Tradition
F. Renaud, Le projet platonicien d’une rhétorique philosophique et son rapport à la politique chez Cicéron
F. Prost, Le Laelius de Cicéron et le Lysis de Platon
P. Donini, Le fonti medioplatoniche di Seneca : Antioco, la conoscenza e le idee – reprise d’un article de 1977
C. Moreschini, Dio e dèi in Apuleio
A. Setaioli, La citazione di Plotino in Servio, ad. Aen. 9.182
J.-B. Guillaumin, De la représentation mythologique à l’ontologie néoplatonicienne : rôle et statut des dieux chez Martianus Capella
B. Bakhouche, Les Hebraica dans le Commentaire au Timée de Calcidius
A.-I. Bouton-Touboulic, Os illud Platonis : Platonisme, scepticisme et néoplatonisme dans le Contra Academicos d’Augustin
Min-Jun Huh, Les questions sur les universaux dans le premier commentaire de Boèce à l’Isagogè et le débat Plotin-Porphyre autour de l’ousia
Bibliographie générale
Index locorum


Edited by Cilliers Breytenbach and Julien M. Ogereau, 2018

 

Series: Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity, Volume: 103

This book explores how early Christian communities constructed, developed, and asserted their identity and authority in various socio-cultural contexts in Asia Minor and Greece in the first five centuries CE. With the help of the database Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae (ICG), special attention is given to ancient inscriptions which represent a rich and valuable source of information on the early Christians’ social and religious identity, family networks, authority structures, and place and function in society. This collection of essays by various specialists of Early Christianity, Epigraphy, and Late Antiquity, offers a broad geographical survey of the expansion and socio-cultural development of Christianity/ies in Asia Minor and Greece, and sheds new light on the religious transformation of the Later Roman Empire. (Text by the editors)

 

Contents:

Preface

List of Abbreviations

Notes on Contributors

 

Early Christianity in Asia Minor

Pagane Relikte in der Spätantike: Griechische Katasterinschriften als religionsgeschichtliche Quellen – By: Ulrich Huttner

The Acts of John and Christian Communities in Ephesus in the Mid-Second Century AD – By: Paul Trebilco

Graeco-Roman Associations, Judean Synagogues and Early Christianity in Bithynia-Pontus – By: Markus Öhler

Frühes Christentum in Galatien: Inschriften aus dem südlichen Haymana-Hochland – By: Jennifer Krumm

Präsentation und Selbstrepräsentation von Christinnen auf lykaonischen Grabinschriften – By: Christiane Zimmermann

Relational Identity and Roman Name-Giving among Lycaonian Christians – By: Cilliers Breytenbach

Die Löwen der Berge: Lebendige, steinerne und literarische Löwen im Rauhen Kilikien – By: Philipp Pilhofer

 

Early Christianity in Greece, the Southern Balkans, and Beyond

Early Christian Inscriptions from the Corinthia and the Peloponnese – By: Erkki Sironen

Authority and Identity in the Early Christian Inscriptions from Macedonia – By: Julien M. Ogereau

The Authority of Paul’s Memory and Early Christian Identity at Philippi – By: Cédric Brélaz

Stobi in Late Antiquity: Epigraphic Testimonia – By: Slavica Babamova

The Formation of a Pauline Letter Collection in Light of Roman Epigraphic Evidence – By: Laura S. Nasrallah

The Use of Greek in the Early Christian Inscriptions from Rome and Italy (3rd–4th Cent.) – By: Antonio E. Felle

From Aphrodite(s) to Saintly Bishops in Late Antique Cyprus – By: Georgios Deligiannakis


By : Brent Nongbri, 2018

 

A provocative book from a highly original scholar, challenging much of what we know about early Christian manuscripts.

In this bold and groundbreaking book, Brent Nongbri provides an up-to-date introduction to the major collections of early Christian manuscripts and demonstrates that much of what we thought we knew about these books and fragments is mistaken. While biblical scholars have expended much effort in their study of the texts contained within our earliest Christian manuscripts, there has been a surprising lack of interest in thinking about these books as material objects with individual, unique histories. We have too often ignored the ways that the antiquities market obscures our knowledge of the origins of these manuscripts.

Through painstaking archival research and detailed studies of our most important collections of early Christian manuscripts, Nongbri vividly shows how the earliest Christian books are more than just carriers of texts or samples of handwriting. They are three-dimensional archaeological artifacts with fascinating stories to tell, if we’re willing to listen. 
(Text by the author)

 

Contents:

Acknowledgements

Map Showing locations in Egypt

Prologue – Reintroducing the earliest christian manuscripts

1 – The early christian book

2 – The dating game

3 – Finding early christian books in Egypt

4 – A discovery “which threw all other in the shade” : The beatty biblical papyri

5 – An elusive collection : The bodmer papyri

6 – Excavating christian litter an Literature at Oxyrhynchus

7 – Fabricating a second-century codex of the four gospels

Epilogue – The future of ancient christian books

Appendix : Christian books from Oxyrhynchus

Notes Bibliography


Edited by : Stanley E. Porter and Andrew W. Pitts, 2018

 

Series: Texts and Editions for New Testament Study, Volume: 12

Christian Origins and the Establishment of the Early Jesus Movement explores the events, people, and writings surrounding the founding of the early Jesus movement in the mid to late first century. The essays are divided into four parts, focused upon the movement’s formation, the production of its early Gospels, description of the Jesus movement itself, and the Jewish mission and its literature. This collection of essays includes chapters by a global cast of scholars from a variety of methodological and critical viewpoints, and continues the important Early Christianity in its Hellenistic Context series. (Text by the editors)

 

Contents :

Preface

Abbreviations

List of Contributors

 

Christian Origins and the Establishment of the Early Jesus Movement: An Introduction – By: Stanley E. Porter and Andrew W. Pitts

 

The Formation of the Jesus Movement and Its Precursors

John the Baptist in the Fourth Gospel – By: Clare K. Rothschild

John’s Baptist in Luke’s Gospel – By: John DelHousaye

From John to Apollos to Paul: How the Baptism of John Entered the Jesus Movement – By: Stephen J. Patterson

Followers, Servants, and Traitors: The Representation of Disciples in the Synoptic Gospels and in Ancient Judaism – By: Catherine Hezser

 

Production of Early Christian Gospels

The Pre-citation Fallacy in New Testament Scholarship and Sanders’s Tendencies of the Synoptic Tradition – By: Stanley E. Porter and Andrew W. Pitts

Was Matthew a Plagiarist? Plagiarism in Greco-Roman Antiquity – By: E. Randolph Richards

Compositional Techniques within Plutarch and the Gospel Tradition – By: Michael R. Licona

The Narrative Perspective of the Fourth Gospel – By: Hans Förster

Assessing the Criteria for Differentiating the Cross Gospel – By: Stanley E. Porter and Andrew W. Pitts

 

Early Christian Descriptions of the Jesus Movement

From Jesus to Lord and Other Contributions of the Early Aramaic-Speaking Congregation in Jerusalem – By: F. Stanley Jones

Did Jesus, in the Memory of His Earliest Followers, Ever Nurse the Sick? – By: Steven Thompson

The Kingdom of God is among You: Prospects for a Q Community – By: Sarah E. Rollens

An Imminent Parousia and Christian Mission: Did the New Testament Writers Really Expect Jesus’s Imminent Return? – By: Mark Keown

Christian Origins and Imperial-Critical Studies of the New Testament Gospels – By: Warren Carter

“No Stone Left upon Another”: Considering Mark’s Temple Motif in Narrative and History – By: Adam Winn

The Holy Spirit as Witness of Jesus in the Canonical Gospels – By: Judith Stack

New Exodus Traditions in Earliest Christianity – By: Nicholas Perrin

Sea Storms, Divine Rescues, and the Tribulation: The Jonah Motif in the Book of Matthew – By: Susan M. Rieske

The Parables of Jesus and Socrates – By: Adam Z. Wright

 

The Jewish Mission and Its Literature

Why Have We Stopped Reading the Catholic Epistles Together? Tracing the Early Reception of a Collection – By: Darian Lockett

A Jewish Denial: 1 John and the Johannine Mission – By: Matthew Jensen

Love One Another and Love the World: The Love Command and Jewish Ethics in the Johannine Community – By: Beth M. Stovell

The New Perspective (on Paul) on Peter: Cornelius’s Conversion, the Antioch Incident, and Peter’s Stance towards Gentiles in the Light of the Philosophy of Historiography – By: Christoph Heilig

Tradition as Interpretation: Linguistic Structure and the Citation of Scripture in 1 Peter 2:1–10 – By: Andrew W. Pitts

1 Peter and the Theological Logic of Christian Familial Imagery – By: Matthew R. Malcolm

Round Trip to Hades in the Eastern Mediterranean Tradition. Visits to the Underworld from Antiquity to Byzantium

 

Editors: Gunnel Ekroth and Ingela Nilsson, 2018

 

Round Trip to Hades in the Eastern Mediterranean Tradition explores how the theme of visiting the Underworld and returning alive has been treated, transmitted and transformed in the ancient Greek and Byzantine traditions. The journey was usually a descent (katabasis) into a dark and dull place, where forgetfulness and punishment reigned, but since ‘everyone’ was there, it was also a place that offered opportunities to meet people and socialize. Famous Classical round trips to Hades include those undertaken by Odysseus and Aeneas, but this pagan topic also caught the interest of Christian writers. The contributions of the present volume allow the reader to follow the passage from pagan to Christian representations of Hades – a passage that may seem surprisingly effortless.

(Text by the editors)

 

Contents

 

Round Trip to Hades

An Introductory Tour – By: Gunnel Ekroth and Ingela Nilsson

 

Travels to the Beyond

A Guide – By: Fritz Graf

 

Hades, Homer and the Hittites

The Cultic-Cultural Context of Odysseus’ ‘Round Trip’ to the Underworld – By: Gunnel Ekroth

 

Divine Bondage and Katabaseis in Hesiod’s Theogony

By: Ivana Petrovic and Andrej Petrovic

 

Introducing Oneself in Hades

Two ‘Orphic’ Formulas Reconsidered – By: Scott Scullion

 

Pathein and Mathein in the Descents to Hades

By: Miguel Herrero de Jáuregui

 

From Alkestis to Archidike

Thessalian Attitudes to Death and the Afterlife – By: Sofia Kravaritou and Maria Stamatopoulou

 

Round Trip to Hades

Herakles’ Advice and Directions – By: Annie Verbanck-Piérard

 

Hades in Hellenistic Philosophy (The Early Academy and Stoicism)

By: Adrian Mihai

 

Following the Dead to the Underworld

An Archaeological Approach to Graeco-Roman Death Oracles – By: Wiebke Friese

 

The Sounds of Katabasis

Bellowing, Roaring, and Hissing at the Crossing of Impervious Boundaries – By: Pierre Bonnechere

 

Down There and Back Again

Variations on the Katabasis Theme in Lucian – By: Heinz-Günther Nesselrath

 

From Hades to Hell

Christian Visions of the Underworld (2nd–5th centuries ce) – By: Zissis D. Ainalis

 

The Virgin in Hades

By: Thomas Arentzen

 

Why did Hades Become Beautiful in Byzantine Art?

By: Henry Maguire

 

Hades Meets Lazarus

The Literary Katabasis in Twelfth-Century Byzantium – By: Ingela Nilsson

 

“Heaven for Climate, Hell for Company”

Byzantine Satirical Katabaseis – By: Przemysław Marciniak

 

Many (Un)Happy Returns

Ancient Greek Concepts of a Return from Death and Their Later Counterparts – By: Sarah Iles Johnston

 

Epilogue

Below the Tree of Life – By: Eric Cullhed and Sigrid Schottenius Cullhed

A History of Mind and Body in Late Antiquity

 

Edited by Anna Marmodoro and Sophie Cartwright, 2018

The mind-body relation was at the forefront of philosophy and theology in late antiquity, a time of great intellectual innovation. This volume, the first integrated history of this important topic, explores ideas about mind and body during this period, considering both pagan and Christian thought about issues such as resurrection, incarnation and asceticism. A series of chapters presents cutting-edge research from multiple perspectives, including history, philosophy, classics and theology. Several chapters survey wider themes which provide context for detailed studies of the work of individual philosophers including Numenius, Pseudo-Dionysius, Damascius and Augustine. Wide-ranging and accessible, with translations given for all texts in the original language, this book will be essential for students and scholars of late antique thought, the history of religion and theology, and the philosophy of mind. (Text by the editors)

 

Contents :

 

Contributors

Abbreviations

 

Introduction – By Anna Marmodoro, Sophie Cartwright

Chapter 1 – The Late Ancient Philosophical Scene – By Edward Watts

 

Part I – Mind and Body in Late Antique Pagan Philosophy

 

Chapter 2 – Theories of Mind in the Hellenistic Period – By Christopher Shields

Chapter 3 – Numenius – By Mark Edwards

Chapter 4 – Plotinus – By Lloyd P. Gerson

Chapter 5 – Porphyry – By Andrew Smith

Chapter 6 – Iamblichus – By John F. Finamore

Chapter 7 – Themistius – By Frans A. J. de Haas

Chapter 8 – Proclus – By Jan Opsomer

Chapter 9 – Damascius – By Sara Ahbel-Rappe

 

Part II – Mind and Body in Early Christian Thought

 

Chapter 10 – Soul and Body in Early Christianity – By Sophie Cartwright

Chapter 11 – The Christian Conception of the Body and Paul’s Use of the Term Sōma in 1 Corinthians – By Vito Limone

Chapter 12 – The Ensoulment of the Body in Early Christian Thought – By Benjamin P. Blosser

Chapter 13 – Christian Asceticism – By Kevin Corrigan

Chapter 14 – Origen – By Ilaria Ramelli

Chapter 15 – Basil of Caesarea – By Claudio Moreschini

Chapter 16 – Gregory of Nyssa – By Ilaria Ramelli

Chapter 17 – Gregory of Nazianzus – By Brian Matz

Chapter 18 – Synesius of Cyrene – By Jay Bregman

Chapter 19 – Augustine – By Giovanni Catapano

Chapter 20 – Dionysius the Areopagite – By Wiebke-Marie Stock

 

Bibliography

General Index

Index of Ancient and Medieval Thinkers

Index of Greek, Hebrew and Latin Terms

Index of Modern Authors

Neoplatonic Demons and Angels

 

Editors: Luc Brisson, Seamus O’Neill and Andrei Timotin, 2018

 

Neoplatonic Demons and Angels is a collection of eleven studies which examine, in chronological order, the place reserved for angels and demons not only by the main Neoplatonic philosophers (Plotinus, Porphyry, Iamblichus, and Proclus), but also in Gnosticism, the Chaldaean Oracles, Christian Neoplatonism, especially by Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite. This volume originates from a panel held at the 2014 ISNS meeting in Lisbon, but is supplemented by a number of invited papers.

(Text by the editors)

 

Contents:

Introduction

The Daimon and the Choice of Life in Plotinus’ Thought By: Thomas Vidart

The Angels in Ancient Gnosis: Some Cases By: Madeleine Scopello

Demons and Angels in the Chaldaean Oracles By: Helmut Seng

What is a Daimon for Porphyry? By: Luc Brisson

Porphyry of Tyre on the Daimon, Birth and the Stars By: Dorian Gieseler Greenbaum

Daimones in Porphyry’s On the Cave of the Nymphs By: Nilufer Akcay

Evil Demons in the De Mysteriis Assessing the Iamblichean Critique of Porphyry’s Demonology By: Seamus O’Neill

Proclus’ Critique of Plotinus’ Demonology By: Andrei Timotin

The Angels in Proclus: Messengers of the Gods By: Luc Brisson

Ontology, Henadology, Angelology. The Neoplatonic Roots of Angelic Hierarchy By: Ghislain Casas

Dionysius the Areopagite on Angels. Self-Constitution versus Constituting Gifts By: Marilena Vlad

Index