Platonic Pathways

Selected Papers from the Fourteenth Annual Conference of the International Society for Neoplatonic Studies

 

Edited by John F Finamore and Danielle A. Layne, 2018

 

This anthology of 16 essays by scholars from around the world is published in association with the International Society for Neoplatonic Studes: it contains many of the papers presented in their 2016 annual conference.

(Text by the editors)

 

Contents:

 

The Significance of Initiation Rituals in Plato’s Meno – Michael Romero

Plato’s Timaean Psychology – John Finamore

The Creative Thinker: A New Reading of Numenius fr. 16.10-12 – Joshua Langseth

First Philosophy, Abstract Objects, and Divine Aseity: Aristotle and Plotinus – Robert M. Berchman

Plotinus on philia and its Empedoclean origin – Giannis Stamatellos

In What Sense Does the One Exist? Existence and Hypostasis in Plotinus – Michael Wiitala and Paul DiRado

A Double-Edged Sword: Porphyry on the Perils and Profits of Demonological Inquiry – Seamus O’Neill

Alienation and Divinization: Iamblichus’ Theurgic Vision – Gregory Shaw

Iamblichus’ method for creating Theurgic Sacrifice – Sam Webster

The Understanding of Time and Eternity in the polemic between Eunomius, Basil the Great and Gregory of Nyssa – Tomasz Stępień

Tension in the soul: A Stoic/Platonic concept in Plutarch, Proclus, and Simplicius – Marilynn Lawrence

Peritrope in Damascius as the Apparatus of Speculative Ontology – Tyler Tritten

Mysticism, Apocalypticism, and Platonism – Ilaria Ramelli

Philosophy and Commentary: Evaluating Simplicius on the Presocratics – Bethany Parsons

From Embryo to Saint: a Thomist Account of Being Human – Melissa Rovig Vanden Bout

From the Neoplatonizing Christian Gnosticism of Philip K. Dick to the Neoplatonizing Hermetic Gnosticism of Ralph Waldo Emerson – Jay Bregman

The Gospel of Thomas and Plato

A Study of the Impact of Platonism on the “Fifth Gospel”

Ivan Miroshnikov, 2018

 

In The Gospel of Thomas and Plato, Ivan Miroshnikov contributes to the study of the earliest Christian engagements with philosophy by offering the first systematic discussion of the impact of Platonism on the Gospel of Thomas, one of the most intriguing and cryptic works among the Nag Hammadi writings. Miroshnikov demonstrates that a Platonist lens is indispensable to the understanding of a number of the Thomasine sayings that have, for decades, remained elusive as exegetical cruces. The Gospel of Thomas is thus an important witness to the early stages of the process that eventually led to the Platonist formulation of certain Christian dogmata.

(Text by the author)

 

Contents:

Acknowledgements

A Note to the Reader

Setting the Scene

The Gospel of Thomas and the Platonists on the World

The Gospel of Thomas and the Platonists on the Body and the Soul

The Gospel of Thomas and the Platonists on Oneness

The Gospel of Thomas and the Platonists on Stability

The Gospel of Thomas and the Platonists on Immutability and Indivisibility

The Gospel of Thomas and the Platonists on Freedom from Anger

Thomasine Metaphysics of the Image and Its Platonist Background

Concluding Remarks

The Greek Vorlage of Gos. Thom. 12:2

The Secondary Nature of Gos. Thom. 5:3

A Note on Gos. Thom. 77:1

Bibliography

Index of Ancient and Medieval Sources

Du Nouveau Testament au manichéisme : essais en l’honneur d’Anne Pasquier

Paul-Hubert Poirier (dir.), 2018

 

Notre dernière publication présente un dossier qui rend hommage à Madame Anne Pasquier, professeure émérite à la Faculté de théologie et de sciences religieuses (de l’Université Laval, à Québec) : « Les contributions que rassemble ce dossier publié en son honneur relèvent de domaines dans lesquels Anne Pasquier s’est illustrée : la rhétorique biblique, Augustin, le gnosticisme et le manichéisme. Elles rendent compte également de la diversité et de la complémentarité des approches qu’elle a pratiquées »

(Texte par Paul-Hubert Poirier, « Liminaire », p. 168).

 

Sommaire :

 

Liminaire, Paul-Hubert Poirier

Ambivalence étymologique du mot religio chez Augustin : l’étymologie au service de la persuasion, Jeffery Aubin

La dialectique aedificatio-dedicatio dans l’oeuvre d’Augustin d’Hippone : À propos du sermon 163, Didier Méhu

Jean 1,51 et l’annonce de la glorification du Fils de l’homme, Michel Roberge

« La confirmation des réalités non manifestes » (NH III 74,17-19) : la structure argumentative d’Eugnoste (NH III 3 ; NH V 1), Louis Painchaud

Le rôle des cinq « demeures » (ou puissances intellectuelles) dans le récit de Mani, Wolf-Peter Funk

Articles spéciaux

L’Autre Autrement : hospitalité et contemplation, Elaine Champagne

La question de l’étranger et de l’hospitalité chez les prophètes, Elena Di Pede

Notes critiques

Une brève étude d’une biographie du Buddha, le Lalitavistara sūtra, André Couture

Chroniques

Littérature et histoire du christianisme ancien, Nicolas Asselin, Stéphanie Audet, Eric Crégheur, Julio Cesar Dias Chaves, Gavin McDowell, Charles-Frédéric Murray, Louis Painchaud, Paul-Hubert Poirier, Maryse Robert et Philippe Therrien

Recensions

Mathieu Bock-Côté, Le multiculturalisme comme religion politique. Paris, Les Éditions du Cerf, 2016, 367 p., Yves Laberge

Sophie Cloutier, Dominic Desroches, Blanca Navaro Pardiñas, Luc Vigneault, dir., Le temps de l’hospitalité. Réception de l’Éthique de l’hospitalité de Daniel Innerarity. Québec, Presses de l’Université Laval, 2015, vi-201 p., Gaston Mumbere

Anne-Lise Darras-Worms, Plotin, Traité 31 (V, 8) : Sur la beauté intelligible. Introduction, traduction, commentaire et notes. Paris, Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin (coll. « Bibliothèque des textes philosophiques – Les écrits de Plotin »), 2018, 303 p., Richard Dufour

Xavier Dijon, La religion et la raison. Normes démocratiques et traditions religieuses. Paris, Les Éditions du Cerf, 2016, 326 p., Nestor Turcotte

Markus Gabriel, Pourquoi le monde n’existe pas. Paris, Le Livre de poche (coll. « Biblio essais »), 2015, 287 p., Yves Laberge

Lloyd P. Gerson, ed., Plotinus. The Enneads. Translated by George Boys-Stones, John M. Dillon, R.A.H. King, Andrew Smith, James Wilberding and Lloyd P. Gerson, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2018, 938 p., Richard Dufour

Victor Hugo, Du péril de l’ignorance. Préface de Marie-Noël Rio. Paris, Les Éditions du Sonneur (coll. « La petite collection »), 2010, 40 p., Yves Laberge

Jacques Le Goff, Le retour en grâce du travail. Du déni à la redécouverte d’une valeur. Paris, Centre de recherche et d’action sociales (Ceras) ; Namur, Éditions Lessius, 2015, 127 p., Olivier Héma

Jacques Racine, Monde unique, projet commun. L’engagement social de l’Église. Montréal, Médiaspaul, 2016, 257 p., Joël Ganame

The Routledge Handbook of Early Christian Art 

The Routledge Handbook of Early Christian Art surveys a broad spectrum of Christian art produced from the late second to the sixth centuries. The first part of the book opens with a general survey of the subject and then presents fifteen essays that discuss specific media of visual art — catacomb paintings, sculpture, mosaics, gold glass, gems, reliquaries, ceramics, icons, ivories, textiles, silver, and illuminated manuscripts. Each is written by a noted expert in the field. The second part of the book takes up themes relevant to the study of early Christian art. These seven chapters consider the ritual practices in decorated spaces, the emergence of images of Christ’s Passion and miracles, the functions of Christian secular portraits, the exemplary mosaics of Ravenna, the early modern history of Christian art and archaeology studies, and further reflection on this field called “early Christian art.” Each of the volume’s chapters includes photographs of many of the objects discussed, plus bibliographic notes and recommendations for further reading.

The result is an invaluable introduction to and appraisal of the art that developed out of the spread of Christianity through the late antique world. Undergraduate and graduate students of late classical, early Christian, and Byzantine culture, religion, or art will find it an accessible and insightful orientation to the field. Additionally, professional academics, archivists, and curators working in these areas will also find it valuable as a resource for their own research, as well as a textbook or reference work for their students.

(Text by the editors)

 

Table of Contents

List of figures

List of contributors

Foreword

  1. Introduction: The Emergence and Character of Early Christian Art – Robin M. Jensen

Part I: Media

  1. Catacomb Painting and the Rise of Christian Iconography in Funerary Art – Norbert Zimmermann
  2. Christian Sarcophagi from Rome – Jutta Dresken-Weiland
  3. Early Christian Sarcophagi outside of Rome – Guntram Koch
  4. Freestanding Sculpture – Heidi J. Hornik
  5. Christian Wall Mosaics and the Creation of Sacred Space – Sean V. Leatherbury
  6. Christian Floor Mosaics: Modes of Study and Potential Meanings – Rina Talgam
  7. Gold Glass in Late Antiquity – Susan Walker
  8. Engraved Gems and Amulets – Jeffrey Spier
  9. Reliquaries and the Cult of Relics in Late Antiquity – Erik Thunø
  10. Ceramics in the Early Christian World – John J. Herrmann, Jr. and Annewies van den Hoek
  11. Panel Paintings and Early Christian Icons – Katherine Marsengill
  12. Christian Ivories: Containment, Manipulation, and the Creation of Meaning – Niamh Bhalla
  13. Textiles: The Emergence of a Christian Identity in Cloth – Jennifer L. Ball
  14. Early Christian Silver: Sacred and Domestic – Ruth Leader-Newby
  15. Early Christian Illuminated Manuscripts – Dorothy Verkerk

Part II: Themes

  1. Early Christian Art and Ritual – Michael Peppard
  2. Picturing the Passion – Felicity Harley-McGowan
  3. Miracles and Art – Lee M. Jefferson
  4. « Secular » Portraits, Identity, and the Christianization of the Roman Household – Mark D. Ellison
  5. The Mosaics of Ravenna – Deborah Mauskopf Deliyannis
  6. Early Christian Art and Archaeology in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century Rome – Janet Huskinson
  7. « Early » « Christian » « Art » – Robert Couzin

Index

Les identités en formation

Dan Jaffé, 2018

 

Que dit le Talmud sur Jésus et son « mouvement » ? Le texte rabbinique fait-il mention des évangiles ? Qui étaient les judéo-chrétiens ? Quelle était leur foi ? Quels étaient leurs rapports avec le judaïsme ? Dans cette étude magistrale, Dan Jaffé traite de la martyrologie juive et montre l’évolution des conceptions messianiques dans les sources talmudiques. Il étudie aussi le regard du monde juif sur Jésus et le christianisme, et fait le point sur la question fort débattue de la séparation entre juifs et chrétiens aux premiers siècles de notre ère. Enfin, il ouvre de nouvelles perspectives sur un tout autre dossier : judaïsme et islam. Il y est question du regard de Maïmonide sur le prophète de l’islam et de l’influence exercée par les écoles soufies sur certains rabbins médiévaux.
Un ouvrage de référence pour comprendre le passé et apporter de nouveaux éclairages sur des questions contemporaines.

(Text by the author)

 

CONTENTS

 

Le judéo-christianisme dans la littérature talmudique

Présence judéo-chrétienne dans le corpus talmudique

La question de la séparation entre juifs et chrétiens du point de vue rabbinique

 

Corpus judéo-chrétiens et littérature talmudique

L’exemple de l’évangile selon Matthieu : retour sur une controverse cryptée I

Corpus judéo-chrétiens et littérature talmudique ? Retour sur une controverse cryptée II

 

Évangiles, thérapie et littérature judéo-chrétiennes dans le Talmud

Histoire d’une polémique

Talmud, christianisme et judéo-christianisme. Histoire d’une polémique

 

Polémiques entre juifs et chrétiens autour des observances du judaïsme

L’exemple du Dialogue de Justin de Néapolis

 

Circoncision, mort et conversion dans les traditions juives et chrétiennes du IIe siècle

Analogies littéraires et motifs communs

 

L’exclusion des judéo-chrétiens de la Synagogue

Nouvelles perspectives sur la Birkat ha-minim

 

Incantations, magie et polémique dans le monde juif des premiers- siècles

 

Judaïsme rabbinique et judéo-christianisme

Judaïsme ancien

Texte et contexte

 

Le Talmud préconise-t-il la mort en martyr ?

Canonisation, martyrologie et processus de rabbinisation

 

Messianisme et rédemption dans le judaïsme ancien

Rationalisme, apocalyptique et utopie

 

Études historiographiques

 

Jésus peut-il être reconnu dans un des mouvements juifs de l’Antiquité ?

Contribution à l’étude du « Jésus historique »

 

Historiographie juive et science des religions

Israël Lévi et l’étude des relations entre judaïsme rabbinique et christianisme primitif

 

Quand les juifs se racontent Jésus

Joseph Klausner ou le premier ouvrage en langue hébraïque sur Jésus de Nazareth

 

Quand la science des religions oeuvre au discours idéologique

L’histoire au service de la polémique

 

La séparation entre juifs et chrétiens (The Parting of the Ways)

Réflexions historiques et historiographiques

 

Judaïsme médiéval et islam

 

Selon quelles modalités la pensée juive considère-t-elle Mahomet prophète de l’Islam ?

Étude, sur les textes maïmonidiens

 

Monde soufi et monde rabbinique

Motifs communs et traditions empruntées

Annaeus Cornutus: Greek Theology, Fragments, and Testimonia

de George Boys-stones (Auteur), 2018

Publication planned for: June 2018

Contents

Abbreviations

Acknowledgements

Introduction: Cornutus the Philosopher

  1. Preface
  2. The life of Cornutus
  3. Stoicism in the first century AD

3.1. Stoicism as an international movement

3.2. Stoicism as a ‘textual community’

3.3. Stoicism: the intellectual programme

  1. Cornutus’ Philosophical Views

4.1. ‘Dialectic’4.1.1. Logic: Cornutus on Aristotle’s Categories

4.1.2. Rhetoric: the social context for wisdom traditions

4.2 Physics

4.3 Ethics

  1. Conclusion

Titles of works by Cornutus

Notes on Texts and Referencing

The Greek Theology [Survey of the Greek Theological Tradition]

Preface

  1. Structure

1.1. Introduction

1.2. Structural markers in the Greek Theology

1.3. The Greek Theology  and Plato’s Timaeus

  1. Cornutus and the tradition of allegorical reading

Text and translation

On Pronunciation or Orthography (surviving extracts)

Preface

Text and translation

Fragments and Testimonia

Life

Greek theology

Aristotle’s Categories

Physics and metaphysics

Rhetoric

Fame as a critic

Virgil

Lucan

Miscellaneous

Cornutus and Persius

The ancient Life of Persius

Persius, Satire 5

 

Index of Sources

Concordance

References

Early Christian Determinism: A Study of The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate

Paul Linjamaa, 2018

 

The aim of this study is to explore the ethics of the Nag Hammadi text, The Tripartite Tractate. This text, the fifth tractate in Nag Hammadi Codex I, has received comparatively little attention, although it is the most detailed Valentinian treaty still extant. By investigating the ethics of The Tripartite Tractate, this study not only illuminates a previously unstudied aspect of this very interesting early Christian text, but also seeks to explore the workings of early Christian determinism. This has previously been presented as “Gnostic”, and then not taken seriously, or been disregarded as an invention of intra-Christian polemics. The present study challenges this conception and presents insights into how early Christian determinism worked, sustaining viable and functioning ethical systems. The ethics of The Tripartite Tractate are approached by connecting practical, lived ethics and the theoretical foundations for ancient ethical discussion. This entails examining the text’s ontology and epistemology, as well as ancient cognitive and behavioral theory. In short, this study aims to answer the question, “how should people behave?”, by first exploring questions regarding how human behavior and actions were thought to have worked in the first place.

Part I of the study investigates The Tripartite Tractate’s views on epistemology, ontology and theory of passions, as well as the nature of the human will and cognitive apparatus. It is noted that The Tripartite Tractate outlines a Christian deterministic system that denies free will in humans. The Tripartite Tractate presents an anthropology with three different classes of humans, each person being defined by the composition of their physical and mental make up, a mixture of the three basic substance viable in the cosmic system: matter, psychê and pneuma. This part of the study explores the The Tripartite Tractate’s dependence on, and relation to, Greco-Roman physics and theories of passions and cognition, and how they relate to and legitimize social structures. As a conclusion to Part I, the context of the text’s determinism is discussed and it is suggested that the views that Origen of Alexandria took action against in his work Peri Archon are reflected in The Tripartite Tractate.

Part II of the study is devoted to the practical and social implications of the text’s determinism and explores how it would have worked to create and sustain group identity. It is argued that the tripartite anthropology promotes a pedagogical schema that points out different roles and responsibilities humans have in relation to each other. The people termed “pneumatics” are described as ethical experts and are called upon to play the role of teachers in the ideal community, while the people termed “psychics” are described as the helpers and students of the “pneumatics”. The “material” people are outsiders destined to be lost. It is argued that the text utilizes ancient pedagogic language in order to construct the ideal social structure, and the usage of the terms “church” and “school” in the text is analyzed. It is suggested that the most likely social structure referenced by TriTrac would have comprised a group consisting of two parts: intellectually advanced pneumatics in an inner study circle within a second, larger part consisting of psychic everyday Christians, two groups that at times came together to study and celebrate communion and baptism. The everyday Christians are described as driven by honor, and encouraged to prosper in the world for the benefit of the larger community. This is discussed in light of the concept of “honor” and its importance in Roman society. Part II of the study demonstrates the effectiveness of a deterministic anthropology for creating and sustaining a group structure where a viable ethical system was implemented.

Part III of the study recapitulates the main arguments, and also explores the context of the text in light of the findings. It is argued that early third-century Alexandria is the most likely original context of the text. The implications of the study are discussed in light of the broader topic of early Christianity. Among other things, it is suggested that the doctrine of free will, which became a cornerstone in later Christianity, developed in the wake of debates with Christians we find represented in The Tripartite Tractate, whose approaches represent a serious alternative to the doctrine of free will.

(Text by the author)

Processo a Socrate

Mauro Bonazzi, 2018

399 a.C.: la città di Atene condanna a morte uno dei suoi figli più autorevoli, Socrate. Cosa è successo davvero nei mesi in cui si è svolta la vicenda giudiziaria? Si ripete spesso che si trattò di un processo politico mascherato, per colpire le simpatie oligarchiche dell’anziano filosofo. Ma forse il vero oggetto del contendere in questa vicenda fu proprio il pensiero di Socrate. Fino a che punto una comunità – ieri come oggi – può tollerare che i principi e i valori su cui si fonda siano messi radicalmente in discussione? E davvero le ragioni della filosofia e quelle della città non sono compatibili? Una lettura originale di uno dei più celebri processi della storia.

(Text by the author)

Indice

  1. In tribunale

Un processo celebre, e un altro processo celebre – La «questione socratica» – Il sistema dei tribunali

Intermezzo 1: Atene, una democrazia turbolenta

  1. L’oligarca

L’elefante – Anni difficili – Gli oligarchi intelligenti – Altri processi – Tutti pazzi per Sparta – Un processo senza (troppa) politica?

Intermezzo 2: Che cosa ha detto veramente Socrate: Platone e Senofonte a confronto

  1. L’empio

Introduzione – L’accusa di empietà – Filosofi e teologi – Il teologo empio

  1. Il cattivo maestro

Introduzione – Il discorso sul metodo – Cani, lupi, torpedini: un bestiario filosofico – Socrate e Alcibiade – Il maestro ignorante

Intermezzo 3: Topografia socratica

  1. La difesa e la morte di un uomo giusto

Voleva morire: su quello che Socrate avrebbe detto al processo – Il carcere – La cicuta – Il gallo

Ringraziamenti

Bibliografia

LE PRINCIPE DU BIEN. PLATON, ARISTOTE ET LEUR POSTERITE
Numéro double coordonné par Anca Vasiliu

 

Le numéro double de la revue Chôra (15-16 / 2017-2018), vient de paraître. Il contient un dossier de 30 contributions consacrées au Principe du Bien chez Platon, Aristote et leur postérité, de Philon d’Alexandrie et Numénius à Gadamer et Simone Weil. Le sommaire est présenté infra.

(Text by the organizers)

 

Sommaire:

 

Qu’est-ce que le Bien selon Platon? Enjeux et premier héritage du principe platonicien du Bien

Mario VegettiTo siôpoumenon agathon.

Rafael Ferber: Le Bien de Platon et le problème de la transcendance du Principe. Encore une fois l’epekeina tês ousias de Platon.

Suzanne Husson: Autarcie du Bien et dépendance de l’être? De la République au Sophiste.

Franco Ferrari: Platone ha effettivamente identificato il demiurgo del Timeo e l’idea del bene della Repubblica? Riflessioni intorno a un’antica querelle filosofica.

Ricardo Salles: Bonté, rationalité et impuissance chez le démiurge stoïcien.

Francesca Calabi: Il bene migliore del bene in Filone di Alessandria.

Mauro Bonazzi: Le Bien selon Numénius et la République de Platon.

Fabienne JourdanSur le Bien de Numénius, Sur le Bien de Platon. L’enseignement oral de Platon comme occasion de rechercher son pythagorisme dans ses écrits.

Luc BrissonSur le Bien de Platon. Métamorphoses d’une anecdote.

 

Le beau et la pratique du bien

Pierre Destrée: La contemplation du Beau et la pratique du bien. Pour une lecture éthique du discours de Diotime dans le Banquet de Platon.

Giulia Sissa: Le Peuple philosophe. Le souci du bien dans la Républiquede Platon et chez les Athéniens.

Valérie Cordonier: Traduction, translittération, réinterprétation: la kalokagathia chez Albert le Grand.

 

Aristote: reprises et contestations du Bien platonicien


Enrico Berti
: Bien en soi ou bien humain? Aristote et Platon.

Sylvain Delcomminette: Platon et Aristote sur le bien en soi.

Charlotte Murgier: Aristote critique de Platon sur le bien pratique.

Francesca Alesse: La notion du bien chez Aristote, Métaphysique VII, 6. Quelques remarques.

Fabienne Baghdassarian: Principe du bien et principe du mal chez Aristote.

Silvia Fazzo: L’epilogo del libro Lambda della Metafisica di Aristotele: il Bene come principio.

 

Le soleil, image du Bien

Jean-Claude Picot: Penser le Bien et le Mal avec Empédocle.

Rossella Saetta Cottone: Le soleil comme reflet et la question de la connaissance dans la pensée d’Empédocle: aux origines d’une image.

Salvatore Lavecchia: La luce del Bene: l’essere e la coscienza, la materia e lo spirito. Su cio che Platone traslacia nell’analogia fra il Bene e il Sole.

Maria Carmen De Vita: « Figlio del Bene » e il Re dell’universo: il dio Helios di Giuliano Imperatore.

 

Gnostiques et néoplatoniciens sur le principe du Bien

Izabela Jurasz: Ce que les Gnostiques ont fait du Principe du Bien. Le cas de Basilide.

Laurent Lavaud: Y a-t-il, selon Plotin, une energeia du Bien?

Sylvain Roux: Quel nom pour le principe? Un problème chez Plotin et Proclus.

Marilena Vlad: Denys l’Aréopagite et le principe donateur de bien.

 

Heidegger, Gadamer, Simone Weil sur l’idée platonicienne du Bien

Franco Trabattoni: Heidegger e l’idea platonica del bene: storia di una amicizia fallita.

Francisco Gonzalez: The Aristotelian Reception of the Idea of the Good According to Heidegger et Gadamer.

FernandoRey Puente: Simone Weil, Platon et le Bien.

Michel Narcy: L’idée du bien chez trois platoniciens modernes: Alain, Pètrement, Weil.

 

CODICOLOGICA

Silvia Fazzo: Le manuscrit Laurentianus 87.12 comme le témoin le plus ancien du Commentaire d’Alexandre d’Aphrodise à la Métaphysique d’Aristote

 

COMPTES RENDUS

B. T. Schur, « Von hier nach dort ». Der Philosophie begriff bei Plato, Göttiingen 2013 (F. Ferrari). K. Mitalaité, A. Vasiliu (éds.), L’icône dans la pensée et dans l’art. Constitutions, contestations, réinventions de la notion d’image divine en contexte chrétien, Brepols, 2017 (G. Lingua). J. T. Slotemaker, Robert Holcot, Oxford UP, 2016 (D. Coman). A. Cizek, M. Cioba, D. T. Ionescu, Alexandre le Grand: histoire, image, interprétations, Univ. de Bucarest, 2016 (A. Crivat).

Plotinus on Consciousness

 

By D.M. Hutchinson

Publication planned for: June 2018

 

Plotinus is the first Greek philosopher to hold a systematic theory of consciousness. The key feature of his theory is that it involves multiple layers of experience: different layers of consciousness occur in different levels of self. This layering of higher modes of consciousness on lower ones provides human beings with a rich experiential world, and enables human beings to draw on their own experience to investigate their true self and the nature of reality. This involves a robust notion of subjectivity. However, it is a notion of subjectivity that is unique to Plotinus, and remarkably different from the Post-Cartesian tradition. Behind the plurality of terms Plotinus uses to express consciousness, and behind the plurality of entities to which Plotinus attributes consciousness (such as the divine souls and the hypostases), lies a theory of human consciousness. It is a Platonist theory shaped by engagement with rival schools of ancient thought.

    • Argues that the concept of consciousness existed in the ancient world and can be disentangled from Descartes and the Post-Cartesian tradition
    • Proposes a new interpretation of Plotinus’ philosophy of mind
  • Examines Plotinus’ theory of consciousness in dialogue with Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics

(Text by the author)

Contents

Acknowledgments

Notes on the Text

Introduction

Chapter 1 – Self

Chapter 2 – Conciousness Terms

Chapter 3 – First Layer :  the soul-trace

Chapter 4 – Second Layer :  the lower soul

Chapter 5 – Third Layer : the higher soul

Chapter 6 – Self-Determination

Chapter 7 – Conclusion

Appendix

Bibliography

General Index

Index Locorum

For further information, go to the Cambridge University Press website:
http://www.cambridge.org/us/academic/subjects/classical-studies/ancient-philosophy/plotinus-consciousness?format=HB&isbn=9781108424769#hwQ3e40BZqIeQOXw.97