By : Brent Nongbri, 2018


A provocative book from a highly original scholar, challenging much of what we know about early Christian manuscripts.

In this bold and groundbreaking book, Brent Nongbri provides an up-to-date introduction to the major collections of early Christian manuscripts and demonstrates that much of what we thought we knew about these books and fragments is mistaken. While biblical scholars have expended much effort in their study of the texts contained within our earliest Christian manuscripts, there has been a surprising lack of interest in thinking about these books as material objects with individual, unique histories. We have too often ignored the ways that the antiquities market obscures our knowledge of the origins of these manuscripts.

Through painstaking archival research and detailed studies of our most important collections of early Christian manuscripts, Nongbri vividly shows how the earliest Christian books are more than just carriers of texts or samples of handwriting. They are three-dimensional archaeological artifacts with fascinating stories to tell, if we’re willing to listen. 
(Text by the author)




Map Showing locations in Egypt

Prologue – Reintroducing the earliest christian manuscripts

1 – The early christian book

2 – The dating game

3 – Finding early christian books in Egypt

4 – A discovery “which threw all other in the shade” : The beatty biblical papyri

5 – An elusive collection : The bodmer papyri

6 – Excavating christian litter an Literature at Oxyrhynchus

7 – Fabricating a second-century codex of the four gospels

Epilogue – The future of ancient christian books

Appendix : Christian books from Oxyrhynchus

Notes Bibliography

Edited by : Stanley E. Porter and Andrew W. Pitts, 2018


Series: Texts and Editions for New Testament Study, Volume: 12

Christian Origins and the Establishment of the Early Jesus Movement explores the events, people, and writings surrounding the founding of the early Jesus movement in the mid to late first century. The essays are divided into four parts, focused upon the movement’s formation, the production of its early Gospels, description of the Jesus movement itself, and the Jewish mission and its literature. This collection of essays includes chapters by a global cast of scholars from a variety of methodological and critical viewpoints, and continues the important Early Christianity in its Hellenistic Context series. (Text by the editors)


Contents :



List of Contributors


Christian Origins and the Establishment of the Early Jesus Movement: An Introduction – By: Stanley E. Porter and Andrew W. Pitts


The Formation of the Jesus Movement and Its Precursors

John the Baptist in the Fourth Gospel – By: Clare K. Rothschild

John’s Baptist in Luke’s Gospel – By: John DelHousaye

From John to Apollos to Paul: How the Baptism of John Entered the Jesus Movement – By: Stephen J. Patterson

Followers, Servants, and Traitors: The Representation of Disciples in the Synoptic Gospels and in Ancient Judaism – By: Catherine Hezser


Production of Early Christian Gospels

The Pre-citation Fallacy in New Testament Scholarship and Sanders’s Tendencies of the Synoptic Tradition – By: Stanley E. Porter and Andrew W. Pitts

Was Matthew a Plagiarist? Plagiarism in Greco-Roman Antiquity – By: E. Randolph Richards

Compositional Techniques within Plutarch and the Gospel Tradition – By: Michael R. Licona

The Narrative Perspective of the Fourth Gospel – By: Hans Förster

Assessing the Criteria for Differentiating the Cross Gospel – By: Stanley E. Porter and Andrew W. Pitts


Early Christian Descriptions of the Jesus Movement

From Jesus to Lord and Other Contributions of the Early Aramaic-Speaking Congregation in Jerusalem – By: F. Stanley Jones

Did Jesus, in the Memory of His Earliest Followers, Ever Nurse the Sick? – By: Steven Thompson

The Kingdom of God is among You: Prospects for a Q Community – By: Sarah E. Rollens

An Imminent Parousia and Christian Mission: Did the New Testament Writers Really Expect Jesus’s Imminent Return? – By: Mark Keown

Christian Origins and Imperial-Critical Studies of the New Testament Gospels – By: Warren Carter

“No Stone Left upon Another”: Considering Mark’s Temple Motif in Narrative and History – By: Adam Winn

The Holy Spirit as Witness of Jesus in the Canonical Gospels – By: Judith Stack

New Exodus Traditions in Earliest Christianity – By: Nicholas Perrin

Sea Storms, Divine Rescues, and the Tribulation: The Jonah Motif in the Book of Matthew – By: Susan M. Rieske

The Parables of Jesus and Socrates – By: Adam Z. Wright


The Jewish Mission and Its Literature

Why Have We Stopped Reading the Catholic Epistles Together? Tracing the Early Reception of a Collection – By: Darian Lockett

A Jewish Denial: 1 John and the Johannine Mission – By: Matthew Jensen

Love One Another and Love the World: The Love Command and Jewish Ethics in the Johannine Community – By: Beth M. Stovell

The New Perspective (on Paul) on Peter: Cornelius’s Conversion, the Antioch Incident, and Peter’s Stance towards Gentiles in the Light of the Philosophy of Historiography – By: Christoph Heilig

Tradition as Interpretation: Linguistic Structure and the Citation of Scripture in 1 Peter 2:1–10 – By: Andrew W. Pitts

1 Peter and the Theological Logic of Christian Familial Imagery – By: Matthew R. Malcolm

Round Trip to Hades in the Eastern Mediterranean Tradition. Visits to the Underworld from Antiquity to Byzantium


Editors: Gunnel Ekroth and Ingela Nilsson, 2018


Round Trip to Hades in the Eastern Mediterranean Tradition explores how the theme of visiting the Underworld and returning alive has been treated, transmitted and transformed in the ancient Greek and Byzantine traditions. The journey was usually a descent (katabasis) into a dark and dull place, where forgetfulness and punishment reigned, but since ‘everyone’ was there, it was also a place that offered opportunities to meet people and socialize. Famous Classical round trips to Hades include those undertaken by Odysseus and Aeneas, but this pagan topic also caught the interest of Christian writers. The contributions of the present volume allow the reader to follow the passage from pagan to Christian representations of Hades – a passage that may seem surprisingly effortless.

(Text by the editors)




Round Trip to Hades

An Introductory Tour – By: Gunnel Ekroth and Ingela Nilsson


Travels to the Beyond

A Guide – By: Fritz Graf


Hades, Homer and the Hittites

The Cultic-Cultural Context of Odysseus’ ‘Round Trip’ to the Underworld – By: Gunnel Ekroth


Divine Bondage and Katabaseis in Hesiod’s Theogony

By: Ivana Petrovic and Andrej Petrovic


Introducing Oneself in Hades

Two ‘Orphic’ Formulas Reconsidered – By: Scott Scullion


Pathein and Mathein in the Descents to Hades

By: Miguel Herrero de Jáuregui


From Alkestis to Archidike

Thessalian Attitudes to Death and the Afterlife – By: Sofia Kravaritou and Maria Stamatopoulou


Round Trip to Hades

Herakles’ Advice and Directions – By: Annie Verbanck-Piérard


Hades in Hellenistic Philosophy (The Early Academy and Stoicism)

By: Adrian Mihai


Following the Dead to the Underworld

An Archaeological Approach to Graeco-Roman Death Oracles – By: Wiebke Friese


The Sounds of Katabasis

Bellowing, Roaring, and Hissing at the Crossing of Impervious Boundaries – By: Pierre Bonnechere


Down There and Back Again

Variations on the Katabasis Theme in Lucian – By: Heinz-Günther Nesselrath


From Hades to Hell

Christian Visions of the Underworld (2nd–5th centuries ce) – By: Zissis D. Ainalis


The Virgin in Hades

By: Thomas Arentzen


Why did Hades Become Beautiful in Byzantine Art?

By: Henry Maguire


Hades Meets Lazarus

The Literary Katabasis in Twelfth-Century Byzantium – By: Ingela Nilsson


“Heaven for Climate, Hell for Company”

Byzantine Satirical Katabaseis – By: Przemysław Marciniak


Many (Un)Happy Returns

Ancient Greek Concepts of a Return from Death and Their Later Counterparts – By: Sarah Iles Johnston



Below the Tree of Life – By: Eric Cullhed and Sigrid Schottenius Cullhed

A History of Mind and Body in Late Antiquity


Edited by Anna Marmodoro and Sophie Cartwright, 2018

The mind-body relation was at the forefront of philosophy and theology in late antiquity, a time of great intellectual innovation. This volume, the first integrated history of this important topic, explores ideas about mind and body during this period, considering both pagan and Christian thought about issues such as resurrection, incarnation and asceticism. A series of chapters presents cutting-edge research from multiple perspectives, including history, philosophy, classics and theology. Several chapters survey wider themes which provide context for detailed studies of the work of individual philosophers including Numenius, Pseudo-Dionysius, Damascius and Augustine. Wide-ranging and accessible, with translations given for all texts in the original language, this book will be essential for students and scholars of late antique thought, the history of religion and theology, and the philosophy of mind. (Text by the editors)


Contents :





Introduction – By Anna Marmodoro, Sophie Cartwright

Chapter 1 – The Late Ancient Philosophical Scene – By Edward Watts


Part I – Mind and Body in Late Antique Pagan Philosophy


Chapter 2 – Theories of Mind in the Hellenistic Period – By Christopher Shields

Chapter 3 – Numenius – By Mark Edwards

Chapter 4 – Plotinus – By Lloyd P. Gerson

Chapter 5 – Porphyry – By Andrew Smith

Chapter 6 – Iamblichus – By John F. Finamore

Chapter 7 – Themistius – By Frans A. J. de Haas

Chapter 8 – Proclus – By Jan Opsomer

Chapter 9 – Damascius – By Sara Ahbel-Rappe


Part II – Mind and Body in Early Christian Thought


Chapter 10 – Soul and Body in Early Christianity – By Sophie Cartwright

Chapter 11 – The Christian Conception of the Body and Paul’s Use of the Term Sōma in 1 Corinthians – By Vito Limone

Chapter 12 – The Ensoulment of the Body in Early Christian Thought – By Benjamin P. Blosser

Chapter 13 – Christian Asceticism – By Kevin Corrigan

Chapter 14 – Origen – By Ilaria Ramelli

Chapter 15 – Basil of Caesarea – By Claudio Moreschini

Chapter 16 – Gregory of Nyssa – By Ilaria Ramelli

Chapter 17 – Gregory of Nazianzus – By Brian Matz

Chapter 18 – Synesius of Cyrene – By Jay Bregman

Chapter 19 – Augustine – By Giovanni Catapano

Chapter 20 – Dionysius the Areopagite – By Wiebke-Marie Stock



General Index

Index of Ancient and Medieval Thinkers

Index of Greek, Hebrew and Latin Terms

Index of Modern Authors

Neoplatonic Demons and Angels


Editors: Luc Brisson, Seamus O’Neill and Andrei Timotin, 2018


Neoplatonic Demons and Angels is a collection of eleven studies which examine, in chronological order, the place reserved for angels and demons not only by the main Neoplatonic philosophers (Plotinus, Porphyry, Iamblichus, and Proclus), but also in Gnosticism, the Chaldaean Oracles, Christian Neoplatonism, especially by Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite. This volume originates from a panel held at the 2014 ISNS meeting in Lisbon, but is supplemented by a number of invited papers.

(Text by the editors)




The Daimon and the Choice of Life in Plotinus’ Thought By: Thomas Vidart

The Angels in Ancient Gnosis: Some Cases By: Madeleine Scopello

Demons and Angels in the Chaldaean Oracles By: Helmut Seng

What is a Daimon for Porphyry? By: Luc Brisson

Porphyry of Tyre on the Daimon, Birth and the Stars By: Dorian Gieseler Greenbaum

Daimones in Porphyry’s On the Cave of the Nymphs By: Nilufer Akcay

Evil Demons in the De Mysteriis Assessing the Iamblichean Critique of Porphyry’s Demonology By: Seamus O’Neill

Proclus’ Critique of Plotinus’ Demonology By: Andrei Timotin

The Angels in Proclus: Messengers of the Gods By: Luc Brisson

Ontology, Henadology, Angelology. The Neoplatonic Roots of Angelic Hierarchy By: Ghislain Casas

Dionysius the Areopagite on Angels. Self-Constitution versus Constituting Gifts By: Marilena Vlad


Platonic Pathways

Selected Papers from the Fourteenth Annual Conference of the International Society for Neoplatonic Studies


Edited by John F Finamore and Danielle A. Layne, 2018


This anthology of 16 essays by scholars from around the world is published in association with the International Society for Neoplatonic Studes: it contains many of the papers presented in their 2016 annual conference.

(Text by the editors)




The Significance of Initiation Rituals in Plato’s Meno – Michael Romero

Plato’s Timaean Psychology – John Finamore

The Creative Thinker: A New Reading of Numenius fr. 16.10-12 – Joshua Langseth

First Philosophy, Abstract Objects, and Divine Aseity: Aristotle and Plotinus – Robert M. Berchman

Plotinus on philia and its Empedoclean origin – Giannis Stamatellos

In What Sense Does the One Exist? Existence and Hypostasis in Plotinus – Michael Wiitala and Paul DiRado

A Double-Edged Sword: Porphyry on the Perils and Profits of Demonological Inquiry – Seamus O’Neill

Alienation and Divinization: Iamblichus’ Theurgic Vision – Gregory Shaw

Iamblichus’ method for creating Theurgic Sacrifice – Sam Webster

The Understanding of Time and Eternity in the polemic between Eunomius, Basil the Great and Gregory of Nyssa – Tomasz Stępień

Tension in the soul: A Stoic/Platonic concept in Plutarch, Proclus, and Simplicius – Marilynn Lawrence

Peritrope in Damascius as the Apparatus of Speculative Ontology – Tyler Tritten

Mysticism, Apocalypticism, and Platonism – Ilaria Ramelli

Philosophy and Commentary: Evaluating Simplicius on the Presocratics – Bethany Parsons

From Embryo to Saint: a Thomist Account of Being Human – Melissa Rovig Vanden Bout

From the Neoplatonizing Christian Gnosticism of Philip K. Dick to the Neoplatonizing Hermetic Gnosticism of Ralph Waldo Emerson – Jay Bregman

The Gospel of Thomas and Plato

A Study of the Impact of Platonism on the “Fifth Gospel”

Ivan Miroshnikov, 2018


In The Gospel of Thomas and Plato, Ivan Miroshnikov contributes to the study of the earliest Christian engagements with philosophy by offering the first systematic discussion of the impact of Platonism on the Gospel of Thomas, one of the most intriguing and cryptic works among the Nag Hammadi writings. Miroshnikov demonstrates that a Platonist lens is indispensable to the understanding of a number of the Thomasine sayings that have, for decades, remained elusive as exegetical cruces. The Gospel of Thomas is thus an important witness to the early stages of the process that eventually led to the Platonist formulation of certain Christian dogmata.

(Text by the author)




A Note to the Reader

Setting the Scene

The Gospel of Thomas and the Platonists on the World

The Gospel of Thomas and the Platonists on the Body and the Soul

The Gospel of Thomas and the Platonists on Oneness

The Gospel of Thomas and the Platonists on Stability

The Gospel of Thomas and the Platonists on Immutability and Indivisibility

The Gospel of Thomas and the Platonists on Freedom from Anger

Thomasine Metaphysics of the Image and Its Platonist Background

Concluding Remarks

The Greek Vorlage of Gos. Thom. 12:2

The Secondary Nature of Gos. Thom. 5:3

A Note on Gos. Thom. 77:1


Index of Ancient and Medieval Sources

The Routledge Handbook of Early Christian Art 

The Routledge Handbook of Early Christian Art surveys a broad spectrum of Christian art produced from the late second to the sixth centuries. The first part of the book opens with a general survey of the subject and then presents fifteen essays that discuss specific media of visual art — catacomb paintings, sculpture, mosaics, gold glass, gems, reliquaries, ceramics, icons, ivories, textiles, silver, and illuminated manuscripts. Each is written by a noted expert in the field. The second part of the book takes up themes relevant to the study of early Christian art. These seven chapters consider the ritual practices in decorated spaces, the emergence of images of Christ’s Passion and miracles, the functions of Christian secular portraits, the exemplary mosaics of Ravenna, the early modern history of Christian art and archaeology studies, and further reflection on this field called “early Christian art.” Each of the volume’s chapters includes photographs of many of the objects discussed, plus bibliographic notes and recommendations for further reading.

The result is an invaluable introduction to and appraisal of the art that developed out of the spread of Christianity through the late antique world. Undergraduate and graduate students of late classical, early Christian, and Byzantine culture, religion, or art will find it an accessible and insightful orientation to the field. Additionally, professional academics, archivists, and curators working in these areas will also find it valuable as a resource for their own research, as well as a textbook or reference work for their students.

(Text by the editors)


Table of Contents

List of figures

List of contributors


  1. Introduction: The Emergence and Character of Early Christian Art – Robin M. Jensen

Part I: Media

  1. Catacomb Painting and the Rise of Christian Iconography in Funerary Art – Norbert Zimmermann
  2. Christian Sarcophagi from Rome – Jutta Dresken-Weiland
  3. Early Christian Sarcophagi outside of Rome – Guntram Koch
  4. Freestanding Sculpture – Heidi J. Hornik
  5. Christian Wall Mosaics and the Creation of Sacred Space – Sean V. Leatherbury
  6. Christian Floor Mosaics: Modes of Study and Potential Meanings – Rina Talgam
  7. Gold Glass in Late Antiquity – Susan Walker
  8. Engraved Gems and Amulets – Jeffrey Spier
  9. Reliquaries and the Cult of Relics in Late Antiquity – Erik Thunø
  10. Ceramics in the Early Christian World – John J. Herrmann, Jr. and Annewies van den Hoek
  11. Panel Paintings and Early Christian Icons – Katherine Marsengill
  12. Christian Ivories: Containment, Manipulation, and the Creation of Meaning – Niamh Bhalla
  13. Textiles: The Emergence of a Christian Identity in Cloth – Jennifer L. Ball
  14. Early Christian Silver: Sacred and Domestic – Ruth Leader-Newby
  15. Early Christian Illuminated Manuscripts – Dorothy Verkerk

Part II: Themes

  1. Early Christian Art and Ritual – Michael Peppard
  2. Picturing the Passion – Felicity Harley-McGowan
  3. Miracles and Art – Lee M. Jefferson
  4. « Secular » Portraits, Identity, and the Christianization of the Roman Household – Mark D. Ellison
  5. The Mosaics of Ravenna – Deborah Mauskopf Deliyannis
  6. Early Christian Art and Archaeology in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century Rome – Janet Huskinson
  7. « Early » « Christian » « Art » – Robert Couzin


Les identités en formation

Dan Jaffé, 2018


Que dit le Talmud sur Jésus et son « mouvement » ? Le texte rabbinique fait-il mention des évangiles ? Qui étaient les judéo-chrétiens ? Quelle était leur foi ? Quels étaient leurs rapports avec le judaïsme ? Dans cette étude magistrale, Dan Jaffé traite de la martyrologie juive et montre l’évolution des conceptions messianiques dans les sources talmudiques. Il étudie aussi le regard du monde juif sur Jésus et le christianisme, et fait le point sur la question fort débattue de la séparation entre juifs et chrétiens aux premiers siècles de notre ère. Enfin, il ouvre de nouvelles perspectives sur un tout autre dossier : judaïsme et islam. Il y est question du regard de Maïmonide sur le prophète de l’islam et de l’influence exercée par les écoles soufies sur certains rabbins médiévaux.
Un ouvrage de référence pour comprendre le passé et apporter de nouveaux éclairages sur des questions contemporaines.

(Text by the author)




Le judéo-christianisme dans la littérature talmudique

Présence judéo-chrétienne dans le corpus talmudique

La question de la séparation entre juifs et chrétiens du point de vue rabbinique


Corpus judéo-chrétiens et littérature talmudique

L’exemple de l’évangile selon Matthieu : retour sur une controverse cryptée I

Corpus judéo-chrétiens et littérature talmudique ? Retour sur une controverse cryptée II


Évangiles, thérapie et littérature judéo-chrétiennes dans le Talmud

Histoire d’une polémique

Talmud, christianisme et judéo-christianisme. Histoire d’une polémique


Polémiques entre juifs et chrétiens autour des observances du judaïsme

L’exemple du Dialogue de Justin de Néapolis


Circoncision, mort et conversion dans les traditions juives et chrétiennes du IIe siècle

Analogies littéraires et motifs communs


L’exclusion des judéo-chrétiens de la Synagogue

Nouvelles perspectives sur la Birkat ha-minim


Incantations, magie et polémique dans le monde juif des premiers- siècles


Judaïsme rabbinique et judéo-christianisme

Judaïsme ancien

Texte et contexte


Le Talmud préconise-t-il la mort en martyr ?

Canonisation, martyrologie et processus de rabbinisation


Messianisme et rédemption dans le judaïsme ancien

Rationalisme, apocalyptique et utopie


Études historiographiques


Jésus peut-il être reconnu dans un des mouvements juifs de l’Antiquité ?

Contribution à l’étude du « Jésus historique »


Historiographie juive et science des religions

Israël Lévi et l’étude des relations entre judaïsme rabbinique et christianisme primitif


Quand les juifs se racontent Jésus

Joseph Klausner ou le premier ouvrage en langue hébraïque sur Jésus de Nazareth


Quand la science des religions oeuvre au discours idéologique

L’histoire au service de la polémique


La séparation entre juifs et chrétiens (The Parting of the Ways)

Réflexions historiques et historiographiques


Judaïsme médiéval et islam


Selon quelles modalités la pensée juive considère-t-elle Mahomet prophète de l’Islam ?

Étude, sur les textes maïmonidiens


Monde soufi et monde rabbinique

Motifs communs et traditions empruntées

Annaeus Cornutus: Greek Theology, Fragments, and Testimonia

de George Boys-stones (Auteur), 2018

Publication planned for: June 2018




Introduction: Cornutus the Philosopher

  1. Preface
  2. The life of Cornutus
  3. Stoicism in the first century AD

3.1. Stoicism as an international movement

3.2. Stoicism as a ‘textual community’

3.3. Stoicism: the intellectual programme

  1. Cornutus’ Philosophical Views

4.1. ‘Dialectic’4.1.1. Logic: Cornutus on Aristotle’s Categories

4.1.2. Rhetoric: the social context for wisdom traditions

4.2 Physics

4.3 Ethics

  1. Conclusion

Titles of works by Cornutus

Notes on Texts and Referencing

The Greek Theology [Survey of the Greek Theological Tradition]


  1. Structure

1.1. Introduction

1.2. Structural markers in the Greek Theology

1.3. The Greek Theology  and Plato’s Timaeus

  1. Cornutus and the tradition of allegorical reading

Text and translation

On Pronunciation or Orthography (surviving extracts)


Text and translation

Fragments and Testimonia


Greek theology

Aristotle’s Categories

Physics and metaphysics


Fame as a critic




Cornutus and Persius

The ancient Life of Persius

Persius, Satire 5


Index of Sources